Vocab Junkie - Set 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab Junkie - Set 5 Deck (100):
1

Define:

aseptic
(uh-sep-tik)

adj. free of pathogens or germs
adj. with little or no emotion

Doctors are always careful to use aseptic surgical equipment to prevent infection.

2

Define:

prolix
(proh-liks)

adj. wordy or prolonged; tedious in length

The prolix manuscript took days to read.

3

Define:

foolhardy
(fool-hahr-dee)

adj. reckless, unwisely bold; thoughtlessly rash

It was a foolhardy attempt to climb the Sears Tower that went very wrong.

4

Define:

picaresque
(pik-uh-resk)

adj. involving clever rogues in episodes of comedy or adventure

Huck Finn is a picaresque hero.

5

Define:

raucous
(raw-kuhs)

adj. rough sounding, harsh
adj. boisterous, rowdy, disorderly

The raucous laughter went on long into the night.

6

Define:

providential
(prov-ih-den-shuhl)

adj. to occur as if from divine intervention

His providential recovery, when it seemed that he would surely succumb, brought hope to many.

7

Define:

antipodal
(an-tip-uh-dl)

adj. diametrically opposed to, polar opposite
adj. on the opposite side of the earth

The couple had totally antipodal personalities, but they enjoyed each other's company.

8

Define:

pillory
(pill-uh-ree)

v. to punish; to hold up for public scorning
n. a wooden framework with holes for head and hands, in which criminal offenders are held

Dan was pilloried in class for his inability to spell "potato".

9

Define:

infelicitous
(in-fuh-liss-ih-tuss)

adj. unfortunate, awkward, inappropriate

In Thailand, it is considered infelicitous to touch someone's head.

10

Define:

dilatory
(dil-uh-tawr-ee)

adj. tending to delay, put off, or procrastinate
adj. intended to slow progress

Courtney employed dilatory tactics in the debate in order to collect her thoughts, but the judges noticed and she was docked a point.

11

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. free of pathogens or germs
adj. with little or no emotion

aseptic
(uh-sep-tik)

synonyms: barren, clean; withdrawn, introverted

12

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. wordy or prolonged; tedious in length

prolix
(proh-liks)

synonyms: lengthy, rambling

13

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. reckless, unwisely bold; thoughtlessly rash

foolhardy
(fool-hahr-dee)

synonyms: daredevil, venturous, risky

14

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. involving clever rogues in episodes of comedy or adventure

picaresque
(pik-uh-resk)

synonyms: roguish, satirical

15

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. rough sounding, harsh
adj. boisterous, rowdy, disorderly

raucous
(raw-kuhs)

synonyms: noisy, chaotic

16

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. to occur as if from divine intervention

providential
(prov-ih-den-shuhl)

synonyms: accidental, convenient, fortunate

17

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. diametrically opposed to, polar opposite
adj. on the opposite side of the earth

antipodal
(an-tip-uh-dl)

synonyms: opposed, contrary, counter

18

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to punish; to hold up for public scorning
n. a wooden framework with holes for head and hands, in which criminal offenders are held

pillory
(pill-uh-ree)

synonyms: ridicule, abuse

19

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unfortunate, awkward, inappropriate

infelicitous
(in-fuh-liss-ih-tuss)

synonyms: improper, ill suited

20

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. tending to delay, put off, or procrastinate
adj. intended to slow progress

dilatory
(dil-uh-tawr-ee)

synonyms: dallying, sluggish, tardy

21

Define:

overweening
(oh-ver-wee-ning)

adj. presumptuously arrogant or conceited; overconfident, overbearing

Ian made the overweening assumption that people would rush to help him.

22

Define:

neologism
(nee-awl-uh-djiz-uhm)

n. the creation of new words, expressions, or usages for words

"Technophile" is a neologism, just as "UFO" once was.

23

Define:

lassitude
(lass-ih-tood)

n. a state of listless exhaustion, weakness, or weariness of the mind or body

The extreme heat led to a general lassitude that settled on the village from May to October.

24

Define:

locution
(loh-kyoo-shuhn)

n. a particular word, phrase, or style used by a person or group
n. style of speaking, phraseology

The newcomers were fascinated by the Aussie's locution.

25

Define:

jocose
(joh-kohss)

adj. characterized by a joking or humorous manner

The jocose innkeeper could always be counted on for a bit of levity.

26

Define:

rend
(rend)

v. to forcibly take
v. to tear apart

The three-year-old decided she wanted to play with the teddy bear, so she rent it from her infant sister's hands.

27

Define:

stanch
(stawnch)

v. to cease the flow of a liquid (esp. blood)

The doctor's attempt to stanch the flow of blood eventually succeeded, and the patient's blood pressure stabilized.

