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Flashcards in Universal or Relative? Deck (25)
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1

When was the UN established?

In 1945, following WW2

2

When was the UN declaration of Human Rights?

1948

3

What does the UN declaration of Human Rights say all humans are?

Born free and equal in rights

4

Does the universal declaration hold in a court of law?

No, only an ideal adopted by certain states into their constitution

5

What does it mean for rights to be universal?

Hold the same human rights regardless of wherever you go

6

What does universality fail to recognise?

The diversity of views in the world

7

What does a common set of human rights allow for?

A standard by which all can be judged

8

What is an issue with understanding of human rights?

Different countries have different understandings of them

9

What makes 'universal' human rights difficult to achieve?

Socio-cultural diversity

10

What do universalists believe about human rights?

They should be held irrespective of social identity, nationality, residence and these rights should remain unchanged

11

What do universalists believe rights are in respect to society?

Abstract from society

12

What do cultural relativists argue about the world?

There are vast differences in culture which make universal human rights hard to achieve

13

It is hard to decide whether a practice violates rights without...

Reference to our own socio-cultural norms and values

14

What does FGM stand for?

Female genital circumcision

15

FGM for cultures outside the west

Natural procedure, can be perceived as a symbol of virginity which ensures that they will be married

16

FGM to western cultures

A breach of human rights as young girls have no choice

17

What is the issue with condoning a practice outside your own culture?

We don't have any basis in criticising practices of other cultures for violating human rights as our perception of human rights is based on what the west consider to be right

18

Practices may seem abusive in our society but...

Normal in another culture

19

What does the argument that human rights are universal fail to represent?

The diversity of cultures and views in the world

20

What do some argue universalist arguments amount to?

Cultural imperialism

21

Ethnocentrisms

Believing your culture is superior

22

What do cultural relativists argue?

There is a danger in failing to recognise the variance of ideas about rights and wrongs in the world

23

What could a failure to recognise cultural differences result in?

Human wrongs being committed

24

What do universalists argue could happen without a common set of human rights?

Without legitimate moral force and understanding there could be violations such as genocides

25

What should human rights be instead of imposed?

Discussed