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Flashcards in Upper And Lower MFR Deck (11)
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Layer palpation includes what layers


Adipose tissue

Superficial fascia



Deep fascia



Rotator cuff muscle actions and innervation reminder

- C5 (Suprascapular nerve)
- function is abduction

- C5 (Suprascapular nerve)
- function is external rotation

Teres minor
- C5 (axillary nerve)
- function is external rotation

- C6 (subscapularis nerve)
- function is internal rotation


Indications for indirect scapular release

Shoulder restriction in ROM

Shoulder pain

Minor rotator cuff sprains/strains

Upper thoracic pain

Cervical pain

Somatic dysfunction present


Positioning for scapular MFR

Caudad hand
- place thumbs on lateral border
- place fingers on medial border
- inferior angle of scapula is in the palm

Cephalad hand
- thumbs on lateral border
- place fingers on medial border
- scapular spine is in the palm

Motions are
- superior/inferior
- medial/lateral
- clockwise/counterclockwise


Indications for direct upper extremity MFR

Shoulder pain

Adhesive capsulits (frozen shoulder)

Elbow/hand pain

Non-cardiogenic rib/chest pain


Contraindications for direct upper extremity MFR


Recent shoulder dislocation


Direct upper extremity MFR placement

Patient is prone w/ feet off table

Patients head should be turned to most comfortable side
- towards the shoulder being worked on is indirect
- away from shoulder being worked on is direct

Patient hands and arms are comfortably placed over the sides of the table

Physician hands firmly around the glenohumeral attachments w/ thumbs immediately lateral to the AC joint
- fingers of one hand is firmly contacting the pec major attachments anteriorly
- fingers of the other hand is firmly contacting the teres minor/infraspinatus attachments posterior

Motions are
- compression/ distraction
- internal and external rotation
- anterior/ posterior (w/ sheer towards floor or ceiling)


Radius position in pronation and supination

-Distal Radius (close to the wrist) crosses over the ulna and moves ANTERIOR and MEDIALLY
- proximal radius (radial head) glides posterior

- distal radius moves under the ulna and moves posterior and lateral
- proximal radius (radial head) glides anterior


Cubical tunnel syndrome includes what nerve?

Ulnar never through the guyons tunnel
- presents with numbness and tingling of the medial hand
- often associated with thoracic inlet syndrome, heavy lifting, trauma to elbow and consistently flexed elbows


Indications for wrist/forearm and elbow release

Forearm, elbow or wrist pain/strain

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Cubical tunnel syndrome

Medial/lateral epicondylitis


Hand placement for wrist/forearm and elbow MFR

One hand grasps the patients hand so that the fingers are on the flexor surface and the thumb is on the extensor surface

The other hand grasps the patients forearm distal to the elbow

- elbow flexion/extension
- wrist flex/extension
- wrist abduction/adduction
- wrist pronation/supination
*note also add compression/traction through forearm to tightened barrier further*