28

Define:

solder
(sod-er)

v. to weld, fuse, or join (esp. metals)

Harry soldered the bits of scrap metal together to make a pet door.

29

Define:

demure
(duh-myoor)

adj. modest, shy

Lindsay was demure and had a tough time opening up to new people.

30

Define:

insensible
(in-sen-suh-buhl)

adj. unconscious, unresponsive

The boxer lay insensible on the floor of the ring.

31

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. presumptuously arrogant or conceited, overconfident, overbearing

overweening
(oh-ver-wee-ning)

synonyms: brash, conceited, pompous

32

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the creation of new words, expressions, or usages for words

neologism
(nee-awl-uh-djiz-uhm)

synonyms: synthetic word, new phrase

33

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a state of listless exhaustion, weakness, or weariness of the mind or body

lassitude
(lass-ih-tood)

synonyms: lethargy, weariness, inaction

34

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a particular word, phrase, or style used by a person or group
n. style of speaking, phraseology

locution
(loh-kyoo-shuhn)

synonyms: phrasing, expression, lingo

35

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. characterized by a joking or humorous manner

jocose
(joh-kohss)

synonyms: facetious, humorous, funny

36

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to forcibly take
v. to tear apart

rend
(rend)

synonyms: break, divide, rip

37

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to cease the flow of a liquid (esp. blood)

stanch
(stawnch)

synonyms: to cease the flow of a liquid

38

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to weld, fuse, or join (esp. metals)

solder
(sod-er)

synonyms: fasten, braze

39

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. modest, shy

demure
(duh-myoor)

synonyms: reserved, bashful, coy

40

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unconscious, unresponsive

insensible
(in-sen-suh-buhl)

synonyms: cold, numb, inanimate

41

Define:

rail
(reyl)

v. to complain bitterly

The citizens railed against the injustice of the federal land grab in tersely-worded editorials and letters to the editor.

42

Define:

noisome
(noy-suhm)

adj. having an extremely foul scent, offensive or harmful

The noisome odor of the garbage nauseated Audrey.

43

Define:

mellifluous
(muh-lif-loo-uhs)

adj. sweetly flowing (esp. of words or sounds)

Lucy's mellifluous voice was noted by her interviewer.

44

Define:

inveterate
(in-vet-er-it)

adj. established, habitual, deep-rooted

It was Tony's inveterate preference to drink orange juice every morning.

45

Define:

coterie
(koh-tuh-ree)

n. a small or exclusive group of people with common interests

The coterie of musicians began to meet on Tuesday nights and eventually established a weekly concert series.

46

Define:

impugn
(im-pyoon)

v. to challenge or attack one's beliefs or motives as false

The candidate went too far when he began to impugn the character of his opponent's husband.

47

Define:

voluble
(vol-yuh-buhl)

adj. able to speak easily and in quantity, glib, talkative

The voluble speaker talked late into the night.

48

Define:

misogynist
(mih-sodj-uh-nist)

n. one who hates women

The song contained several lyrics that were so offensive to women that the singer was immediately labeled a misogynist.

49

Define:

pedagogy
(ped-uh-goh-djee)

n. the art or profession of training, teaching, or instructing

Training in pedagogy can't prepare you for manic third graders.

50

Define:

ambient
(am-bee-uhnt)

adj. relating to the immediate surroundings; surrounding environment

The low ambient lighting made for a romantic dinner setting.

51

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to complain bitterly

rail
(reyl)

synonyms: berate, abuse, complain

52

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. offensive or harmful

noisome
(noy-suhm)

synonyms: repulsive, dangerous

53

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. sweetly flowing (esp. of words or sounds)

mellifluous
(muh-lif-loo-uhs)

synonyms: euphonic, harmonic, mellow, pleasing

54

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. established, habitual, deep-rooted

inveterate
(in-vet-er-it)

synonyms: chronic, habitual, ingrained

55

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a small or exclusive group of people with common interests

coterie
(koh-tuh-ree)

synonyms: clique, crowd, collective

56

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to challenge or attack ones beliefs or motives as false

impugn
(im-pyoon)

synonyms: criticize, challenge

57

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. able to speak easily and in quantity, glib, talkative

voluble
(vol-yuh-buhl)

synonyms: articulate, chatty, conversational

58

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. one who hates women

misogynist
(mih-sodj-uh-nist)

synonyms: sexist, chauvinist

59

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the art or profession of training, teaching, or instructing

pedagogy
(ped-uh-goh-djee)

synonyms: education, apprenticeship, discipline

60

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. relating to the immediate surroundings; surrounding environment

ambient
(am-bee-uhnt)

synonyms: environment, atmosphere

61

Define:

inquest
(in-kwest)

n. a judicial inquiry of some matter held before a jury
n. an investigation, inquiry

The police opened an inquest into the cause of death.

