Unit #3 Vocab _ 2 Flashcards Preview

Gothic Art History > Unit #3 Vocab _ 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit #3 Vocab _ 2 Deck (35)
Loading flashcards...
1

shooting along a castle wall

lateral defense

2

vertically sliding grille used to protect a hall or entryway

portcullis

3

a charge in the shape of a spot, with specific names due to what color it is

roundel

4

verbal description of a heraldic arms, precise and concise as possible

blazon

5

or, argent, gules, azure, purpure, vert, sable

gold, silver, red, blue, purple, green, black

6

designated hue of a shield/heraldic arms, divided into two categories

tincture

7

decorative and symbolic material surround a shield

augmentations

8

parts of "achievement of arms":
[figures] [fluttering flourish]
[above] [beneath shield]

supporters, mantling,
helm, motto

9

artificial hill

motte

10

the protected yard a motte is in

bailey

11

towers for lateral defense

bastions

12

lion charge forms:
[rampant] [passant]

rearing on one leg, walking

13

round bastions that extruded from rectangular wall structure, often at corner points

D-towers

14

symbols that mark position of a son in line of inheritance

marks of cadency

15

charges arrayed across part of a shield in a pattern/repeating

semy

16

post of a lion

presentation

17

top pathway along castle walls

wall walk

18

raised wall that shields the wall walk

battlements

19

a notch form which alternates between teeth and gaps

crenellation

20

the "teeth" of crenellation

merlons

21

the "gaps" of crenellation

embrasures

22

system of bracketing/holes to allow the vertical defense of a wall by shooting straight down

machicolation

23

semi-open coverings over battlements

hoardings

24

geometric designs imposed on shields

divisions

25

most common divisions on a shield are called

ordinaries

26

1) zig-zag line on shield
2) wave-like line on shield
3) crenellation design on shield

1) indented
2) wavy
3) embatted

27

parts of a shield:
1) top 2) left 3) right 4) bottom

1) chief
2) sinister (viewer's right side)
3) dexter (viewer's left side)
4) base

28

wooden fence that encloses the bailey

palisade

29

the tower on the motte

keep

30

thin outward-facing openings too narrow to climb through but are used for attack/light

arrow loops

31

little pictures, designs, emblems placed on a shield

charges

32

realistic charges are called

proper charges

33

defensive trench, which could be empty or filled with water, that surrounded a castle

moat

34

sloping the lower part of an outward castle wall so as to make offense/attack difficult for the enemy

battered

35

the inner ward area surrounded by the inner walls

inner bailey