Unit 4: Melody Writing and Composition Flashcards Preview

Music Theory > Unit 4: Melody Writing and Composition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 4: Melody Writing and Composition Deck (9):
1

motives

short rhythmic or melodic ideas that are used as building blocks to create melodies; motives can be imitated or altered throughout a piece of music

2

phrases

musical sentences; the notes in a phrase create a unit of musical thought; all phrases end with a melodic cadence that serves as musical punctuation; some phrases sound unfinished or complete; phrases can be marked with slurs

3

melodic motion

may consist of repeated notes, steps, skips, and leaps

4

stable scale degrees

(1 and 3) at the end of a phrase make a melody sound finished, much like a period at the end of a sentence; scale degrees 1 and 3 are notes of the tonic triad

5

unstable scale degrees

(2 and 7) at the end of a phrase make a melody sound unfinished, like a comma in the middle of a sentence; the melody will sound like it wants to pause before it continues with an answering phrase; scale degrees 2 and 7 are notes of the dominant triad

6

periods

these elements work together to create longer melodic units

7

antecedent

first phrase; often poses a musical question and ends on an unstable degree; question phrase

8

consequent

second phrase; often provides a musical answer and ends on a stable scale degree; answer phrase

9

parallel period

first and second phrases begin with the same melodic material