Unit 7: Chords and Harmony Flashcards Preview

Music Theory > Unit 7: Chords and Harmony > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 7: Chords and Harmony Deck (10):
1

major and minor triads

a triad is a set of three notes separated by thirds; triads are named by their root

2

root

bottom note of a triad

3

third

middle note of a triad

4

fifth

top note of a triad

5

primary triads

tonic, subdominant, and dominant; triads built on 1,4, and 5 of major keys consist of a major third and perfect fifth above the root; these triads are major in quality

6

tonic triad

triads built on 1 of harmonic minor scales consist of a minor third and perfect fifth; minor in quality

7

sudominant triad

triads built on 4 consist of minor third and perfect fifth; minor in quality

8

dominant triad

triads built on 5 of harmonic minor scales consist of major third and perfect fifth; major in quality because the raised seventh in the harmonic form of the minor scale

when writing dominant triads in minor keys it is necessary to use an accidental for the leading tone; the leading tone is the third of the triad

9

functional chord symbols

Roman numerals to show the scale degree on which a triad is built and the quality (major or minor) of the triad

- uppercase Roman numerals are used to symbolize major triads
- lowercase Roman numerals are used to symbolize minor triads
- functional chord symbols are written below the staff

10

root/quality chord symbols

another way of symbolizing chords

- the capital letter of the root of the triad is used to symbolize major triads
- the capital letter followed by "m" is used to symbolize minor triads
- root/quality chord symbols are written above the staff