Urban - KQ1 (characteristics) Flashcards Preview

Human Geog = Rural and Urban > Urban - KQ1 (characteristics) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Urban - KQ1 (characteristics) Deck (7):
1

What are the general characteristics?

- Large population (dense) = 2000-10,000
- Extensive area of built up/developed land
- Large range of services = services/manufacturing over agriculture

2

Define urbanisation

The rise in the proportion of a population living in urban areas

3

What are the elements of the urbanisation process?

- Shift in economy from farming and primary sector to services/manufacturing (secondary/tertiary/quaternary)
- Concentrated/dense population
- Urban sprawl

4

What are the types of urban change?

RURAL-URBAN = over 50% in urban, massive growth
MEDC-LEDC = fastest rates of urbanisation in developing world (china, india)
SHIFT IN SIZE = rapid urbanisation = urban sprawl = give rise to urban areas

5

Define a megacity

A city or urban agglomeration with a population of 10 million or more inhabitants

6

What are the environmental factors affecting land use pattern?

LOCATION OF RIVER/COASTLINE
- Aesthetic value for residents/tourists
- Easy for transport (eg Guangdong in China)
- However = liable to flooding (should be left as natural ecosystem)
RELIEF
- Flat land = heavy industry (factories)

7

What are the economic factors affecting land use pattern?

LAND COST (Bid Rent Theory)
- City centre is most expensive = accessible (demand/supply) = only commercial can afford = high rise buildings
- Residential on outskirts (cheaper)
TRANSPORT
- Industry surrounded by good transport
- Retail = near consumers/customers