Unit 4 AOS 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 4 AOS 1 Deck (14):

Where do challenges come from?

- Internal or external sources
- Theological: sometimes the religious tradition has challenges from inside the religion due to different interpretations of beliefs
- Ethical: political/wealth issues or power issues
- Threat to existence


What makes challenges significant?

- Could be the number involved in challenge,
- Length of time involved in the challenge
,- The threat of the existence of the religion
- May cause breaks in the tradition (schism)
- They force changes to religious aspects


Different stances a religion can take in responding to a challenge

They could,
- Reaffirm their beliefs
- Accept with conditions changes
- Reject or deny challenge
- Ignore the challenge, dismiss issue
- Reevaluate


Aspect of religion that is most likely to be challenged

- Ethics
- Challenges that occur may test people and force them to make decisions which would go against their morals/behaviours


Edict of Milan: who and what was challenged?

- Identity of the early Chuch as a persecuted and highly committed group of churches in the Roman Empire


Edict of Milan: what was the challenge and why?

- Constantine becomes Emperor
- Seeks to legalise Christianity and have it become the state sanctioned religion


Edict of Milan: what were the responses of the church?

- Majority of leaders of church welcome the opportunity
- Minority disagree


Edict of Milan: what aspects were challenged?

- Codes of behaviour: pacifism; most early Christians were pacifist and refused to serve on the Roman army


Edict of Milan: what was the impact of the response in the church?

- Wealth: christian churches had always been relatively poor and powerless
- Edict of Milan allowed reclamation of property and reimbursement of losses as well as a number of other benefits


When did the Edict of Milan occur?

- In 313 after an agreement with the Eastern Emperor Licinius


What was the impact on the wider society after the Edict of Milan?

- Rules and laws were changed
- Church and state as people were now allowed to freely practice Christianity and it was made its sanctioned religion


What was the Great Schism 1054?

- The break up of the Christian churches into two sections: Western and Eastern
- Turned into Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church


Why did the Great Schism occur?

- One problem was that the Roman Catholic's changed the Nicene Creed which was not allowed and the Eastern Orthodox Church did not agree with
- Another was that Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox felt as though they had jurisdiction over the Balkan territory


Result of the Great Schism

- Two sides have not reconciled yet