Flashcards in Unit 9 Deck (104)
When did Georg Elser attempt to assassinate Hitler?
When was France invaded? (Second world war)
What order met opposition in Bavaria in April 1941?
The order to remove crucifixes from walls
Where did deputy Fuhrer Rudolf Hess fly in 1941?
When did Operation Barbarossa begin?
What was Operation Barbarossa the code name for?
The invasion of the Soviet Union
What did Bishop Von Galen publicly challenge in August 1941?
The T4 programme
When did Germany declare war on the USA (second world war)
11th December 1941
What occurred in the Christmas bonus of 1942?
Every citizen received extra rations, including an extra 200 Grammes of meat
When did clothing become scarce?
When were permits introduced for furniture?
1st August 1942
When did household goods begin to be rationed?
20th January 1943
How did Georg Elser attempt to assassinate Hitler?
He exploded a bomb when Hitler made a speech commemorating the Munich Putsch. Bomb exploded but hitler wasn't in room at the time
What was the elation over victory in France in 1940 replaced by?
Frustration as Britain refused to back down and submit to German rule
Why did morale take a further hit in May 1941?
Rudolf Hess flew to Scotland and returned empty handed
What did Goebbels appeal for on the 19th of December 1941
Winter clothes for troops
Why was the failure to win outright victory immediately in the east significant?
It led many to question Nazi ideology for the first time
When was Goebbels total war speech?
What caused greater contempt at nazi rule?
Defeat in North Africa, Soviet Union, the Atlantic and Italy
What was an example of resistance that was reported to the party chancellory in March and April 1943?
The Fuhrer was prone to criticism and jokes, specifically many one liners that showed a distinct lack of respect for the once revered figure
What defeat clearly marked a turning point in war moral?
The defeat at Stalingrad
What were the two goals of the RAF and USAF bombing campaigns?
Destroying the German war industry
Undermining morale on the home front
How many Germans were killed by allied bombing?
305,000 killed, 780,000 were injured and nearly 2 million homes were destroyed
Which two bombing campaigns killed 80,000 civilians between them?
Dresden February 1945
Hamburg summer of 1943
What did the state attempt to provide bomb victims with,
Alternative accommodation and some financial compensation
What did goebbels call for in an attempt to stop the demoralisation caused by bombing attacks?
Ausharren (peserverance) which generated a spirit of heroic resistance
When did nazi propaganda become less effective?
When the reality of certain defeat dawned
What did the petitions over the removal of crucifixes cause Wagner to do?
He overturned his original order
What were Bavarians doing when then protested against the crucifix crisis?
They were defending their regional culture, not challenging the Fuhrer