Unit #3 Vocab _ 1 Flashcards Preview

Gothic Art History > Unit #3 Vocab _ 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit #3 Vocab _ 1 Deck (34)
Loading flashcards...
0

Matthew Paris

Artist and historian who famously illuminated manuscripts in the English style, which was a black outline and light/watercolor-like color fill. He drew a self portrait in one of him adoring the Madonna & Child

1

pendant fan vaults

complex, decorative vault style in the English Perpendicular era that looked like stalactites. Found in the Chapel of Henry 7th

2

webbing

vault style in the English Perpendicular era where the excess of vault ribs creates a web effect & the webbing is the ceiling showing through

3

Perpendicular style/era

Late 14th century English architectural style, with an emphasis on grid-like patterns and order in that fashion and a lot of decorative/extra features

4

effigy (of King Edward 2nd of England)

a tomb structure in which the king is displayed; this particular kings' effigy is elaborately decorated in the Late French style in the Gloucester Cathedral

5

Lierne ribs

an English architectural element where non structural ribs connect diagonal or tierceron ribs with one another

6

spandrels

the flat area between arches; began to be decorated on stone walls in England in the Decorated Gothic style (early 1300's)

7

Octagon of Ely Cathedral

a wooden octagonal tower built as the crossing tower (14th c. replacement) in the Ely Cathedral; has tierceron style ribs; was carpentry high points in history

8

tierceron

ribs that fan out from a structural rib springing point

9

ridge rib

non-structural rib that follows at the center ceiling line of a nave, all the way down

10

Inverted/Scissor/Strainer Arches

unique architectural feature at the crossing transept area in the Wells Cathedral

11

close

park-like field or area where an English church or cathedral would be built; not unusual thing for us to see today but was a new thing back then to have so much space & lack of a city around the church

12

fan vaults

funnel-shaped vaulting with spreading ribs such as a fountain stream

13

Purbek marble

dark polished marble frequently used in architecture by the English in the Gothic era

14

Norman era

English version of the (French's) Romanesque era (before 12th cent.)

15

Early English / Plantagenet era

English version of the (French's) High Gothic era (13th cent.)

16

Decorated era

*first phase* of the English version of the (French's) Late Gothic era (1300's)

17

Perpendicular era

*second phase* of the English version of the (French's) Late Gothic era (late 1300's!)

18

silver gilt

silver metalwork with gold leaf

19

"Virgin of St. Denis"

metalwork reliquary sculpture made for Queen Jeanne d'Evreau

20

"Virgin of Paris"

stone sculpture (early 14th c.) with a Gothic Sway that ignores anatomy but the rhythmic pattern of Mary's robe has visual interest; one of first totally "in the round" sculptures of this time {b/c was seen as idolatry}

21

"Angers Apocalypse"

oldest surviving set of true European tapestries for Duke of Anjou, designed by Jean Bondel; for centuries were in Cathedral of Angers (ahn-j'ares)

22

Bonne of Luxembourg

person who illuminated a very delicately decorated manuscript that morbidly/realistically depicted the happenings of the Black Death at the time (1348)

23

drôleries

naturalistic but often foolish drawings "doodled" about around margins and text, peculiar & fun additives used in the later Gothic era manuscripts (drôle= "funny" in French)

24

bas de page

random scenes drawn/illuminated into the bottom of the page (random, don't go along with the page's text)

25

"Belleville Breviary"

most famous illumination drawing by Jean Pucelle; great sense of delicacy; use of ivy at margins (Late French Gothic technique)

26

grissaille

in grey; pictures have little to no saturation; a gray scale manuscript drawing

27

"Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux"

an hourly/daily prayer book made by Jean Pucelle (1320's); know specifically it's Annunciation drawing page, a step towards Renaissance realism

28

Jean Pucelle

famous artist/illuminator in Paris in 14th century; influenced by Master Honore of previous generation; but Pucelle's figures often lacked a frame boundary

29

Hôtel de Cluny

now a museum of medieval art but was once a private home building in Middle Ages in Paris

30

House of Jaques Coeur

famous private/ secular house in Bourges (15th cent.); study pic & it's both Gothic & Renaissance features

31

ogee arches

compound (convex-concave) curves (often arches), & tracery design characterizes by teardrop divisions

32

Flamboyant style

"flame-like" style of architecture, features ogee arches, excess (especially in tracery & detail!)

33

Saint Maclou church

1434 in Rouen; Late Gothic church built post-14th cent. (rare); flamboyant style; tracery becomes independent of wall & wraps around façade which dematerializes the building & it's geometry!