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Flashcards in vocab Deck (158):
1

antemortem and/or postmortem injuries resulting from friction of the skin against a firm object resulting in the removal of the epidermis

abrasion

2

a localized accumulation of pus

abscess

3

to bluntly adjoin another structure. for example the line of eye closure

abut

4

facial markings that develop during one's lifetime, primarily as a result of repetitious use of certain muscles

acquired facial marking

5

a bony ridge found on the inferior surface of the maxilla and the superior surface of the mandible which contains the sockets for the teeth

alveolar processes

6

abnormal protrusion of the alveolar process

alveolar prognathism

7

material or technique employed to secure tissues or restorative materials in a fixed position; an armature

anchor

8

bony angle formed by the junction of the posterior edge of the rams of the mandible and the inferior surface of the body of the mandible

angle of mandible

9

degree from vertical at which the surface of a prominent feature projects

angle of projection

10

small convex prominence found lateral to the end of the line of closure of th mouth; a natural facial marking

angulus oris eminence

11

groove found at each end of the line of closure of the mouth; a natural facial marking

angulus oris sulcus

12

before death

antemortem

13

before or in front of; anatomical term of position and direction which denotes the front or forward part

anterior- dorsal

14

external nostril openings

anterior nares

15

inner rim of the ear

antihelix

16

small eminence obliquely opposite the triages on the superior border of the lobe of the ear

antitragus

17

clear, think, alkaline fluid which fills the anterior chamber of the eyeball

aqueous humor

18

curved, as the beak of an eagle; as viewed from the profile, a nose which exhibits a "hook" or convexity in its dorm

aquiline

19

inferior margin of the nasal wing which forms a distinct concave arc superiorly

arch of wing

20

framework; a material, commonly of pliable metal or wood, employed to provide support for a wax restoration

armature

21

to draw out liquids or gases by means of suction

aspiration

22

lack of symmetry , balance, or proportion

asymmetry

23

network of stitches which cross the borders of a cavity or excision to anchor fillers and to sustain tissues in their proper position

basket weave/cross stitch

24

those areas of the fleshy lips, cheeks, chin, and neck which exhibit hair growth

beard area

25

two sides

bilateral

26

dissimilarities existing in the two sides or halves of an objet

bilateral differences

27

horizontal portion of the lower jaw

body of mandible

28

temporary suture consisting of individually cut and tied stitches employed to sustain the proper position of tissues

bridge stitch- temporary interrupted suture

29

space between the lips and the gums and teeth; the vestibule of the oral cavity

buccal cavity

30

natural, shallow concavities of the cheeks which extend obliquely downward from the medial or lateral margins of the cheekbones

buccal depression

31

principle muscle of the cheek which compresses the cheeks and forms the lateral wall of the mouth

buccinator

32

vertical furrow of the cheek; acquired facial marking

buccofacial sulcus

33

teeth which jut out; may occur either with or without protrusion of the gums and may occur in either the maxilla, mandible, or both

buck teeth

34

eyelashes

cilia

35

fleshy termination of the nasal septum at the base of the nose; located between the nostrils; the most inferior part of the mass of the nose

columnia nasi

36

broken bone that pierces the skin

compound fracture

37

exhibiting a depressed or hollow surface; a concavity

concave

38

one in which the forehead protrudes forward from the eyebrows and the chin protrudes more than the upper lip

concave profile

39

facial profile variation in which the forehead protrudes forward from the eyebrows and the chin protrudes more than the upper lip

concave convex profile

40

depressed profile form which may dip concavely from root to tip

concave nasal profile

41

basic facial profile form in which the forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows while the chin protrudes beyond the plane of the upper lip (least common)

concave profile- infantine, retrousse

42

facial profile variation in which the forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows while the upper lip and chin project equally to an imaginary vertical line

concave vertical profile

43

concave shell of the ear; deepest depression of the ear

concha

44

treatments of a restorative nature performed during the embalming operation

concurrent

45

rounded prominence at the end of a bone forming an articulation, the posterior process of the rams of the mandible

condyle

46

outline or surface form

contour

47

bruise, suggulation, ecchymosis

contusion

48

vertical prominences of the neck, an acquired facial marking

cords of the neck

49

anterior, non-articulating process of the rams of the mandible, which serves as the insertion for the temporals muscle

coronoid process

50

a pyramid-shaped muscle of facial expression which draws the eyebrows inferiorly and medially

