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Flashcards in United States History Deck (31)
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What was the first permanent English settlement?

Jamestown in 1607


What were the dates of the slave era?

1607-1865 until it was abolished by the 13th ammendment


What year did the French and Indian war end?

The treaty of Paris ended the war in 1763 with Britain emerging as a colonial power


What was the Stamp Act?

The British taxed all paper goods in 1765 which infuriated colonists and contributed to their decision to fight for independence


When did the 13 colonies forge a bond to boycott British goods?

During the first continental congress in late 1774


What was the result of the Second Continental Congress in 1775?

The Continental army was formed under the command of George Washington.


What was the conclusion of the war for independence?

General Cornwallis surrendered to French and colonial troops in Yorktown in 1781


What replaced the articles of confederation?

The constitution replaced it to provide a more effective centralized government.


What are the three branches of government outlined in the articles if the constitution?

Executive (president), legislative (congress), and judicial (courts)


What comprises the constitution?

The preamble and the articles. Article five explains the process to amend the document.


What were some causes of the civil war?

Slavery, economics (trade tariffs negatively impacting the south), social belief (reform centered on abolitionism) and political (Lincoln voted to be president, states wanting to enter union)


Which was the first state to secede upon Lincoln's inauguration in 1861?

South Carolina with several more states to follow soon after


What was the first significant offensive action in the Civil war?

The confederacy's capture if fort Sumter in April of 1861.


What battle ended the civil war?

The battle if Appomattox on April 9, 1865. Robert E Lee surrenders to Ulysses S Grant with other southern commanders to follow.


What was the period directly after the civil war starting in 1865?

The Reconstruction era which was characterized by the rebuilding of southern infrastructure, the re-inter gratin of southern states into the United States and hostility in the south to newly freed slaves.


What type if growth marked the post-Reconstruction era?

Industrial, economic and population


WWI fueled what type of growth?

Industrial growth was seen as American industries supplied armed forces with munitions, vehicles and equipment


What event ushered in the Great Depression?

The stock market crash in 1929.


What helped Americans start the rise out if the Great Depression?

FDR's new deal. America totally recovered by the start of WW2 as wartime industries revitalized the economy


What were some notable events during the decades long Cold War?

Korean War 1950, Cuban Missile Crises, construction of Berlin Wall in 1961.


What are three notable events in the struggle for Equality?

Thurgood Marshall appointed to Supreme Court by Lyndon B Johnson in 1967, Brown vs BOE of Topeka ends "separate but equal" in 1954, the Civil Rights Act make racial discrimination illegal in 1964


14th ammendment

Have equal protection to all citizens regardless of race.


15th ammendment

Allowed voting rights for all males regardless of race.


What religious leader helped solve the conflict between US and Soviet Union during the Cold War?

Pope John Paul II


Plessy v. Ferguson

Set standard of "separate but equal" 1896


What year did the Supreme Court decide the case of Brown v. BOE?

1954. Ended separate but equal b/c violated 14th amendment


What amendment barred the poll tax?

The 24th amendment ratified in 1964.


What 1820 bill regulated slave trade in the western territories?

The Missouri compromise.


What military commander is known for his "March to the Sea?"

Union General William T. Sherman who moved his army from Atlanta to Savannah, burning crops, buildings and wreaking destruction.


What river runs along the Mason-Dixon Line and separates Indiana from Kentuky?

The Ohio river.