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Flashcards in Violence Deck (12):

Definition of violence:

According to World Health Organization (WHO), violence is the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against a person, group or community, that either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, or psychological harm...


“Physical force of power” includes __________,

Neglect, and all types of physical, sexual, and psychological abuse, as well as suicide and other self-abusive acts


Consequences of violence can be ____________.

Immediate, latent, and can last for years after the abuse


Greater than ____________ lives lost per year due to violence

1.5 million


Most perpetrators of violence are _____________.

Victims and are close to the victims (e.g. friends, acquaintances) to whom they direct violence.


What’s the largest threat of violence?

Suicide ranks highest, then homicide and other conflicts including war


Violence is _____________?!



Factors contributing to violence include:

Poverty, income, alcohol and substance use, absence of stable interpersonal relationships, inequality in all of its manifestations (including race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, etc)


Consequences of violence:

Injury (short term, long term)
High risk behaviors (e.g. alcohol, substance use, smoking, unsafe sex, daredevil behaviors, texting, etc)
Physical health (e.g. across body systems and diseases)
Psychological (depression, anxiety, anger, erosion of personal and group security and safety)
Social (family disruption, community unease, etc)


Categories of violence:

1) self directed violence: suicidal behavior, self-abuse, self-injury
2) interpersonal violence: family and intimate partner violence, community violence
3) collective violence: social, political, this category, violence is committed by larger entities (e.g. states, governments, etc


Effective strategies for violence prevention:

Violence prevention education
Life skills training,
Reducing alcohol and substance use availability,
Resulting access to guns
Promoting equality in all its forms,
Changing norms that support violence


Approaches to violence (3 total)

1) Criminal justice (e.g. enforcing laws, identify offenders, consequences for enacting violence....)
2) Public health (e.g. science-driven, interdisciplinary, primary prevention (preventing violence before it occurs), secondary prevention (more immediate responses), and tertiary prevention (long term care post violence)
3) Human rights (e.g. local, regional, international treaties, MOUs, etc)