Unit 9: Congress Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 9: Congress Deck (22):
1

A Senator or Representative running for re-election is called the...

Incumbent

2

(T/F) The founding fathers viewed the House of Representatives as impulsive while the Senate was seen as more deliberative.

True

3

Helping a constituent get information on a government program illustrates _________.

Casework

4

(T/F) The most powerful individual in the Senate is the president pro tempore.

False

5

Who of the following is the single most dominant individual in the Senate?

Majority Leader

6

The “iron triangle” of American politics consists of

interest group representatives, legislators, and administrators

7

(T/F) The franking privilege is the right of Members of Congress to send out official mail without any postage.

True

8

The 17th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution provides for

Direct election of the US Senators

9

Which of the following is true of riders?

They are often used to force a president to accept a program he would otherwise veto.

10

When Congress conducts an investigation to explore the relationship between what a law intended and what the executive agency has done, it is engaged in...

Oversight

11

A proposal for a law that would apply to a particular individual or group of individuals, or corporate entity.

Private bill

12

a procedure for ending a debate and taking a vote.

Cloture

13

A committee of the United States Congress appointed by the House of Representatives and Senate to resolve disagreements on a particular bill.

Conference Committee

14

If the president has not signed the bill after 10 days, it becomes law without his signature. However, if Congress adjourns during the 10-day period, the bill does not become law.

Pocket Veto

15

The removal of a president

Impeachment

16

To delay or block legislative action

Filibuster

17

A committee made up of members of both chambers of a bicameral legislature.

joint committee

18

An agreement between the heads of government of two or more nations that has not been ratified by the legislature as treaties are ratified.

Executive agreement

19

A permanent committee that meets regularly.

Standing committee

20

The power of a president, governor, or other elected executive to reject individual provisions of a bill

Line item veto

21

Votes according to the preferences of his/her constituency

Delegate

22

Votes based on what he/she thinks is best for constituency

Trustee