Vocab Junkie - Set 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab Junkie - Set 1 Deck (100):
1

Define:

odium
(oh-dee-um)

n. blame
n. strong dislike

The popular odium of attorneys is often unmerited.

2

Define:

officious
(uh-fish-us)

adj. prone to give unwanted advice

I make a habit of giving honest opinions, but I try to avoid being officious with my friends.

3

Define:

opaque
(owe-peyk)

adj. blocking all light
adj. hard to understand

The windows became so dirty they were almost opaque.

4

Define:

opportune
(opp-er-tune)

adj. happening under fitting circumstances

The students waited for an opportune moment to surprise their teacher with the bouquet of flowers they had prepared.

5

Define:

superfluous
(suh-per-flu-us)

adj. more than necessary; unnecessary

The student's essay was full of superfluous phrases that needed to be deleted.

6

Define:

supersede
(sue-per-seed)

v. to substitute; to take precedence over

It had been my understanding that the new tax code supersedes the old one, but actually both are in vigor simultaneously.

7

Define:

supplant
(suh-plant)

v. to replace

The higher-ups tried to supplant rebellious teachers with conformists.

8

Define:

supplicate
(sup-lih-kate)

v. to humbly ask

The churchgoers then bowed their heads and supplicated God to answer their prayers.

9

Define:

surmount
(ser-mount)

v. to overcome
v. to rise above

Through sheer determination, he was able to surmount his disadvantages and win the contest outright.

10

Define:

surreptitious
(ser-up-tish-us)

adj. secretive

Since they were not allowed to speak, the couple exchanged surreptitious glances from across the room.

11

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. blame
n. strong dislike

odium
(oh-dee-um)

synonyms: shame, dishonor; disgust, detestation

12

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. prone to give unwanted advice

officious
(uh-fish-us)

synonyms: forward, meddlesome

13

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. blocking all light
adj. hard to understand

opaque
(owe-peyk)

synonyms: blurred, darkened, lusterless; baffling, cryptic

14

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. happening under fitting circumstances

opportune
(opp-er-tune)

synonyms: advantageous, favorable

15

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. more than necessary; unnecessary

superfluous
(suh-per-flu-us)

synonyms: extra, excessive, overdone

16

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to substitute; to take precedence over

supersede
(sue-per-seed)

synonyms: usurp, succeed

17

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to replace

supplant
(suh-plant)

synonyms: substitute, usurp

18

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to ask humbly

supplicate
(sup-lih-kate)

synonyms: ask, pray for, desire

19

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to overcome
v. to rise above

surmount
(ser-mount)

synonyms: vanquish, transcend

20

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. secretive

surreptitious
(ser-up-tish-us)

synonyms: sneaky, secret, covert

21

Define:

symbiotic
(sim-bee-ott-ik)

adj. related to a relationship that is beneficial for all involved

The whale and the small fish that cling to its body have a symbiotic relationship.

22

Define:

synapse
(sin-apse)

n. the small gap between the cells of nerves

Neurotransmitters travel across the synapse between brain cells.

23

Define:

synchronous
(sing-kruh-nuss)

adj. operating at the same time or at the same rate

The film was notable for its synchronous premiere in 11 capital cities around the globe.

24

Define:

tacit
(tass-it)

adj. implied or unspoken

There was a tacit agreement between the two companies that neither would expand into the other's city.

25

Define:

taciturn
(tass-ih-turn)

adj. tending to be silent; quiet

Some of the students were quite taciturn and had to be asked to participate more.

26

Define:

exacerbate
(ig-zass-er-bate)

v. to make worse

The children's screaming exacerbated their father's headache.

27

Define:

exact
(ig-zact)

v. to forcibly demand and obtain

The detectives finally exacted the truth from the witness.

28

Define:

exculpate
(ek-skull-pate)

v. to free from blame

The political prisoner was fully exculpated only when the dictatorship was overthrown and an independent truth commission established.

28

Define:

exhort
(ig-zort)

v. to urge by strong appeal

Taking the loudspeaker in her hand, the policewoman exhorted the kidnapper to release his hostage.

29

Define:

exigent
(ek-suh-djunt)

adj. requiring immediate attention

The show's run was cut short by an exigent lack of funds.

