Unit #4 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit #4 Vocab Deck (59)
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1

Large alarpiece by Duccio, the main painting being Madonna and Child enthroned with saints around them; figures in Gothic style (linear/patterned) and Byzantine style (hand/face); more panels on back in maniera greca style (gold sky)

"The Maestá"

2

preferred medium for large-scale wall/ceiling paintings ever since ancient times

frescos

3

Giovanni Pisano

art sculptor, son, sculpted CATHEDRAL pulpit at Pisa, and facade sculpt. on Siena Cathedral

4

"Hall of Peace", room in the city hall political building in Siena

Salla della Pace

5

Nicola Pisano

art sculptor, dad, sculpted BAPTISTERY pulpit at Pisa

7

glittering inlay work

cosmati work

8

exterior sculptor for the Florence Cathedral in later 13th century, but not the dome

Arnolfo di Cambio

9

metal bars in the nave interior that counteracted vault stresses in absence of flying buttresses/gallery

tie rods

10

earliest and most famous work of Nicola Pisano; located in Baptistery building by Leaning Tower of Pisa.
DISTINGUISHING FEATURES: lobes arches, boxed-in/ Ancient-Roman-sarcophagus style reliefs

"Pisa Baptistery Pulpit"

11

sculpture in the round of Mary & baby Jesus, made by Giovanni Pisano

"The Padua Madonna & Child"

12

work in the Pisa Cathedral that has 14th century characteristics, sculpted with loose figures and space in between them

"Pisa Cathedral Pulpit"

13

One (of the three) grand doors designed and sculpted in relief by Andrea Pisano in quatrefoil-diamon shape, on an important building

Florence Baptistery Door

14

when this substance is mixed with pigments to create colors to make frescos with

egg tempura

15

when dried paint is just added on top of a fresco when a mistake is made; not permanent

fresco secco

16

style was especially important after 1204 (sack of Constantinople) and every major city (except Venice) had evidence of Ancient Rome art & architecture

Italo-Byzantine

17

"Greek Style", which is what the Italians called the (what we know as) Italo-Byzantine

maniera greca

18

a second artist, aside from Orcagna, who worked for the rich Strozzi family

Gentile da Fabriano (from Fabriano, NE Rome)

19

the name for the style that the Italians, otherwise, called the 'Greek style'

Italo-Byzantine

20

Cimabue's famous painting of a sitting Mary and the weird/flat sense of space, and painting style in Cimabue's semi-abstracted style (1280)

"Madonna & Child Enthroned"

21

master mason and sculptor on Orvieto Cathedral

Lorenzo Maitani

22

altarpiece by Giotto, where Gothic style is hinted at in architecture but the Virgin figure is Roman/classical in style (1310)

"Madonna & Child Enthroned"

24

the painted fresco at Assisi, by Cimabue, that is very bad condition but a dramatic example of this type of art in this time

"Crucifixion"

25

most famous painting by Giotto, shows the lament of Mary and mourners over Christ's post-crucified body. many important and innovative visual characteristics

"Lamentation"

26

an alternative to the new-wave of Renaissance approaching in the late 14th century, when the lavish styles of the Gothic appealed to the desire of display that the aristocrats had

The International Gothic style (in Italy)

27

King Robert had this painting created after his bishop brother died and was declared a saint; visually connecting King Robert to Royal House of France and to this important saint

Robert of Anjou Crowned by St. Louis of Toulouse

28

Brothers who studied under Duccio and became well known painters/artists up until their mysterious disappearance from art world in 1340's (due to Black Death, assumedly)

Lorenzetti Brothers, Ambrogio and Pietro

29

an alternative to the new-wave of Renaissance approaching in the late 14th century, when the lavish styles of the Gothic appealed to the desire of display that the aristocrats had

The 'International Gothic' style (in Italy)

30

altarpiece paintings in Santa Maria Novella, Florence!, that was made by Orcagna for the Strozzi family; shows Christ in center panel, and important figures on either side's two panels (pointed arches with gable-effect)

