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Flashcards in Vet Sci IV Deck (74):
1

AMBU bag use and how to hook it up

used to ventilate pt with O2 during CPCR
O2 goes in small hole in rear of bag
large hole connects to the patients ET tube

2

Borderline Hypoxia O2 Sat. values

O2 saturation 90-95%

3

Hypoxia O2 Sat. values

<90% O2 saturation

4

Cyanosis O2 Sat. values

<85% O2 saturation

5

What does CPCR stand for?

CardioPulmonary
Cerebrovascular
Resuscitation

6

How to place a patient for CPCR

R lateral
hands at elbow

7

How many compressions/min for CPCR on a small/medium patient?

80-120/min

8

How many compressions/min for CPCR on a large/deep chested patient?

80-100/min

9

Shock blood volume rates

Dogs: 88ml/kg/hr
Cats: 66ml/kg/hr

10

ECG leads

White- Right axillary
Green- Right inguinal
Black- Left axillary
Red- Left inguinal
Tan- chest

11

How to treat Ventricular Asystole

CPCR
Epinephrine
Atropine

12

How to treat Sinus Arrhythmia

Normal in dogs, but if under anesthesia increase gas

13

How to treat sinus Bradycardia


Anticholinergic

14

How to treat sinus tachycardia

treat by addressing underlying cause

15

How to treat V-fib

treat with Defibrillator

16

How to treat V-tach

Lidocaine drip in anesthesia or propanolol

17

How to treat VPC or PCV

treat underlying cause
increase oxygen/decrease gas
try lidocaine drip
notify Dr.

18

How to treat second degree AV block

Anticholinergic if under anesthesia

can be normal in horses

19

if the ECG tape is 50mm per second then multiply beats by

20

20

if the ECG tape is 25mm per second then multiply beats by

10

21

How to treat third degree AV block

pacemaker

22

Systolic murmur

lub-swoosh-dub

23

Diastolic murmur

Lub-dub-swoosh

24

3 murmur causes

Valvular insufficiency
Valvular stenosis
PDA

25

3 ways the heart compensates for murmurs

increase HR
Hypertrophy
dilate chambers

26

Gingivitis

inflammation of gingiva

27

Periodontal dz

bacterial infection in periodontal pocket

28

Gingival sulcus

the groove formed between the neck and gingiva

29

Apical delta

where the blood vessels and nerves exit and enter

30

Neck lesions

progressive resorption of tooth structure

31

Gingival recession

measured with periodontal probe

32

Brachygnathism

overbite

33

Prognathism

underbite

34

Buccal

surface towards cheek

35

Labial

surface towards lips

36

Lingual

surface towards tongue

37

occlusal

surface in contact with other tooth

38

Sulcus

where gingiva meets the crown
Cat normal= 0-1mm
Dog normal= 0-3mm

39

Dog dental formula

2(I3/3 C1/1 P4/4 M2/3)=42 teeth

40

Cat dental formula

2(I3/3 C1/1 P3/2 M1/1)=30 teeth

41

5 Signs of oxygen toxicity

Pulmonary edema
Hemorrhage
Atelectasis
Fibrosis of the lungs
Blindess

42

6 Methods of 02 delivery

Nasal catheter
Flow-by
Mask
Oxyhood
Intratracheal cath
O2 cage

43

Sensible fluid loss includes what 4 things?

urine
blood
vomit
diarrhea

44

Insensible fluid loss includes what 3 things?

perspiration
respiration
fecal material

45

Crystalloids

water with sodium or glucose
most common

46

Dental numbering system

100s= upper right
200s= upper left
300s= lower left
400s=lower right

4 always canine
9 always first molar

47

IVC placement and length of use

through the needle catheter
jugular
long term

48

5 urinary catheter uses

To obtain bacterial culture
Routine U/A
Measure urine output
Relieve obstruction
Instill meds

French units

49

What direction do you wrap a bandage?

wrap distal to proximal
pad bony parts and pressure points

50

Colloids

fluids with high molecular weight that do not leave vasculature readily

51

Robert Jones

Immobilize a fracture

52

Velpeau Sling

Forelimb luxation

53

Theobromine toxicity Signs & Treatment

Overstimulation of CNS
Cardiotoxicity
Renal failure
Anxiousness
Ataxia
V/D

Tx= induce vomiting , gastric lavage, charcoal

54

Ehmer Sling

Back leg luxation

55

Rodenticide treatment

Induce vomiting
Activated charcoal
Whole blood transfusion
Vit. K

56

Acetaminophen toxicity in cats

Converts to hgb and is unable to carry O2
Toxic dose is 50-60mg/kg

57

Xylitol is a ____ that can cause a ____ in dogs leading to a ____ in blood glucose

Sugar substitute
rapid increase of insulin
decrease

58

Snake venom symptoms

face swelling
renal failure
clotting

59

3 types of shock

Compensated
Decompensated
Irreversible

60

How to induce vomiting for emergency call from home

1tsp/10lbs Hydrogen Peroxide or dish soap if H2O2 unavailable

61

Bulk cathartics

stimulate evacuation by increasing fecal volume

62

Lubricant cathartic

acts by softening feces and reducing friction

63

Osmotic cathartics

increases H2O content to intestines

64

Stimulant cathartics

increases motility

65

Acute IVD dz.

Younger pts.

66

Chronic IVD dz.

Older and larger pts.

67

Idiopathic vestibular dz.

neurological equipment that tells us where we are in relationship to the ground
recover in 72 hours, normal in 3-6weeks

68

LRS is a [Colloid/Crystalloid]

Colloid

69

Hetastarch is a [Colloid/Crystalloid]

Crystalloid

70

Normosol is a [Colloid/Crystalloid]

Colloid

71

Plasma is a [Colloid/Crystalloid]

Crystalloid

72

0.9% NaCl is a [Colloid/Crystalloid]

Colloid

73

What are the ABCDs of CPCR?

A= Airway
B= Breathing
C= Circulation
D= Drugs

74

Blood volume in cats & dogs?

88ml/kg
66ml/kg