VIRAL HEPATITIS Flashcards Preview

HEPATOLOGY > VIRAL HEPATITIS > Flashcards

Flashcards in VIRAL HEPATITIS Deck (22)
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1
Q

Viruses causing HEPATITIS

A
  1. HAV
  2. HBV
  3. HCV
  4. HDV
  5. HEV
2
Q

Family of Viruses
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A

Hepatitis A = Picornaviridae Family.
Hepatitis B = Hepadnaviridae Family.
Hepatitisc = Flavivirus.
Hepatitis D = Rna Incomplete Virus.
Hepatitis E = Calcivirus

3
Q

Causes of Acute HEPATITIS

🧠⚡Acute

A
  1. HEPATITIS A
  2. HEPATITIS E
4
Q

Viral Causes of Chronic HEPATITIS
🧠⚡Chronic⚡
🧠⚡+1 & -1 ⚡

A

HEPATITIS B
HEPATITIS C
HEPATITIS D

5
Q
  1. ICOSAHEDRAL SYMMETRY
  2. DO NOT HAVE ENVELOP
  3. CAN CAUSE ACUTE LIVER FAILURE
  4. ROUTE: FECO-ORAL Route
A

HEPATITIS A & E
Common Features

6
Q

SPHERICAL SYMMETRY

ENVELOPED

A

HEPATITIS B, C & D
Common Features

7
Q

⚡⚡ MOST COMMON CAUSE of ALF in INDIA

⚡⚡ MOST COMMON CAUSE of ALF in WESTERN Countries

A

⚡⚡ MOST COMMON CAUSE of ALF in INDIA
🎯 HEPATITIS A & E

⚡⚡ MOST COMMON CAUSE of ALF in WESTERN Countries
🎯 PARACETAMOL Poisoning

8
Q

HEPATITIS A
🧠⚡A

A

Asymptomatic
Acute
Alone (NO CARRIERS)

9
Q

⚡⚡ MOST COMMON CAUSE of ACUTE RELAPSING VIRAL HEPATITIS

A

HEPATITIS A

10
Q

All viral Hepatitis have ssRNA, except

A

HEPATITIS B (dsDNA)

11
Q

Incubation periods of HEPATITIS Virus

A

HEPATITIS A: 4 weeks (30 days)
HEPATITIS E: 40 days

12
Q

Extra-Hepatic Manifestations of HAV
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A
  1. Arthritis
  2. Adult onset Still’s syndrome
  3. Aplastic Anemia
  4. ATN
  5. Polymyositis
  6. Rhabdomyolysis
  7. Interstitial Nephritis
13
Q

Serology of HEPATITIS A

A
14
Q

Anti-HAV IgM coverts to IgA after

A

12 weeks

15
Q

💊💉 MANAGEMENT of HEPATITIS A

A
  1. Hydration
  2. Glucose replenishment: 3 points of 10% DEXTROSE
16
Q

Hepatitis A Vaccine

A

HAV-RIX Vaccine
Adult: 1 ml IM DELTOID
2DOSES (0, 6-12months)

Children: 0.5 ml IM

17
Q

PRE-EXPOSURE Prophylaxis of HEPATITIS A

A

> 2 weeks PRIOR to Travel

18
Q

POST-EXPOSURE Prophylaxis of HEPATITIS A

A

Within 2 weeks of Exposure

HAV Ig

19
Q

⚡⚡ MOST COMMON GENOTYPE OF HEPATITIS A in INDIA

⚡⚡ MOST COMMON GENOTYPE OF HEPATITIS E in INDIA

A

Both GENOTYPE 1

20
Q

Difference BETWEEN HAV & HEV

A
21
Q

💊💉 MANAGEMENT of ACUTE LIVER FAILURE with HEV

A

Ribaverin ± PEG-IFN-Alpha

22
Q

SEROLOGY of HEPATITIS E

A

Anti-HEV IgM: ACUTE INFECTION
Anti-HEV IgG: Remote Infection