Flashcards in Vital Signs Deck (39)
The best way to prevent a medical emergency
A good medical history - Baseline knowledge of Pt
Vital signs are
temperature, pulse, respirations, and BP
The benefits of vital sign measurements are
Baseline normal values ensures a standard comparison in the event of a medical emergency.
Used as a screening tool for abnormalities, either diagnosed or undiagnosed
Classical signs of infection
calor (heat), dolor (pain), rubor (redness), tumor (swelling)
parasitic and require a host cell. Ex: influenza, HSV, HIV, HPV
singled-cell microorganism. Ex: strep throat, E. coli, cellulitis, MRSA, and tuberculosis
yeast and mold. Ex: ringworm, thrush, and histoplasmosis
Live on or in a host. Ex: malaria, lice, and tapeworm
Dry socket/alveolar osteitis
delayed healing, not associated with infection
we do take this, orally 98.6 = average.
lowest in 6AM
highest from 4-6pm
Normal for us = 97-99
Axillary = oral - 1
Rectal = oral + 1
Orally taken temp is
under the tongue, as far back as possible, > 20 minutes since they had anything to eat or drink, wait for beep
when used correctly they are accurate enough to meet daily needs and safer than the mercury thermometers
Different methods of taking temperatures can produce
different average readings. Important to take temp with whatever method u choose and if its inaccurate it is generally read lower than the true temperature.
Considered to be a temperature of 100.4F/38C degrees or higher. Skin may appear redder than usual. Cheeks become flushed
Low grade fever
Considered to be a temperature of 99.6F-100.3 F
Radial, Brachial, Carotid. Normal is 60-100 beats per min (children higher and athletes lower)
Thumb side of the wrist, tips of index and middle fingers, take for 30secsX2.
Has some advantages - most ppl know where it is, and how to find it because of CPR training, it is reliable because it is large, central artery
Pulse rate greater than 100bpm
Pulse rate less than 60 bpm
An abnormal pulse rate may be a sign
of a cardiovascular disorder, but also could be influenced by anemia, exercise, anxiety, drugs, or fever.
Can be misreading and anxiety - most common in the clinic
Normal = 12-14 per min. - children higher and athletes lower.
Increase is attributed to aging population.
Increase in obesity
Max pressure your heart exerts while beating.
Phase of the heartbeat when the heart muscle contracts and pumps blood from the chambers into the arteries.
How much blood pressure is pushing on your blood vessel walls.
The phase of the heartbeat when the heart muscle relaxes and allows the chambers to fill with blood.
Pressure in your arteries between beats
Blood pressure is higher than 130 but your diastolic blood pressure is under 80.
Most common kind of high blood pressure in older people
the difference btw the systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The force that the heart generates each time it contracts. Considered a risk factor when it is greater than 60 mmHg. Mortality predictor esp with hemodialysis patients
Middle of the arm