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Flashcards in Unit 3 outcome 1 Deck (49)
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1

Burden of disease

A measure of the impact of diseases and injuries, specifically it measures the gap between current health status and an ideal situation where everyone lives to an old age free of disease and disability. Burden of disease is measured in a unit called the DALY.

2

YLD

The number of healthy years lost due to disease, illness or injury.

3

YLL

Years of life lost due to premature death

4

DALY disability adjusted life year

A measure of burden of disease, one DALY equals one year of healthy life lost due to premature death and time lived with illness, disease or injury

5

Life expectancy

An indication of how long a person can expect to live, it is the number of years of life remaining to a person at a particular age if death rates do not change

6

Health adjusted life expectancy HALE

A measure of burden of disease based on life expectancy at birth, but including an adjustment for time spent in poor health. It is the number of years in full health that a person can expect to live, based on current rates of ill health and mortality

7

Morbidity

Refers to ill health in an individual and the levels of ill health In a population or group

8

Mortality rate

The number of deaths over a period of time

9

Prevalence

The number or proportion of cases of a particular disease or condition present in a population at a given time

10

Incidence

The rate at which a particular disease/condition occurs over a period of time

11

Health status

An individual's or a populations overall health, taking into account various aspects such as life expectancy, amount of disability and levels of disease risk factors

12

Under five mortality rates

The number of deaths of children under five years of age per 1000 live births

13

Mortality

Deaths in a population

14

Health

A state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity

15

Dimensions of health

Physical health, mental health and social health

16

Physical health

Related to the efficient functioning of the body and its systems, and includes physical capacity to perform tasks and physical fitness.
Eg. Not being sick or injured

17

Mental health

State of wellbeing in which the individual realises his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.
Eg. When stress levels are low, a person can relax

18

Social health

Being able to interact with others and participate in the community in both an independent and cooperative way.
Eg. Interactions with others make people happy

19

Determinants of health

Physical environment, biological, behavioural and social

20

Biological eg

Birth weight, body weight, glucose regulation, blood pressure levels, blood cholesterol levels, genetics(sex, hormones)

21

Biological determinant

Factors relating to the body that impact on health, such as genetics, hormones, body weight, blood pressure, cholesterol levels and birth weight.

22

Body weight

Can impact on health and influence other biological determinants and therefore contribute to variations to health status between individuals and population groups

23

BMI

Weight (kgs)/ height 2 (m)

24

BMI classification

Under 18.5= underweight.
18.6-24.9= healthy.
25-29.9= overweight.
30+= obese

25

Obesity leads to..

High blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, impaired glucose regulation, cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes and some cancers

26

Blood pressure

A measure of the pressure of the blood on the walls of the arteries.

27

Normal blood pressure

Systolic- 120
Diastolic- 80 relax

28

Hypertension

High blood pressure

29

Hypertension blood pressure

Systolic-140
Diastolic-90

30

Hypertension can lead to..

Cardiovascular diseases and kidney failure