corrugator

51

part of the human skull which encloses the brain

cranium

52

horizontal plate of the ethmoid bone separating the cranial cavity from the nasal cavity

cribiform

53

topmost part of the head

crown

54

bifurcation of the anti helix of the ear

crura

55

the superior and anterior bifurcating branches of the anti helix of the ear

crura of the antihelix

56

part of the helix of the ear which is flattened in the concha

crus

57

origin of the helix which is flattened in the concha

crus of the helix

58

separation of the head form the body

decapitation

59

separation of compounds into simpler substances by the action of microbial or autolytic enzymes

decomposition

60

material employed to fill cavities or excisions and to serve as a foundation for the superficial wax restoration

deep filler

61

loss of moisture from body tissue which may occur antemortem or postmortem

dehydration

62

buck teeth- oblique insertion of the teeth

dental prognathism

63

a hollow or concave region- lowering of a part

depression

64

muscle of facial expression which depresses the angle of the mouth

depressor anguli oris

65

muscle of facial expression which draws the lower lip inferiorly and slightly lateral

depressor labii inferioris

66

the deep asking found under the epidermis

derma, dermis, skin, corium, true skin

67

separation of the epidermis from the dermis as a result of putrefaction

desquamation

68

a variation from the common or established

deviations

69

frontal view geometric headship which is widest across the cheekbones, narrowing in width in both the forehead and the jaws

diamond

70

double bellied muscle which draws the hyoid bone superiorly

digastris

71

shallow depressions located ont he cheek or chin in a rounded or vertical form; natural facial markings

dimples

72

state of stretching out or becoming inflated

distention

73

state of being twisted or pushed out of natural shape or position

distortion

74

top; anterior protruding ridge or the nose from he root to the tip of the nose

dorsum

75

a wooden or metal rod used as a armature

dowel

76

organ of hearing

ear

77

abnormal accumulation of fluids in tissues or body cavities

edema

78

electrically heated blade used to dry moist tissues, reduce swollen tissues, and restore contour to natural form

electric spatula

79

a raised surface or part

elevation

80

excessive leanness, wasted condition resulting in sunken surfaces of the face

emaciation

81

to fix or fasten into place

embed

82

prominence or projection of a bone

eminence

83

removal of an entire mass or part, especially a tumor or the eyeball, without rupture

enucleation

84

outermost layer of skin, cuticle or scarf skin

epidermis

85

remove as by cutting out

excise

86

area from which tissue has been removed. excise to remove as by cutting out

excision

87

deep hole located in the inferior portion of the medial one-third of the ear on the anterior border

external auditory meadus

88

superficial hairs covering the superciliary arches

eyebrows

89

thin, dome-like shell made of hardened cloth, metal, or plastic placed beneath eyelids to restore natural curvature and to maintain the position of posed eyelids

eyecap

90

two movable flaps of skin which cover and uncover each eyeball

eyelid- palpebrae

91

bony receptacle containing the eyeball; the orbital cavity

eye socket

92

anatomically, the region from the eyes to the base of the chin, physiognomically, the region from the normal hairline to the base of the chin

face

93

character lines of the face and neck, wrinkles, grooves, cords, and dimples

facial markings

94

silhouettes of the face from the side view

facial profile

95

mathematical relationships of the facial features to one another and or to the head and face

facial proportion

96

material used to fill a large cavity

filler

97

the degree of rigidity or stability, a condition of the tissues necessary for the application of wax

firmness

98

most viscous type of wax; putty-like material used to fill large cavities or model features

firm wax

99

injury caused by heat which produces redness of the skin

first degree burn

100

opening in the occipital bond through which the spinal cord passes from the brain

foramen magnum

101

part of the face above the eyes

forehead

102

total evacuation of tissue

fourth degree burn

103

broken bone

fracture

104

vertical restraining fold of mucous membrane on the midline of the inside of each lip connecting the lip with the gum

frenulum

105

anterior view of the face or feature

frontal

106

anterior third of the cranium, forming the forehead and the anterior portion of the roof of the skull

frontal bone

107

paired, rounded, unimagined prominences oft he frontal bone found approximately one inch beneath the normal hairline

frontal eminences

108

ascending part of the upper jaw which gradually protrudes as it rises beside the nasal bone to meet the frontal bone, the ascending process of the upper jaw

