Flashcards in Unit 3 outcome 1 Deck (49)
Burden of disease
A measure of the impact of diseases and injuries, specifically it measures the gap between current health status and an ideal situation where everyone lives to an old age free of disease and disability. Burden of disease is measured in a unit called the DALY.
The number of healthy years lost due to disease, illness or injury.
Years of life lost due to premature death
DALY disability adjusted life year
A measure of burden of disease, one DALY equals one year of healthy life lost due to premature death and time lived with illness, disease or injury
An indication of how long a person can expect to live, it is the number of years of life remaining to a person at a particular age if death rates do not change
Health adjusted life expectancy HALE
A measure of burden of disease based on life expectancy at birth, but including an adjustment for time spent in poor health. It is the number of years in full health that a person can expect to live, based on current rates of ill health and mortality
Refers to ill health in an individual and the levels of ill health In a population or group
The number of deaths over a period of time
The number or proportion of cases of a particular disease or condition present in a population at a given time
The rate at which a particular disease/condition occurs over a period of time
An individual's or a populations overall health, taking into account various aspects such as life expectancy, amount of disability and levels of disease risk factors
Under five mortality rates
The number of deaths of children under five years of age per 1000 live births
Deaths in a population
A state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
Dimensions of health
Physical health, mental health and social health
Related to the efficient functioning of the body and its systems, and includes physical capacity to perform tasks and physical fitness.
Eg. Not being sick or injured
State of wellbeing in which the individual realises his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.
Eg. When stress levels are low, a person can relax
Being able to interact with others and participate in the community in both an independent and cooperative way.
Eg. Interactions with others make people happy
Determinants of health
Physical environment, biological, behavioural and social
Birth weight, body weight, glucose regulation, blood pressure levels, blood cholesterol levels, genetics(sex, hormones)
Factors relating to the body that impact on health, such as genetics, hormones, body weight, blood pressure, cholesterol levels and birth weight.
Can impact on health and influence other biological determinants and therefore contribute to variations to health status between individuals and population groups
Weight (kgs)/ height 2 (m)
Under 18.5= underweight.
Obesity leads to..
High blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, impaired glucose regulation, cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes and some cancers
A measure of the pressure of the blood on the walls of the arteries.
Normal blood pressure
Diastolic- 80 relax
High blood pressure
Hypertension blood pressure