Urinary Tract Infections Flashcards Preview

Microbiology 39 > Urinary Tract Infections > Flashcards

Flashcards in Urinary Tract Infections Deck (12):
1

Types of Urinary Tract Infections

-Cystitis
-Pyelonephritis
-Urethritis

2

Cystitis

-Urine flow is reduced or bacteria are accidentally introduced into the bladder

3

Pyelonephritis

Infection of the kidneys

4

Urethritis

Infection limited to the urethra

5

Signs and Symptoms for UTI

-Pain
-Frequent urges to urinate, even when the bladder is empty
-Dysuria: burning pain urination
-Urine cloudy- bacteria and white blood cells
-Hematuria: presence of blood in the urine
-Low-grade fever and nausea

6

Signs and Symptoms for pyelonephritis

-Back pain
-High fever
-Permanent Kidney damage

7

Causative Agents for UTI

-Catheter-associated UTIs (CA-UTIs
-Escherichia coli is responsible for 80% of these.
-Staphylococcus saprophyticus -Enterococcus are common culprits.

8

Transmission for UTI

-GI tract to the urinary system
-More common in women cause urethra closer to anus

9

Epidemiology for UTI

-Many women experience “recurrent urinary tract infections
-E coli hide in deep tissue

10

Why is Catheter-associated UTIs so common?

E. coli, S. saprophyticus, Enterococcus, and Klebsiella

11

Treatment for UTI

-Sulfa drugs
-Trimethoprim
-Sulfamethoxazole
-Non-antibiotic drug phenazopyridine (Pyridium)

12

What is resistant to E. coli?

Penicillin

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