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Flashcards in Urology Deck (30):
1

Can be ligated from the IVC secondary to increased collaterals

Left renal vein

2

Most common cause of acute renal insufficiency following surgery

Hypotension

3

Dx modality that demonstrate stones and associated hydronephrosis

Abdominal CT

4

Most common renal stones in order

1) Calcium oxalate
2) Mg ammonium phosphate
3) Uric acid
4) Cysteine

5

Renal stone that is lucent to opaque

Cysteine

6

Calcium oxalate stones increase in patients with

Terminal ileal resection

7

Renal stone that can increase in: Ileostomies

Uric acid

8

Renal stone that can increase in: Gout

Uric acid

9

Renal stone that can increase in: Myeloproliferative disorders

Uric acid

10

Indications for kidney stone surgery (4)

1) Intractable pain or infection
2) Progressive obstruction
3) Progressive renal damage
4) Solitary kidney

11

T/F Most kidneys are opaque

T

12

Size of stone that is not likely to be passed in urine

>6mm

13

#1 primary tumor of kidney

RCC

14

RCC: Risk factor

Smoking

15

RCC: Fraction of patients with metastasis at diagnosis

1/3

16

RCC: T/F Wedge resection can be performed on isolated lung and colon masses

T

17

T/F Gerota's fascia covers the adrenal glands

T

18

Taken away in radical nephrectomy

1) All contents within the Gerota's fascia
2) Regional LN

19

RCC: T/F Tumor thrombus can be pulled out of the IVC

T

20

Management for RCC

Radical nephrectomy

21

Most common metastatic tumor to the kidney

Breast

22

Management for transitional cell CA of renal pelvis

Radical nephroureterectomy

23

Usual bladder CA

Transitional cell CA

24

Urinary bladder CA: Most common symptom

Painless hematuria

25

Urinary bladder CA: Most common in

Males

26

Urinary bladder CA: Risk factors

1) Smoking
2) Aniline dyes
3) Cyclophosphamide
4) Chronic cystitis

27

Urinary bladder CA: Most effective immunotherapy for treating early-stage bladder CA

Intravesical BCG

28

Important in surgery of ureters in ureteral trauma

Avoid stripping soft tissue so as not to compromise blood supply

29

Paraneoplastic syndrome in RCC is associated with what hormones (4)

1) EPO
2) PTHrp
3) ACTH
4) Insulin

30

SCC of bladder is associated with infection with what organism

Schistosoma haematobium