frontal process maxillary

109

crevice in the skin accompanied by adjacent elevations

furrow

110

shape of a plane figure determined by its outline, such as rounded, oval, square

geometric

111

single bony prominence of the frontal bone located between the superciliary arches in the inferior part of the frontal bone above the root of the nose

glabella

112

outline of hair growth on the head or face, the lowest centrally located part of the hair of the cranium

hairline

113

grouping of hairs, affixed by suturing, utilized in hair restorations

Hair Patch

114

anterior portion of the roof of the mouth

hard palate

115

outline of the exterior margins of the head

head shape

116

vertical measurement of a feature or part of a feature, the distance above the base

height

117

outer rim of the ear

helix

118

roughly u-shaped, with the front being narrower than the sweep of the curve

horseshoe curve

119

any liquid or semi-liquid of the body, as the aqueous or vitreous humor of the eyeball

humor

120

shaped as a bent wood weapon with a central belly

hunting bow

121

injection of chemicals directly into the tissues through the use of a syringe and needle

hypodermic injection

122

injection of special creams or liquids into the tissues through the use of a syringe and needle to restore natural contour

hypodermic tissue building

123

clean cut into tissue or skin

incision

124

depression between the mental eminence and the inferior incisor teeth

incissive fossa

125

four teeth located anteriorly from the midline on each jaw, used for cutting

incisor teeth

126

slope; deviation from the horizontal or vertical; oblique

inclination

127

babyish, childlike in regard to much adipose tissue

infantine

128

beneath; lower in plane or position; the undersurface of an organ or indicating a structure below another structure; toward the feet

inferior

129

lowermost scroll-shaped bones on the sidewalls of the nasal cavity

inferior nasal concha

130

furrow of the lower attached border of the inferior palpebral; an acquired facial marking

inferior palpebral sulcus

131

form of prognathism in which the base of the nasal cavity protrudes abnormally

infranasal prognathism

132

eminence at t he inner corner of the closed eyelids

inner canthus

133

superiorly, the skin portion of the upper lip from the attached margin of the upper mucous membrane to the base of the nose; and inferiorly , the skin portion of th lower lip from the attached margin of the lower mucous membrane to the labiodental sulcus

integumentary lip

134

vertical or transverse furrows between the eyebrows; acquired facial markings

intercilliary sulci

135

a notch or opening between the triages and the antitragus of the ear

intertragic notch

136

suture used to close incisions in such a manner that the ligature remains entirely under the epidermis

intradermal suture/ hidden suture

137

tissues turned in an opposite direction or folded inward

inversion

138

three sided figure whose base is superior to its apex, when used to describe a frontal view geometric headship, a head which is wide a the forehead and narrow at the jaw

inverted triangle

139

inferior border of the mandible

jaw line

140

lips

labia

141

vertical furrows of each lip extending from within the mucous membranes into the integumentary lips, acquired facial markings

labial sulci

142

the junction of the lower integumentary lip and the superior border of th chin, which may appear a s furrow, a natural marking

labiomental sulcus

143

to cut or often tear into irregular segments

lacerate

144

an irregularly torn or jagged wound, ranging from superficial scratches to deep tears in the tissues

laceration

145

downy hair of fetus, children or women

lanugo

146

toward the side

lateral

147

nasal index common to individuals of Western European descent having a long, narrow, and high bridge

leptorrhine

148

muscle of facial expression which elevates the angle of the mouth

levator anguli oris

149

small muscle which raises the upper lip, part of the quadrates labii superiors

levator labii superioris

150

elevates and extends the upper lip

levator labii superioris muscle

151

elevates upper lip and dilates the nostril opening, the common elevator

levator labii superioris alaeque nasi muscle

152

to tie or bind using cord, wire, or thread

ligate

153

thread, cord, or wire used for tying vessels, tissues, or bones

ligature

154

line that forms between two structures, such as the lips or the eyelids when in a closed position which marks their place of contact with each other

line of closure

155

eyelid furrows which are short and broken, extending horizontally on the palpebral themselves and which may fan from both the medial and lateral corners of the eye

linear sulci

156

soft restorative wax, usually tinted, used to surface the mucous membranes or to correct lip separations

lip wax

157

fatty inferior one third of the ear

lobe

158

a single noose like suture, not pulled taut before knotting, which stands from the skin and which anchors restorative materials

loop stitch