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Flashcards in Unit 9 Deck (104)
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1

When did Georg Elser attempt to assassinate Hitler?

November 1939

2

When was France invaded? (Second world war)

May 1940

3

What order met opposition in Bavaria in April 1941?

The order to remove crucifixes from walls

4

Where did deputy Fuhrer Rudolf Hess fly in 1941?

Scotland

5

When did Operation Barbarossa begin?

June 1941

6

What was Operation Barbarossa the code name for?

The invasion of the Soviet Union

7

What did Bishop Von Galen publicly challenge in August 1941?

The T4 programme

8

When did Germany declare war on the USA (second world war)

11th December 1941

9

What occurred in the Christmas bonus of 1942?

Every citizen received extra rations, including an extra 200 Grammes of meat

10

When did clothing become scarce?

1941

11

When were permits introduced for furniture?

1st August 1942

12

When did household goods begin to be rationed?

20th January 1943

13

How did Georg Elser attempt to assassinate Hitler?

He exploded a bomb when Hitler made a speech commemorating the Munich Putsch. Bomb exploded but hitler wasn't in room at the time

14

What was the elation over victory in France in 1940 replaced by?

Frustration as Britain refused to back down and submit to German rule

15

Why did morale take a further hit in May 1941?

Rudolf Hess flew to Scotland and returned empty handed

16

What did Goebbels appeal for on the 19th of December 1941

Winter clothes for troops

17

Why was the failure to win outright victory immediately in the east significant?

It led many to question Nazi ideology for the first time

18

When was Goebbels total war speech?

February 1943

19

What caused greater contempt at nazi rule?

Defeat in North Africa, Soviet Union, the Atlantic and Italy

20

What was an example of resistance that was reported to the party chancellory in March and April 1943?

The Fuhrer was prone to criticism and jokes, specifically many one liners that showed a distinct lack of respect for the once revered figure

21

What defeat clearly marked a turning point in war moral?

The defeat at Stalingrad

22

What were the two goals of the RAF and USAF bombing campaigns?

Destroying the German war industry
Undermining morale on the home front

23

How many Germans were killed by allied bombing?

305,000 killed, 780,000 were injured and nearly 2 million homes were destroyed

24

Which two bombing campaigns killed 80,000 civilians between them?

Dresden February 1945
Hamburg summer of 1943

25


What did the state attempt to provide bomb victims with,

Alternative accommodation and some financial compensation

26

What did goebbels call for in an attempt to stop the demoralisation caused by bombing attacks?

Ausharren (peserverance) which generated a spirit of heroic resistance

27

When did nazi propaganda become less effective?

When the reality of certain defeat dawned

28

What did the petitions over the removal of crucifixes cause Wagner to do?

He overturned his original order

29

What were Bavarians doing when then protested against the crucifix crisis?

They were defending their regional culture, not challenging the Fuhrer

30

What was the T4 programme?

The policy of killing asylum patients and the closure of local monasteries