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Flashcards in Unit 3: Outcome 2 Deck (111)
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1

9 NHPA's

Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions, dementia, asthma, diabetes mellitus, cancer control, obesity, mental health, injury prevention and control and cardiovascular health

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Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions
Types

Main musculoskeletal conditions are oesteoarthritis, osteoporosis and rheumatoid arthritis.

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Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions
Arthritis

Causes severe pain and inflammation of the joints, it does not directly relate to mortality but it highly contributes to morbidity.

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Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions
Oesteoarthritis

One of the most common forms of arthritis and its when cartilage in the joints are worn down

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Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions
Rheumatoid arthritis

Caused by inflammation of the joints. It's when the immune system attacks the tissues lining the joints causing pain.

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Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions
Osteoporosis

Bone density weakens meaning bones are more prone to fractures

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Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions
NHPA?

Very high morbidity rates, meaning many Australians live with these diseases.
More than 3 million Australians have some form of arthritis.

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Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions
Direct costs

Individual: Costs of medicine, seeing doctors and specialists.
Community: Medicare contributions, medication and prevention programs

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Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions
Indirect costs

Individual: loss of income, carers or support systems and transport costs.
Community: social security and welfare payments, and loss of productivity.

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Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions
Intangible costs

Individual: anxiety over the prospect of falls and fractures, missing out on social experiences, loss of self esteem

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Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions
Biological determinants

Age- bone mass decreases as an individual gets older.
Sex- after menopause women have higher chances developing musculoskeletal conditions because the production of oestrogen reduces which is used to help maintain bone health.

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Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions
Behavioural determinants

Dietary behaviour- lack of nutrients causes problems in bone growth.
Lack of vitamin D- lack of sun exposure reduces bone mineral density

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Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions
Social determinants

SES- lower SES groups tend to have less knowledge and opportunity to prevent and treat musculoskeletal illnesses.
Food security- lack of nutritional foods mean a person's bones cannot form hard tissue

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Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions
Physical environment

Work environment: workplaces that require physical labour cause higher changes of back and joint pain.
Access to healthcare: no access to healthcare means these conditions can't be detected and prevented.

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Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions
Program

Kids get arthritis too
Developed by: arthritis Australia .
Audience: kids and parents.

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Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions
Kids get arthritis too
Aims

Educate Australians that there are over 6000 kids suffering from arthritis including toddlers and baby's.

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Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions
Kids get arthritis too
What it does

Making a 5 point plan to address what needs to be done.
1. Fund training in Aus
2. Expanding public services
3. Develop educational material for healthcare professionals.
4. Develop consumer services
5. Fund research into a cure

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Asthma

A condition characterised by inflammation of the airways which causes them to narrow and leads to difficulty breathing.
Triggers are pollen, animal hair, smoke, physical activity, colds and flus

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Asthma
NHPA

Contributes significantly to the overall burden of disease in Australia.
2.2 million Australians suffered from asthma in 2011-12

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Asthma
Direct costs

Individual: doctors appointment, hospital administrations and pharmaceuticals.
Community: Medicare, pbs

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Asthma
Indirect costs

Individual: loss of income, costs of carers
Community: lost productivity, lost tax revenue

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Asthma
Intangible costs

Individual: increased anxiety if attacks become frequent, missing school due to sleep disturbance, not being able to participate in sport.
Community: anxiety experienced by parents

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Asthma
Biological determinants

Excess body weight- higher risk of developing asthma.
Genetic predisposition- family history increased risk

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Asthma
Behavioural determinants

Tobacco smoke- being exposed to smoke either at hi or in the womb increases the risk.

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Asthma
Social determinants

Low SES- due to smoking

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Asthma
Physical environment

Work environment- exposure to pollutants in the workplace can increase risk.
Housing- that doesn't have adequate ventilation may increase odour pollution

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Asthma
Program

Developed by? Asthma Australia
Audience? Asthma suffers and parents

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Asthma
Sensitive choice
Aims

Assist those with asthma and allergies to make better lifestyle choices, resulting in reduced exposure to triggers.

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Asthma
Sensitive choice
What it does?

Encourages manufacturers to produce products and services that reduce the risk of asthma and allergic reactions.
The program's provides consumers with a way of identifying products that may benefit people with asthma

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Diabetes mellitus

A serious chronic conditions which can affect the entire body. Diabetes refers to when the body cannot maintain healthy levels of glucose in the blood.
3 main types type 1, type 2 and gestational