30

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. related to a relationship that is beneficial for all involved

symbiotic
(sim-bee-ott-ik)

synonyms: coactive, harmonious, joining

31

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the small gap between the cells of nerves

synapse
(sin-apse)

synonyms: break, gap, divide

32

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. operating at the same time or at the same rate

synchronous
(sing-kruh-nuss)

synonyms: concurrent, simultaneous

33

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. implied or unspoken

tacit
(tass-it)

synonyms: suggested, unsaid, understood

34

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. tending to be silent; quiet

taciturn
(tass-ih-turn)

synonyms: aloof, silent, mum

35

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make worse

exacerbate
(ig-zass-er-bate)

synonyms: intensify, worsen

36

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to demand, to require

exact
(ig-zact)

synonyms: claim, take

37

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to urge by strong appeal

exhort
(ig-zort)

synonyms: warn, beseech

38

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to free from blame

exculpate
(ek-skull-pate)

synonyms: forgive, excuse

38

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. requiring immediate attention

exigent
(ek-suh-djunt)

synonyms: urgent, pressing

39

Define:

exonerate
(ig-zawn-ih-rate)

v. to clear of blame or guilt

Though the defendant had clearly done something wrong, the court had no choice but to exonerate her on the present charges.

40

Define:

expedient
(ek-spee-dee-unt)

adj. beneficial for one's goal
n. a hastily prepared solution to a sudden problem

The politician tended to bring up his humble origins when it was politically expedient.

41

Define:

expedite
(ek-spuh-dahyt)

v. to speed up

For an extra fee, the post office can expedite your package's delivery.

42

Define:

expiate
(ek-spee-ate)

v. to atone for wrongdoing

After destroying his friend's car, Jim hoped the fruit basket he sent would expiate his guilt.

43

Define:

extemporaneous
(ik-stem-puh-ray-nee-us)

adj. made up on the spot, ad-libbed

To be a news anchor, she would have to improve her extemporaneous speaking skills.

44

Define:

extol
(ik-stole)

v. to praise

Melinda was often heard extolling her daughter's many talents.

45

Define:

extrapolate
(ek-strap-ih-late)

v. to make a guess based on facts

Pete figured it was possible to extrapolate her personality from her Facebook profile.

46

Define:

extricate
(ek-strih-kate)

v. to disentangle, to break free from

It was heartbreaking to watch the butterfly struggle in vain to extricate itself from the spider web.

47

Define:

churl
(churl)

n. a rude person
n. a cheap person

I had been waiting in line for hours when some churl tried to cut in front of me.

48

Define:

circuitous
(sir-cue-ih-tuss)

adj. roundabout

Because of the traffic accident, we had to take a circuitous route to the bank.

49

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to clear of blame or guilt

exonerate
(ig-zawn-ih-rate)

synonyms: absolve, acquit, vindicate

50

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. beneficial for one's goal
n. a hastily prepared solution to a sudden problem

expedient
(ek-spee-dee-unt)

synonyms: worthwhile, advantageous; means

51

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to speed up

expedite
(ek-spuh-dahyt)

synonyms: accelerate, hasten

52

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to atone for wrongdoing

expiate
(ek-spee-ate)

synonyms: amend, atone

53

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. made up on the spot, ad-libbed

extemporaneous
(ik-stem-puh-ray-nee-us)

synonyms: improvised, impromptu

54

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to praise

extol
(ik-stole)

synonyms: praise, celebrate, laud

55

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make a guess based on facts; to conjecture

extrapolate
(ek-strap-ih-late)

synonyms: assume, hypothesize

56

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to disentangle, to break free from

extricate
(ek-strih-kate)

synonyms: clear, disburden, extract

57

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a rude person
n. a cheap person

churl
(churl)

synonyms: lout, oaf; miser, peasant

58

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. roundabout

circuitous
(sir-cue-ih-tuss)

synonyms: indirect, labyrinthine

59

Define:

circumscribe
(sir-come-skrahyb)

v. to draw or contain in a circle
v. to limit or restrain

I believe our government's actions are circumscribed by financial interests as well as moral imperatives.

60

Define:

circumspect
(sir-come-spekt)

adj. prudent; cautious

Though her mother's boyfriend attempted to win affection with toys and treats, Elise remained circumspect around him.

61

Define:

circumvent
(sir-kum-vent)

v. to get around an obstacle

She managed to circumvent security and approached her favorite actor backstage.

62

Define:

cleave
(kleev)

v. to cut off with force
v. to be loyal to
v. to develop an emotional bond with

She vowed that even when tempted she would cleave to her principles.

63

Define:

cloister
(cloy-stur)

v. to isolate
n. a place for religious isolation

The boy's parents tended to cloister him from the harsher realities of the world.

64

Define:

coagulate
(koh-ag-yuh-late)

v. to clot or solidify

The poorly-made syrup began to coagulate on the pancakes after a few minutes.

