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Flashcards in Urinary System Deck (31)
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1

T/F Components of the Urinary system include 2 kidneys, 2 ureters, 1 urinary badder & one urethra

True

2

T/F The kidneys store urine

False - the kidneys produce urine - they do not store it

3

T/F The kidneys produce and release calcitrol & erythropoietin, regulate blood composition & PH, blood volume & pressure & maintenance of blood osmolarity

True

4

Urea, bilirubin, ammonia and creatine are waste products normally secreted by the ____________

kidneys

5

Is glucose a waste product secreted by the kidneys?

NO

6

The ______________ are retroperitoneal and are attached to the posterior abdominal wall

kidneys

7

The layer of the kidney superficial to the renal pyramids but deep to the renal capsule is the _________ _______________

renal cortex

8

The papillary duct, minor calyx, major calyx, renal pelvis is the order in which _________ would normally pass thru the body

urine

9

The blood vessels that supply the kidneys are the __________ ___________, receive 20-25% of resting cardiac output via right and left _______ __________

renal arteries

10

T/F Nephrons are the functional units of the kidneys

True

11

Most of the nephrons are located entirely in the _____________________

Parenchyma

12

There are about a _________________ nephrons in each kidney

million

13

The order in which a ___________ of _________ would normally pass thru nephrons is 1. glomerulus, 2. glomerular capsule, 3. prox convoluted tubule, 4, descending loop of henle, 5. ascending loop of henle, 6. distal convoluted tubule, 7. collecting duct & last papillary duct

molecule of water

14

T/F Loss of 10% of a persons kidney function may not result in clinically observable effects

True

15

T/F As a person grown, the # of nephrons in their kidney changes

False - # of nephrons stays constant

16

T/F If one kidney is removed, the other nephrons in the other kidney will hypertrophy

True

17

Which of these will not cross the filtration membrane? - Small proteins, water, platelets, ions or monosacharides

platelets

18

A patient has both systemic lupus erythematosus, which has damaged her liver, and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, which has damaged her kidneys. As the diseases have progressed the edema she experiences has worsened. Why?

Liver damage prevents her from making sufficient plasma proteins, & Kidney damage allows some of her plasma proteins to be excreted, both lowering the BCOP

19

The hormone with the most important role in regulating Na+ & K+ balance is _____________

aldosterone

20

_______ is important in regulating water reabsoption

ADH

21

_______ is important in regulating blood calcium levels

PTH

22

_________________ is important in regulating testosterone/dihydrotestosterone

Androgen

23

_________________ is a beneficial test in evaluating kidney function

Urinalysis

24

T/F The ureters are separated from the urinary bladder by an anatomical valve

False

25

T/F The ureters transport urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder

True

26

The _____________ are lined with a mucous membrane, have a middle muscular layer and an outer serosa.

uteters

27

T/F The Ureters enter the Urinary bladder of the posterior

True

28

T/F The ureters rely on gravity & hydrostatic pressure to move urine

True

29

The ___________ serves both reproductive & urinary system functions in males

Urethra

30

The urethra has an opening between the ___________ & __________ orifice in females

clitoris & vagina