"Strozzi Altarpiece"

31

(when rough plaster on a masonry wall is covered with) a fine, smooth coat of plaster called ___

intonaco

32

hospital/sick&elderly housing building, near Dijon, with unique tiled roof

Beanue ("bone") Hospital

33

picture or pattern made by arranging small colored bits of hard material

mosaics

34

Late 14th century artist in Florence, sculptor in the International Gothic style

Orcagna

36

1400's, important art piece by Giovanni dei Grassi, Milan; ppt. scene showed God overlooking Adam & Eve in a capital C

"The Visconti Book Of Hours"

37

elaborately framed altarpiece with many multi-panel wood paintings; prominent Spanish AND Italian feature

retable

37

Side altarpiece that is very French and elaborate in style; only center panel is by Martini (Mary figure looking repellant towards Angel Gabriel)

"Annunciation"

38

small paintings, at the bottom, that accompany larger altarpiece painting

predella scenes

39

large and tall elaborate wood altarpiece, figures showing signs of International Gothic, architecture very Gothic

The Creglingen Altarpiece

40

1420, Naples, magnificent and tall sculptural tomb in French style by Andrea Nofri

"Tomb of King Ladislas"

41

Italian lingo for someone in the 1300's, which they considered as actually "300"

trecento

43

Large wall fresco made by Ambrogio Lorenzetti in Hallf of Peace in Siena's city hall

"The Effects of Good Government on the City and Country"

44

1420, Naples, magnificent and tall sculptural tomb in French style by Andrea Nofri

"Tomb of King Ladislas"

45

Duke of Burgundy who married daughter of Count of Flanders, which added the territory of Flanders to his kingdom; had a large & important monastery built as a place for dynastic mausoleum

Philip the Bold

46

the sculpture gazebo-like well in the middle courtyard in the Chartreuse de Champmol, depicting old testament figures, done by Claus Sluter

The Well of Moses

47

Important sculptural piece that Orcagna created for the chapel in Florence, late 14th century

"The Tabernacle of Or San Michele"

47

altarpiece Gentile da Fabriano made for Strozzi family; mixes Gothic elements with naturalistic details; one large painting with 3 panels of smaller paintings at the bottom

"Strozzi Altarpiece (Adoration of the Magi)"

48

Openable large altarpiece that is elaborate in the Gothic architecture style, with gilded wood on the inside and paintings on the outside (when closed)

The Retable of Champmol

49

Large, mostly-rectangular altarpiece in the chapel of the Beanue Hospital that shows Christ in heaven (gold sky), Angel Gabriel below him & on Earth with the scales, scenes flanking out either side

The Last Judgement

50

The artist of the paintings on the Retable of Champmol

Melchoir Broderlam

51

The artist of the Beanue Hospital chapel's "The Last Judgement" altartpiece

Rogier van der Weyden

52

First flemish painter to achieve international fame; was best known as proponent of hyper-realism/illusionism in his paintings

Jan van Eyck

53

artist hired (sculptor) to work at Chartreuse de Champmol

Claus Sluter

54

Piece that the Limbourg Brothers (of Netherlands)(worked in Paris) made, which is a 15th c. colorful manuscript

"Trés Riches Heures du Duc de Berry"

"The Rich Hours of the Duke of Berry"

55

when surface is absolutely covered in plants, flowers, vines (which may be symbolic)

millefleur

56

German woodcarving artist who worked excellently in limewood, also known for international gothic aesthetic & angular ridges in cloth

Tilman Riemenschneider

57

a section of a fresco scene that is done in one sitting

giornata

57

King Robert had this painting created after his bishop brother died and was declared a saint; visually connecting King Robert to Royal House of France and to this important saint

Robert of Anjou Crowned by St. Louis of Toulouse

57

dynastic mausoleum monastery made by Philip the Bold

The Chartreuse de Champmol

58

The other German wood artist, who settled in Krawkow

Veit Stoss

59

Artist of the Well of Moses in the chartreuse de champmol

Claus Sluter