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NPTE Neuro > Vestibular > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vestibular Deck (16)
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1

What is the Vestibuloocular Reflex (VOR)?

Head/eye movement coordination --> maintains stable image

2

What is the Vestibulospinal Reflex (VSR)?

- VSR attempts to stabilize the body and control movement
- Stability of head when moving and with trunk in upright postures

3

What are the characteristics of Peripheral Vertigo?

- Episodic & short duration
- Autonomic symptoms present
- Precipitating factor
- Pallor, Sweating
- Auditory fullness
- Tinnitus

4

What are the characteristics of Central Vertigo?

- Autonomic Symptoms LESS severe than central
- Loss of consciousness can occur
- Neurological symptoms present including:
*Diplopia
*Hemianopsia
*Weakness
*Numbness
*Ataxia
*Dysarthria

5

Is the following condition Central Vertigo, Peripheral Vertigo or both?

BPPV

Peripheral

6

Is the following condition Central Vertigo, Peripheral Vertigo or both?

Meningitis

Central

7

Is the following condition Central Vertigo, Peripheral Vertigo or both?

Migraine Headache

Central

8

Is the following condition Central Vertigo, Peripheral Vertigo or both?

Complications or neurologic origin post ear infections

Central

9

Is the following condition Central Vertigo, Peripheral Vertigo or both?

Meniere's Disease

Peripheral

10

Is the following condition Central Vertigo, Peripheral Vertigo or both?

Infection

Peripheral

11

Is the following condition Central Vertigo, Peripheral Vertigo or both?

Trauma/Tumor

Both central and peripheral

12

Is the following condition Central Vertigo, Peripheral Vertigo or both?

Cerebellar Degeneration Disorders (ex: alcoholism)

Central

13

Is the following condition Central Vertigo, Peripheral Vertigo or both?

Metabolic Disorders (ex: DM)

Peripheral

14

Is the following condition Central Vertigo, Peripheral Vertigo or both?

Acute alcohol intoxication

Peripheral

15

Is the following condition Central Vertigo, Peripheral Vertigo or both?

Multiple Sclerosis

Central

16

What is Nystagmus?

Abnormal eye movement: nonvolitional, rhythmic oscillation of the eyes