65

Define:

coalesce
(koh-ih-less)

v. to come together to form a single unit

Our county's many poverty initiatives are too different to coalesce into an effective whole.

66

Define:

cogent
(koh-djunt)

adj. clear and convincing
adj. relevant

We won the debate because the other team was unable to mount a cogent counterargument.

67

Define:

cohere
(koh-heer)

v. to be logically connected to
v. to stick to each other

These short stories are quite charming when taken separately, but they will not cohere if published together as a collection.

68

Define:

intransigent
(in-tran-suh-junt)

adj. unwilling to compromise

The government remained intransigent despite the people's protest.

69

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to draw or contain in a circle
v. to limit or restrain

circumscribe
(sir-come-skrahyb)

synonyms: mark off, bound, confine

70

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. prudent; cautious

circumspect
(sir-come-spekt)

synonyms: discreet, guarded

71

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to get around an obstacle

circumvent
(sir-kum-vent)

synonyms: avoid, bypass

72

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to cut off with force
v. to be loyal to
v. to develop an emotional bond with

cleave
(kleev)

synonyms: divide, split; devote, join; bond, affix

73

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to isolate
n. a place for religious isolation

cloister
(cloy-stur)

synonyms: secluded; convent

74

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to clot or solidify (for liquids)

coagulate
(koh-ag-yuh-late)

synonyms: condense, concrete, thicken

75

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to come together to form a single unit

coalesce
(koh-ih-less)

synonyms: adhere, cling

76

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. believable
adj. relevant

cogent
(koh-djunt)

synonyms: apt, compelling, valid

77

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to be logically connected to
v. to stick to each other

cohere
(koh-heer)

synonyms: adhere, conform

78

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unwilling to compromise

intransigent
(in-tran-suh-junt)

synonyms: stubborn, unwilling, bullheaded

79

Define:

intrepid
(in-trep-id)

adj. courageous

The intrepid naturalist routinely braved storms and mudslides to document new species.

80

Define:

intrinsic
(in-trin-zik)

adj. related to an object's essence

Unfortunately, some degree of inefficiency is intrinsic to all democracies.

81

Define:

inure
(in-your)

v. to accustom to something negative or unpleasant

Nearby residents soon became inured to the noise from the construction project.

82

Define:

invective
(in-vek-tiv)

adj. verbally abusive
n. abusive or stern language

What this debate needs is a little less invective language and a little more substance

83

Define:

irrevocable
(ih-rev-ih-kuh-bull)

adj. unable to be revoked; permanent

The laws the king decreed were irrevocable even after he left the throne.

84

Define:

jocular
(jock-yuh-lur)

adj. related to jokes

The boy was popular with his classmates due to his cheerful, jocular nature.

85

Define:

kernel
(kur-null)

n. the central part of a situation or seed

The kernel of the matter was that she didn't even know where to begin looking for a new house.

86

Define:

lackluster
(lack-luss-tur)

adj. not lively; not bright

Tired from a long day, Susan gave a very lackluster performance during the dress rehearsal.

87

Define:

refractory
(rih-frack-tuh-ree)

adj. stubborn; difficult to treat or handle

The doctors did not know how to deal with such a refractory infection.

88

Define:

regiment
(redj-ih-munt)

n. a military unit of troops
v. to enforce a strict order or conformity

Four army regiments occupied the city last week.

89

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. courageous

intrepid
(in-trep-id)

synonyms: brave, heroic

90

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. related to an object's essence

intrinsic
(in-trin-zik)

synonyms: basic, inborn, fundamental

91

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to accustom to something negative or unpleasant

inure
(in-your)

synonyms: desensitize, familiarize, habituate

92

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. verbally abusive
n. abusive or stern language

invective
(in-vek-tiv)

synonyms: berating, abuse, denunciation

93

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unable to be revoked; permanent

irrevocable
(ih-rev-ih-kuh-bull)

synonyms: unchangeable, unalterable

94

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. related to jokes

jocular
(jock-yuh-lur)

synonyms: amusing, campy, jokey

95

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the central part of a situation or seed

kernel
(kur-null)

synonyms: core, crux

96

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. not lively; not bright

lackluster
(lack-luss-tur)

synonyms: dull, colorless, muted

97

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. stubborn; difficult to treat or handle

refractory
(rih-frack-tuh-ree)

synonyms: resistant, immune, unresponsive

98

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a military unit of troops
v. to enforce a strict order or conformity

regiment
(redj-ih-munt)

synonyms: military unit, command, designate