Unit 7: Political Parties Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 7: Political Parties Deck (21):
1

(T/F) Political parties are formally sanctioned in Article III, Section 4 of the Constitution.

False

2

What was the underlying cause for the shift from the fourth to the fifth American party system?

the Great Depression

3

(T/F) A system of proportional representation encourages the development of a two-party system.

False

4

Party alignment occurring in 1 or 2 elections

Critical Realignment

5

A durable shift in patterns of party support

Realignment

6

Party alignment occurring over 3 or more elections

Secular realignment

7

An organization that sponsors candidates for office

Political party

8

Durable pattern of competition for office between 2 or more parties

Party system

9

A term from political science and political history describing a dramatic change in the political system.

Critical election

10

The executive branch and the legislative branch is split between two parties, and in semi-presidential systems, when the executive branch itself is split between two parties.

Divided government

11

Part of the nominating process of candidates for United States presidential elections.

State primary

12

All of the following activities occur at the party’s national convention except _________.

choosing the party’s congressional leaders

13

Which of the following is true of third parties in the American political system?

They have forced the major parties to address important issues.

14

A statement of a political party’s proposed program

Platform

15

“Winner-Take-All Plurality Voting” helps explain why the United States has a...

Two-party system

16

The __________________ Commission proposed major rules changes to the delegate selection process for the Democratic National Committee Convention (these changes included encouraging states to hold primaries and to make the primaries binding on the delegates, reducing the number of convention seats going automatically to elected officials, and developing quotas for women and minority delegates).

McGovern Fraser

17

The congressional election system in the US is called "first past the post" because

the candidate with the most votes wins even if she did not win a majority of the popular vote

18

one of the two main US political parties which follows a broadly liberal programme

Democratic Party

19

one of the two main US political parties which follows a broadly conservative programme

Republican Party

20

A meeting of supporters or members of a specific political party or movement.

State Caucus

21

An organization that seeks to influence public policy

Interest group