Upper GI bleeding Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Upper GI bleeding Deck (2)
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1

Define;

  • Coffe-ground vomit
  • Haematemesis
  • Melaena

Coffe-ground vomit - dark brown, denatured blood vomit

Haemetemesis - vomiting of blood

Melaena - black motions, often like tar, characteristic smell

 

2

What are common causes of upper GI bleeds?

What are some rarer causes?

  • Peptic ulcers
  • Mallory Weiss tear
  • Oesophageal varices
  • Gastritis/ gastric erosions
  • Drugs (NSAIDs, aspirin, steroids, thrombolytics, anticoagulants)
  • Oesophagitis
  • Malignancy
  • No obv cause

Some rarer causes;

  • Bleeding causes
  • Portal hypertensive gastropathy
  • Aorto-enteric fistula