Urology, C76 P743-766 Flashcards Preview

Section III Subspecialty Surgery P517 > Urology, C76 P743-766 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Urology, C76 P743-766 Deck (258)
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1

Define the following terms:
Cystogram
P743

Contrast study of the bladder

2

Define the following terms:
Ureteral stents
P743

Plastic tubes placed via cystoscope into
the ureters for stenting, identification, etc.

3

Define the following terms:
Cystoscope
P743

Scope placed into the urethra and into
the bladder to visualize the bladder

4

Define the following terms:
Perc nephrostomy
P743

Catheter placed through the skin into the
kidney pelvis to drain urine with distal
obstruction, etc.

5

Define the following terms:
Retrograde pyelogram
P743

Dye injected into the ureter up into the
kidney, and films taken

6

Define the following terms:
RUG
P744

Retrograde UrethroGram (dye injected
into the urethra and films taken; rules out
urethral injury, usually in trauma patients)

7

Define the following terms:
Gomco clamp
P744

Clamp used for circumcision; protects
penis glans

8

Define the following terms:
Bell clapper’s deformity
P744

Condition of congenital absence of
gubernaculum attachment to scrotum

9

Define the following terms:
Fournier’s gangrene
P744

Extensive tissue necrosis/infection of the
perineum in patients with diabetes

10

Define the following terms:
Foley catheter
P744

Straight bladder catheter placed through
the urethra

11

Define the following terms:
Coudé catheter
P744

Basically, a Foley catheter with hook on
the end to get around a large prostate

12

Define the following terms:
Suprapubic catheter
P744

Bladder catheter placed through the skin
above the pubic symphysis into the bladder

13

Define the following terms:
Posthitis
P744

Foreskin infection

14

Define the following terms:
Hydrocele
P744

Clear fluid in the processus vaginalis
membrane

15

Define the following terms:
Communicating
hydrocele
P744 (picture)

Hydrocele that communicates with
peritoneal cavity and, thus, gets smaller
and larger as fluid drains and then
reaccumulates

16

Define the following terms:
Noncommunicating
hydrocele
P745 (picture)

Hydrocele that does not communicate
with the peritoneal cavity; hydrocele
remains the same size

17

Define the following terms:
Varicocele
P745

Abnormal dilation of the pampiniform
plexus to the spermatic vein in the spermatic
cord; described as a “bag of worms”

18

Define the following terms:
Spermatocele
P745

Dilatation of epididymis or vas deferens

19

Define the following terms:
Epididymitis
P745

Infection of the epididymis

20

Define the following terms:
Prehn’s sign
P745

Elevation of the painful testicle that
reduces the pain of epididymitis

21

Define the following terms:
TRUS
P745

TransRectal UltraSound

22

Define the following terms:
DRE
P745

Digital Rectal Examination

23

Define the following terms:
Orchitis
P745

Inflammation/infection of the testicle

24

Define the following terms:
Pseudohermaphroditism
P745

Genetically one sex; partial or complete
opposite-sex genitalia

25

Define the following terms:
Urgency
P745

Overwhelming sensation to void
immediately

26

Define the following terms:
Dysuria
P745

Painful urination (usually burning
sensation)

27

Define the following terms:
Frequency
P745

Urination more frequently than usual

28

Define the following terms:
Polyuria
P746

Urination in larger amounts than usual

29

Define the following terms:
Nocturia
P746

Awakening to urinate

30

Define the following terms:
Hesitancy
P746

Delay in urination