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Flashcards in Study Guide #1 Information Deck (47):
1

(Memorize) “Is the client before me behaving in strange, peculiar, or pathological ways, or........?”

.......is the client before me behaving adaptively to strange, peculiar, or pathological situations....?”

2

Frank Parsons

-Structural career theorist
-Founding Father of the Vocational Guidance Movement

3

Jesse B Davis

Person who provided the first organized and systematic guidance program

4

John Holland

-structural career theorist
-Holland Codes and Holland Hexagon

5

Holland Codes

People work best in environments that match their preferences/personalities

6

Holland Hexagon
(RIASEC)

Realistic
Investigative
Artistic
Social
Enterprising
Conventional

7

Donald E Super

-developmental theorist
-People change over time and seek career satisfaction through work roles in which they can express themselves and implement and maintain self-concept

8

Donald E Super (Stages/CSISCR)

Crystallization (14-18)
Specification (18-21)
Implementation (21-24)
Stabilization (24-35)
Consolidation
Readiness for retirement (55+)

9

John Krumboltz (development theorist)

-developed planned happenstance
-theory of career decision-making based on principles of social learning, environmental conditions, genetics, and learning experiences
-focused on decision making relative to unexpected events

10

Planned happenstance (John Krumboltz) (CFOP)

Counselors should facilitate:
Curiosity
Perspective
Flexibility
Optimism

11

Three principles of career choice:

1) clear understanding of yourself, aptitude’s, interests, ambitions, limitations, resources, resources and causes
2) knowledge of the requirements and conditions of success, advantages, and disadvantages, opportunities, and prospects of different lines of work
3) true reasoning of the relationship of the first two principles

12

Three categories/Must Ask Questions

1) Risk
2) Substance Use
3) Abuse

13

Risk:

1) suicide
2) homicide
3) gravely disabled

14

Substance Use

1) alcohol
2) illegal drugs
3) legal/prescription drugs
4) over the counter medicine

15

Abuse:

1) physical
2) sexual
3) emotional

16

Six key features of an effective counselor (CAR WER)

1) Countertransference
2) Ability to tolerate ambiguity
3) Reflexive Practice
4) Working Alliance
5) Empathy
6) Reflexivity

17

Conceptualizing the client:
Does the client simply.....(4 things)

1) want to understand the problem?
2) want a witness to the pain?
3) want to make specific, concrete, and measurable changes?
4) want to sustain the changes articulated?

18

Pre-Counseling (Template for counseling)

1) what do I know about myself?
2) what do I know about my client?

19

During counseling (Template for counseling) (5 things)

1) Assessment
2) Diagnostic Impressions
3) Considered Inventions
4) Chosen Interventions
5) Evaluation of Interventions

20

Evaluation of Interventions (During Counseling, Template for Counseling)

1) self-report
2) observations
3) reports from others

21

Context sensitive across cultures communication: The sender and receiver must co-participate in defining and evaluating what constitutes as:

1) sensitive and proper
2) authentic and appropriate
3) verbal and non-verbal
4) styles and symbolic messages of communication

22

Implicit bias:

Attitudes or stereotypes that affect our understanding, appreciation, and decisions in an unconscious manner. These favorable and unfavorable assessments are activated involuntarily and without an individual’s awareness or intentional control.

23

Stereotype threat:

Situational experience, usually performance based, wherein a person feels at risk for confirming beliefs, attitudes, and characterizations about their cultural, racial, or ethnic group.

24

American School Counselor Association (ASCA Model) (FDMA)

1) Foundations
2) Delivery
3) Management
4) Accountability

25

Foundations (ASCA Model)

Focus on student outcomes and teach student competencies (career, academic, and personal/social development)

26

Delivery (ASCA Model)

Direct services, core curriculum (skills/knowledge/abilities appropriate for developmental level), individual student planning, responsive services, indirect student services (referrals on behalf of student)

27

Management (ASCA Model)

Organized assessments and tools that are concrete and reflective of student needs (time assessments, annual agreements, advisory councils, curriculum, small group, and closing the gap action plans)

28

Accountability (ASCA Model)

1) Using data to show impact on student achievement, attendance and behavior, and analyzing student counseling program to guide future actions and improve future results)
2) No Child Left Behind (2001) focused on accountability for special needs children to reach proficiency in math by 2012

29

Individual with Disabilities Education Act (4 basic rights for special needs children)

1) free appropriate education (FAPE)
2) least restrictive environments
3) supplemental aid and services
4) assessments

30

5 steps to the Individual Education Plan (IEP)
(REDWC)

Referral
Evaluation
Determining eligibility
Writing the IEP
Conducting the IEP meeting

31

13 categories under IEP (SHADIEST B-MOOV)

Specific learning disability
Hearing impairment
Autism
Deafness
Intellectual disability
Emotional disturbance
Speech or language disability
Traumatic brain injury
Blindness
Multiple disabilities
Orthopedic disability
Other health impaired
Visual impairment

32

Career counseling Assesses

Aptitudes
Personality
Interests
Skills

33

Five Factor Model (OCEAN)

Openness
Conscientious
Exraversion
Agreeableness
Neuroticism

34

Eurocentric models

Models of counseling influenced by white, middle-aged, privileged men’s

35

Etic vs Emic (Eurocentric models)

Etic: all Counseling is universal
Emic: Counseling is influenced by larger context, which includes cultural values, lifestyles and world views

36

Inclusive vs exclusive paradigm

Should conversations about multiculturalism only include race or other dimensions (gender, sexual orientation, disability, etc)

37

Ignatian Pedagogy Paradigm
(5 things)


1) all learning is situated within multiple contexts
2) these contexts influence one’s precious and current experience
3) these experiences become more richly appreciated through reflection
4) reflection is made more meaningful when new levels of one’s awareness is translated into action
5) action is reinforced by evaluation of self and impact of service to others

38

Definition of social justice counseling/therapy:

Active philosophy that is aimed at:
1) producing conditions for equal access and opportunity
2) reducing or eliminating disparities in education, health care, employment, and other areas
3) encouraging mental health workers to consider the micro, macro, and meso levels in assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of clients and client systems
4) broadening the role of health professionals to go beyond Counselor/therapist, to include community worker, consultant, change agent, psycho-educator, etc

39

Paulo Freier

Social Justice is an awareness and commitment to changing the social, economic, political and cultural forces that shape individual lives

40

Frantz Fanon

Social Justice is a commitment to individual human rights and a recognition that all people are entitled to moral consideration and that no one is indispensable; concern for the human, social, and cultural consequences for colonization

41

Most of us hide behind ___________.

Egocentric boas: generates the illusion that we are special

42

Power

There is power in social situations and in the social construction of reality

43

Conformity

People conform out of informational needs and normative needs

44

Obedience

Influenced by not knowing how to exit a situation, so follow through to the end in order to escape confronting the authority figure and reconciling additional suffering to victims

45

What are 4 ways to disengage ones morality?

(DIRR)
Disengage or diffusing
Ignore, distort, minimize or disbelief
Redefine
Reconstruct our perception of victims

46

5 things that evil can be?

(MADDOU)
Moral disengagement
Anonymity
Dehumanization
Diffusion of responsibility
Obedience of authority
Unjust systems

47

Unconditional Positive regard

Carl Rogers
Humanistic
Client centered therapy