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Flashcards in Unit2 Deck (65)
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1

The secretions of the pituitary glands are most directly regulated by the...

B. Hypothalamus

2

Our lips are more sensitive than our knees to sensations of touch due to...

B. A larger area of the sensory cortex is associated with our lips

3

Which if the following is the component of the limbic system that plays an essential role in the processing of new memories..

C. Hippocampus

4

After Kato's serious motorcycle accident, doctors detected damage to his cerebellum. Kato is most likely to have difficulty...

F. Playing his guitar

5

Ellen volunteers during his ap psych class to try to balance a yardstick on her two fingers. While her eyes are open, she finds the task quite easy. However, when she closes her eyes, she finds the same task almost impossible. Which brain region relies on visual info in coordinating our voluntary movements?

E. cerebellum

6

To determine whether the strength of people's self esteem is related to their income levels, researchers would most likely make use of...

B. Correlational research

7

The medulla is to the control of_______as the cerebellum is to the control of_______.

B. Breathing;walking

8

A brain scan of a patient looking at a photograph of a painting would most likely indicate high levels of activity in which brain structure?

D. Occipital lobes

9

The surgical removal of a large tumor from Danes occipital lobe resulted in extensive loss of brain tissue. Dane is most likely to suffer some loss of...

C. Visual perception

10

Which part of your brain receives information that you are moving your legs?

B. Motor cortex

11

In a distribution of test scores, which measure of central tendency would likely be the most affected by a couple of extremely high scores?

E. mean

12

Which lobes of the brain receive the input that enables you to feel someone scratching your back?

A. Parietal

13

An area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements is called the...

C. Motor cortex

14

After he suffered a stroke, mr. santores physical coordination skills and responsiveness to sensory stimulation quickly returned to normal. Unfortunately, however, he began to experience unusual difficultly figuring out how to find his way to various locations in his neighborhood. It is most likely that mr. Santore suffered damage to his....

D. Association areas

15

To demonstrate that brain stimulation can make a rat violently aggressive, a neuroscientist should electrically stimulate the rat's...

D. Amygdala

16

Animal research has revealed a general reward system that triggers the release of the neurotransmitter...

C. Dopamine

17

Which brain structure receives information from all the senses except smell?

D. Thalamus

18

The sequence of brain regions from the evolutionarily oldest to newest is...

D. Brain stem; limbic system, cerebral cortex

19

When the observed difference between the means of an experimental group and control group are not likely due to chance, researches conclude that this difference is...

D. Statistically significant

20

In 1848, phineas gage, a railroad construction foreman, survived when an explosions drove an iron rod through his head. The once friendly,soft spoken gage became irritable and dishonest. Gage's case provided evidence that which region of the brain plays a role in personality and behavior?

C. Frontal cortex

21

An under supply of the major inhibitory neurotransmitter known as________is linked to seizures.

A. Glutamate

22

The movement of positively charged ions across the membrane of a neuron can produce a...

A. Action potential

23

The minimum level of stimulation required to trigger a neural impulse is called the...

B. Threshold

24

The function of dendrites is to

A. Receive incoming signal from other neurons

25

The tremors of Parkinson's disease result from the death of nerve cells that produce the neurotransmitter...

D. Dopamine

26

The speed at which a neural impulse travels is increased when the axon is encased by a

B. Myelin sheath

27

Sheelah was able to jerk her hand out of the scalding water before sensing any pain because this withdrawal reflex...

D. Was activated by her self-regulating autonomic nervous system

28

Molecules that are similar enough to a neurotransmitter to bind to its receptor sites on a dendrite and block that neurotransmitter's effects are called what?

B. Antagonists

29

Jose has just played a long, bruising football game but feels little fatigue or discomfort. His lack of pain is most likely caused by the release of...

D. Endorphins

30

The spatial junctions where impulses are chemically transmitted from one neuron to another are called

C. Synapses