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Flashcards in School Counseling Deck (35):

School Counselor Definition

A professional working in elementary, middle and high schools to provide academic, career, college readiness and personal/social competencies to all K-12 students through a school counseling program.


School counseling program interventions include.....(4 things)

1) developmental school counseling core curriculum
2) classroom lessons
3) annual academic, career and personal/emotional planning for students
4) group and individual counseling


Outdated terms for school counselor....(3 total)

“guidance counselor”
“Educational counselor”
“Guidance teacher”


School counseling began as.....

Part of the vocational movement at the beginning of the 20th century


Jesse B Davis

Considered to be the person who provided the first organized and systematic school guidance program



The vocational and school counseling movement grew stronger and more recognized



Psychologists and counselors were used extensively to select recruit and train military personnnel


The convergence of several situations and professional movements fueled the growth of the vocational guidance movement and school counseling. The non-exhaustive list of events include: (5 things)

1) World War I & II
2) Intelligence testing (Binet, Terman)
3) Progressive Education (Dewey)
4) Changes in the roles of women & families
5) Educational Act for All Handicapped Children (1975)


When was the Associated School Counselor Association created?



When did the ASCA release the ASCA National Model?



What does ASCA stand for?

The American School Counselor Association


What does the ASCA National Model do?

Provides a framework for a comprehensive, data-driven school counseling program.


What are the 4 quadrants of the ASCA National Model?

1) Foundation
2) Delivery
3) Management
4) Accountability


School counselors create comprehensive counseling programs that focus on... (3 things)

1) student outcomes
2) teach student competencies
3) delivered with identified professional competencies


School counseling programs focus.... (5 areas)

1) identifying personal beliefs
2) addressing how all students benefit from school counseling
3) create vision statements regarding student outcomes
4) create mission statements
5) develop program goals defining how the vision and mission will be measured


School competencies designed around....

Career, academic and personal/social development


School Counselors provide services to students, parents, school staff and community in..... (5 ways) (Delivery quadrant of ASCA National Model)

1) Direct Services (in-person interactions)
2) School Counseling Core Curriculum: (skills, knowledge and abilities to develop competencies appropriate for developmental level, and presented by school counselors in collaboration with teachers)
3) Individual Student Planning (develop personal goals, future plans)
4) Responsive Services
5) Indirect Student Services (e.g., referrals on behalf of student)


Under the Management quadrant of the ASCA Model, one uses.....

Organized assessments and tools that are concrete, clearly delineated, and reflective of school needs.


Assessment tools include: (7 things...) (Management quadrant of the ASCA Model)

1) school counseling competencies and school counseling program assessments
2) use of time assessments (determining if 80%, more/less for direct service)
3) Annual Agreements
4) Advisory Councils
5) Use of data
6) curriculum, small group, closing-the-gap action plans
7) Annual and weekly calendars to help stay on task


Accountability (4th quadrant of ASCA Model) demonstrate effectiveness of school counseling in measurable terms, analyzing school and school counseling programs to determine how students are different as a result of a school counseling program.


School Counselors use data to show..... (under Accountability quadrant of ASCA Model)

show impact on student achievement, attendance, and behavior and analyzing student counseling program to guide future actions and improve future results.


Special Education

....makes it possible for children to achieve academic success in the least restrictive environment despite having their special need(s)


Federal law governs the system of special education, entitled...

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)


Free appropriate education (FAPE) defined as..... (3 things)

1) specifying a class or program to meet the needs
2) access to specialist who can address the special needs
3) curriculum and program modification


What 3 federal statutes form the basis of developing an IEP (Individual Education Program) for special needs children?

1) The Individuals with Disabilities Act
2) Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
3) Family Education and Privacy Rights Act


_________ is the federal law that is binding in all states and what 4 basic rights does it guarantee for all special needs children?

IDEA (Individual with Disabilities Act);
1) free appropriate education
2) least restrictive environments
3) supplemental aids and services
4) assessments


No Child Left Behind (2001)

Focused on “accountability” for all special needs children to achieve 100% proficiency in reading and math by 2012


An IEP (Individualized Education Plan) defines.....

Clear, measurable learning objectives for a child assessed with a disability, per federal regulations, goal directed to assist students to reach their educational goals.


IEP’s are intended to....

Meet the unique needs of a given child.


13 recognizes Disabilities:

2) Blindness
3) Deafness
4) Emotional Disturbances
5) Hearing Impairment
6) Intellectual Disability
7) Multiple Disabilities
8) Orthopedic Impairment
9) Other Health Impaired
10) Specific Learning Disability
11) Speech or Language Impairment
12) Traumatic brain injury
13) Visual Impairment


The IEP process includes 5 steps:

1) referral for a special education assessment and evaluation
2) Evaluation using multiple measures
3) Determining eligibility
4) Writing the IEP
5) Conducting the IEP meeting


In order for IEP personnel to qualify a child for special education services, the child must...

Be assessed with at least one of the 13 recognized categories of special needs AND the special needs of the child must adversely impact their academic performance


What is a Student Study Team (SST)?

A group of team (e.g., teacher, administrator, special education teacher, support personnel from the school, parent, and student) formed to study and further investigate a special needs students’ academic, behavioral, and social-emotional progress.


The SST (Student Study Team) positions itself to...

Share all concerns about the student AND to develop a plan that addresses all of the recorded concerns.


Variables considered as possible contributing factors to the struggles of a student include: (8 things)

1) specific learning disabilities
2) unpaired vision
3) social problems
4) physical challenges
5) psychological issues
6) medical conditions
7) language barriers
8) a combination of the above