Unit 6: Music History Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 6: Music History Deck (12):
1

oratorio

- a large-scale choral work

- usually sacred and based on a biblical story

- components include an overture, recitatives, arias, and choruses

- performed in a concert setting, without costumes, staging, or scenery

2

chorus

- a vocal composition, often included in oratorios and other large-scale choral works

- often written for four voices: soprano, alto, tenor, and bass (SATB)

3

soprano

a female voice, high in register

4

alto

a female voice, low in register

5

tenor

a male voice, high in register

6

bass

a male voice, low in register

7

"Hallelujah Chorus" from Messiah

written by George Frideric Handel; the chorus expresses jubilation at the resurrection of Jesus Christ; the overwhelming sense of triumph conveyed by the music has contributed to its enduring popularity

Genre: chorus from an oratorio
Performing forces: SAT chorus accompanied by orchestra
Text source: drawn from the New Testament of the Bible

8

opera

- a play set to music

- performing forces include soloists, chorus, orchestra

- scenery, costumes, and lighting are combined with the music to tell the story

9

aria

- a solo song in an opera or oratorio

- allows the character to express his or her feelings and emotions

10

"Queen of the Night Aria" from The Magic Flute

written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart; stands among the most dazzling and virtuosic pieces ever written for a coloratura soprano, a special voice type trained to execute passages of music

Genre: aria from an opera
Performing forces: coloratura soprano accompanied by orchestra

11

verse-chorus structure

- a common song structure in popular music

- verses develop the character/storyline while the 'chorus' acts as a tuneful refrain

12

"Over the Rainbow"

written by Harold Arlen

Genre: solo song, from the film The Wizard of Oz
Performing forces: solo voice (originally composed for Judy Garland) and orchestra