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Italian Wine Scholar Unit 1: The Wines of Northern Italy > Valle d'Aosta > Flashcards

Flashcards in Valle d'Aosta Deck (50)
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1

How has France affected the history of Valle d'Aosta?

Valle d'Aosta was absorbed into the Frankish Kingdown in the 6th century. French and Italian are both spoken, and wines use French terms and names

2

What factors influence the climate of Valle d'Aosta?

Elevation, the Alps, and the Dora Baltea river

3

How does elevation affect the viticultural practices of Valle d'Aosta?

Pergola is used to maximize sun exposure. In high areas, pergolas are low to the ground and supported by rocks to maximize heat and reflected sunlight exposure

4

Describe the geology of Valle d'Aosta

Landscape formed by glaciers. Slopes soils are shallow limestone or schist with low water retention. Valley soils are alluvial with gravel

5

Where are most vineyards planted in Valle d'Aosta?

On terraces carved into steep Alpine slopes on the north (south-facing) side of the Dora Baltea river to maximize sun exposure

6

How is the Valle d'Aosta valley subdivided? What distinguishes these subregions?

Alta Valle (Upper Valley), Valle Centrale (Central Valley), Bassa Valle (Lower Valley). Regions are distinguished by elevation, temperature, rainfall, and varieties grown

7

What are the most widely planted varieties in Valle d'Aosta?

Petit Rouge and Nebbiolo

8

Which varieties are native to Valle d'Aosta? Which are "traditional"?

Prié Blanc, Petit Rouge, and Fumin are native. Petite Arvine and Nebbiolo are "traditional"

9

What are the hallmark characteristics of Valle d'Aosta wines?

Single-varietal, easy-drinking, and unique. Reds are fruity and spicy, whites are floral and fruity

10

What is the difference between late harvest and passito?

Late-harvest wines are made from overripe grapes, passito wines are made from air-dried grapes

11

How are single-variety wines from Valle d'Aosta labeled?

Valle d'Aosta DOC Varietal Name

12

How are wines from the Valle d'Aosta subzones labeled?

Valle d'Aosta DOC Subzone Name

13

How are Valle d'Aosta DOC wines labeled?

Valle d'Aosta DOC followed by generic color, subzone, or varietal

14

From west to east, name the subzones of Valle d'Aosta DOC

Blanc de Morgex et de la Salle, Enfer d'Arvier, Torrette, Nus, Chambave, Arnad-Montjovet, Donnas. Seven in all.

15

Describe the wines of Blanc de Morgex et de La Salle

Mainly dry whites made from ungrafted Prié Blanc in the Upper Valley of Valle d'Aosta. Light, floral, high in acid, notes of mountain herbs and hay. Some traditional method sparkling also produced.

16

Describe the wines of Donnas

Red wines made from at least 85% Nebbiolo in the Lower Valley of the Valle d'Aosta around the town of Donnas. Minimum 24 months aging, at least 10 in oak. Most prestigious Nebbiolo Valle d'Aosta subzone

17

Describe the wines of Chambave

Three different wines from the Central Valley of Valle d'Aosta: red from at least 70% Petit Rouge (Chambave), dry white from Moscato Bianco (Chambave Moscato), and sweet passito from Moscato Bianco (Chambave Moscato Pasito)

18

Describe the wines of Torrette

Red wine from at least 70% Petit Rouge in the Central Valley of Valle d'Aosta. Largest of the subzones and accounts for the majority of DOC production

19

Which Italian region produces the smallest amount of wine?

Valle d'Aosta

20

What is the smallest Italian region?

Valle d'Aosta

21

What borders Valle d'Aosta?

Switzerland to the north, France to the west, Piemonte to the south and east

22

What are the main topographical features of Valle d'Aosta?

The Alps (notably Monte Bianco), and the Dora Baltea river

23

What are the main varieties of the Central Valley of Valle d'Aosta?

Petit Rouge, Premetta, and Fumin

24

What are the main varieties of the Lower Valley of Valle d'Aosta?

Nebbiolo

25

What is the climate of Valle d'Aosta?

Continental with alpine influence

26

Is mechanization possible in Valle d'Aosta?

No

27

What percentage of wine production in Valle d'Aosta is red?

80%

28

Describe Prié Blanc

Pale color, light body, steely acidity, strong minerality. Aromas of white flowers, green apple, mountain hay, and herbs. Only white variety native to Valle d'Aosta and most widely planted

29

Describe Petite Arvine

Straw yellow, high acidity, high extract, high alcohol. Aromas of grapefruit, pear, tropical fruit, saline. Swiss origin but traditional to Valle d'Aosta

30

Describe Petit Rouge

Dark, medium-bodied wines with good acidity and aromas of red flowers, fresh red fruit, almonds, spice. Indigenous to Valle d'Aosta and most widely-planted variety

31

Describe Nebbiolo from Valle d'Aosta

Paler and less structured than Piemontese Nebbiolo, with rose and tar notes

32

What is picotendro?

Valle d'Aosta name for Nebbiolo

33

Describe Fumin

Deep ruby, full-bodied, high acid and tannin, aromas of red fruit, herbs, pepper, sweet spice. Traditionally a blending grape, now made as a single varietal. Benefits from oak

34

What are the aging requirements for Valle d'Aosta DOC?

Five months for reds, none for whites

35

Is there an IGP in Valle d'Aosta?

No

36

What percentage of Valle d'Aosta wine production comes from cooperatives?

75%

37

Who are the Viticulteurs Encaveurs?

Quality-minded association of Valle d'Aosta growers who bottle their own wines (instead of contributing to a cooperative)

38

What is the Valle d'Aosta name for Nebbiolo

Picotendro

39

What is the predominant grape of Arnad-Montjovet?

Nebbiolo

40

Which subzone of Valle d'Aosta is unaffected by phylloxera?

Blanc de Morgex et de la Salle

41

What is the predominant grape of Blanc de Morgex et de la Salle?

Prié Blanc

42

What is the predominant grape of Torrette?

Petit Rouge

43

How many DOCs in Valle d'Aosta?

1

44

How many DOCGs in Valle d'Aosta?

0

45

What does fletri mean on a label from Valle d'Aosta?

Passito-style wine

46

Where is the traditional home for Moscato in Valle d'Aosta?

Chambave

47

What is the major river of Valle d'Aosta?

Dora Baltea

48

What is Malvoise in Valle d'Aosta?

Pinot Grigio

49

What is the predominant grape of Donnas?

Nebbiolo

50

Identify the subzones of Valle d'Aosta