Unit 3: rights and freedoms in canada Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 3: rights and freedoms in canada Deck (23):
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Fundamental freedoms

The right to express your opinions, choose your own religion, organize peaceful meetings and demonstrations, associate with any person or group

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Democratic rights

Right to vote for members of the House of Commons and of provincial legislatures, right to vote for a new government every 5 years

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Mobility rights

Right to move anywhere within Canada and to earn a living there, rights to enter, stay in and leave Canada

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Equality rights

The right to be free of discrimination because of race, national or ethnic origin, religion, gender, age, or mental/physical disability

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Legal rights

Right to be free of imprisonment, search and seizure without reasons backed by law and evidence. Right to a fair and quick public trial by proper court (assumed innocent until proven guilty)

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Internment

To be imprisoned because of your identity

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Charter of rights and freedoms

Part of Canada's constitution
Variety of laws about individual rights
Created constitutional protections for individual rights and freedoms when ch applies to governments across Canada

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Constitution

Set if laws that establish governance... Highest law in Canada!

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Individual rights

Rights and freedoms that is inherent to every Canadian citizen

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Labour unions

An organization of workers that acts to protect workers rights and interests

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Affirm

To validate and express commitment to something

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What is the difference between constitution and the charter of rights and freedoms

Constitution is what makes yo the charter of rights and freedoms by making laws that make governance. The charter is what makes the list of rights and freedoms that apply to Canadian citizens

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What year was the charter of rights and freedoms put into place?

In the year of 1982

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What are the two exceptions to the rights and freedoms of a person in Canada?

You can't have certain mobility and democratic rights of you are not a Canadian citizen. Also if you are a criminal it bars you from certain mobility, democratic, individual and legal rights

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When did women get to vote?

They began to campaign in 1918
The suffragettes and other beer E women joined in the fight for democratic rights for their strong causes

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Suffragettes

Groups of women in England who held large angry rallied to support their cause of equal democratic rights between women and men. They were often imprisoned because of their views
Emily Howard Stowe founded the club to promote women's suffrage- right to vote

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What is the Indian act and how did it restrict their rights and freedoms?

The Indian act was passed by parliament in 1876
This act affect F.N who concluded treaties with Canada's government
-required F.N to obtain government permission to wear traditional clothing
-banned traditional ceremonies
-Prevented F.N from taking political action

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Which groups of people were intended during the wars?

Ukrainian Canadians: 1914
-more than 8000 Ukrainian or German decent arrested and sent to camps
Due to world war one 1914

Italian Canadians: 1940
-arrests focused mainly on men, but some families followed them to camps- 700 people affected
-during World War Two Canada arrested the Italian because the declared war on them
Japanese Canadians: 1942
- moved the Japanese away from the west coast due to the war of Japan attacking Pearl Harbor

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War measures act

Passed in 1914 at the outbreak of war
In many cases the government would seize Hines and the possessions of those arrested under this act
This act also allowed the government to arrest and bring people from a certain decent to camps due to the war declared between origins

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No-fly list

Took effect on June 2007
List of people (criminals) who are barred from traveling by airline due to their behaviours
This list protects people from the uncertainty of the individuals behaviours
Barred the criminals from many mobility rights

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Lords Day Act

Until 1985 this act made it illegal for most Canadian businesses to be open on Sunday, due to the religious belief of the Sabbath day being a day of rest
In May 1982, three months after the charter of rights and freedoms was created the stores started to rebel making the act no longer a law due to the rights and freedoms of individuals

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Labour unions...

In 2001 the unions launched a charter challenge, arguing that the province was discriminating against them based on gender
1993 Ontario created a law that they would pay both genders equally due to the rebel of workers
Mary Kelly and many others wanted $414 million in pay adjustments due to the money they lost before the law

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Discrimination due to age

In the early 1990s professor olive Dickson challenged wether the university of Alberta could force her to retire at age 65
The charter promised equal protection and equal benefit of law without discrimination
The Supreme Court have reexamine do their legislation from earlier and has made it illegal for employers to force employees to retire because of age due to olives act

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