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Flashcards in Unit 5 Deck (27)
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laws that severely restricted African Americans’ lives

black codes


a soldier that commanded the Confederate army

Robert E. Lee


This was a strategy created by Union General Winfield Scott in 1861. It called for strangling the Southern Confederacy, much like an Anaconda. It was never officially adopted by the Union government.

Anaconda plan


union nurse that often cared for the sick and wounded at the front lines. After her courage under fire at Antietam, a surgeon described her as the “angel of the battlefield.”

Clara Barton


a court order that requires authorities to bring a person held in jail before the court to determine why he or she is being jailed

habeas corpus


which states that no one can be kept from voting because of “race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” The amendment would also affect Northern states, many of which at this time barred African Americans from voting.

15th Amendment


a draft that would force certain members of the population to serve in the army.



The U.S. Constitution now stated that “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States.”

13th Amendment


a 26 year old actor and southern sympathizer who assassinated Abraham Lincoln

John Wilkes Booth


a general for the Union during the Civil War

George McClellan


the 18th president of the United States.

Ulysses S. Grant


commander of the military division of the mississippi.

William Sherman


a town in Georgia where the worst confederate prison was.



which provided a constitutional basis for the Civil Rights Act.

14th Amendment


an American politician who was a U.S. Representative and Senator from Mississippi, the 23rd U.S. Secretary of War, and the President of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil

Jefferson Davis


a sea fort in Charleston, South Carolina, notable for two battles of the American Civil War

Fort Sumter


also known as First Manassas, was fought on July 21, 1861 in Prince William County, Virginia, near the city of Manassas, not far from Washington, D.C. It was the first major battle of the American Civil War

Battle of Bull Run


also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing, was a major battle in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, fought April 6–7, 1862, in southwestern Tennessee

Battle of Shiloh


On September 17, 1862, Generals Robert E. Lee and George McClellan faced off near Antietam creek in Sharpsburg, Maryland, in the the first battle of the American Civil War to be fought on northern soil



fought from July 1 to July 3, 1863, is considered the most important engagement of the American Civil War. After a great victory over Union forces at Chancellorsville, General Robert E. Lee marched his Army of Northern Virginia into Pennsylvania in late June 1863.



In May and June of 1863, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's armies converged on Vicksburg, investing the city and entrapping a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John Pemberton.



What were the strengths of the North before the war began?

industrial advantage, railroads, firearms, shoes


What were the strengths of the South before the war began?

production of cotton, trained officers, gunpowder mills


Why did Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation?

If the slaves were free then the British would be less likely to help the south in battle


What were the results of the Emancipation Proclamation?

the Proclamation had made the Confederacy more determined than ever to fight to preserve its way of life.


What were some costs of the Civil War?

360,000 Union Soldiers and 260,000 confederate soldiers killed
nearly as many killed in Civil war as all other American wars combined
275,000 Union Soldiers and 225,000 Confederate soldiers wounded
10% of U.S. population serving in war at one time
$3.3 billion spent on war


What was President Johnson’s plan for Reconstruction?

Under provisional governors appointed by him, the Southern states held conventions that voided or repealed their ordinances of secession, abolished slavery, and (except South Carolina) repudiated Confederate debts. Their newly elected legislatures (except Mississippi) ratified the Thirteenth Amendment guaranteeing freedom for blacks. By the end of 1865 every ex-Confederate state except Texas had reestablished civil government.