62

Define:

preen
(preen)

v. to primp, to dress up
v. to clean fur or feathers of an animal

The bird preened its feathers with its beak for a few moments before taking flight.

63

Define:

parry
(pear-ee)

v. to block, evade, or ward off

The politician parried the reporter's questions with a few of her own.

64

Define:

guy
(gahy)

n. rope or cord attached to something as a brace

I was nervous that the guy for the pully would snap.

65

Define:

sallow
(sal-oh)

adj. of a sickly yellowish hue or complexion

There was a large number of sallow-looking patients in the doctor's office.

66

Define:

plangent
(plan-djuhnt)

adj. pounding, thundering, resounding

The plangent honking of geese flying overhead jolted me awake.

67

Define:

peripatetic
(per-uh-puh-tet-ik)

adj. itinerant, nomadic

A peripatetic existence can take its toll on your relationships with the ones you love.

68

Define:

rue
(roo)

v. to regret; to feel or experience remorse

I rued the day I ever let her go.

69

Define:

macerate
(mass-uh-reyt)

v. to soften by steeping in a liquid, or decompose
v. to emaciate; to starve

Now, we will macerate the rest of the melon in hot water so we can use it to flavor the cream.

70

Define:

callow
(kal-oh)

adj. lacking maturity or experience

A callow young man was tormenting the elderly in the park.

71

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a judicial inquiry of some matter held before a jury.
n. an investigation, inquiry

inquest
(in-kwest)

synonyms: a judicial inquiry, an official review before a panel

72

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to primp, to dress up
v. to clean fur or feathers of an animal

preen
(preen)

synonyms: beautify, groom, brush, doll up

73

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to block, evade, or ward off

parry
(pear-ee)

synonyms: block, dodge, circumvent

74

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. rope or cord attached to something as a brace

guy
(gahy)

synonyms: cable, wire, rope

75

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. of a sickly yellowish hue or complexion

sallow
(sal-oh)

synonyms: pale, unhealthy-looking, jaundiced

76

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. pounding, thundering, resounding

plangent
(plan-djuhnt)

synonyms: booming, loud, roaring

77

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. itinerant, nomadic

peripatetic
(per-uh-puh-tet-ik)

synonyms: migrant, vagrant, wandering

78

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to regret; to feel or experience remorse

rue
(roo)

synonyms: feel remorse, grieve for

79

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to soften by steeping in a liquid, or decompose
v. to emaciate; to starve

macerate
(mass-uh-reyt)

synonyms: soak, dissolve

80

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. lacking maturity or experience

callow
(kal-oh)

synonyms: immature, foolish

81

Define:

wistful
(wist-fuhl)

adj. yearning, longing, or melancholy

The child stared wistfully out the window for days, waiting for her dog to return.

82

Define:

corroborate
(kuh-rob-uh-rehyt)

v. to confirm or validate

The mailman corroborated the alleged thief's story, confirming that he had merely been passing by when the robbery occurred.

83

Define:

couch
(couch)

v. to express in indirect terms; to frame in a certain way

Her criticism was couched in flattering terms so that her coworker wouldn't take offense.

84

Define:

innervate
(ih-nur-veyt)

v. to give nervous energy to; to supply with nerves

The team was innervated by the coach's pep talk and approached the second half with renewed energy.

85

Define:

impecunious
(im-puh-kyoo-nee-us)

adj. poor; without any money

A graduate student generally leads an impecunious existence.

86

Define:

grovel
(gruhv-uhl)

v. to behave in a servile manner
v. to indulge in unworthy pursuits

The servants groveled at the king's throne.

87

Define:

epicurean
(ep-ih-kyoo-ree-uhn)

adj. characterized by luxury (esp. in terms of food and drink) or by a propensity for indulging in luxury

The cruise was marketed as an epicurean adventure through the cuisines of four Caribbean nations.

88

Define:

hirsute
(hur-soot)

adj. hairy, shaggy

A hirsute sheepdog won the Dog Showing Contest.

89

Define:

countenance
(koun-tuh-nunce)

n. appearance of a person's face
v. to permit, to allow

Many people thought she was friendly because of her kindly countenance.

90

Define:

scurvy
(skur-vee)

adj. not admirable, despicable

The scurvy pirate secured his escape by throwing gun powder into the eyes of his pursuers.

91

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. yearning, longing, or melancholy

wistful
(wist-fuhl)

synonyms: forlorn, reflective

92

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to confirm or validate

corroborate
(kuh-rob-uh-rehyt)

synonyms: affirm, validate, give further supporting evidence

93

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to express in indirect terms; to frame in a certain way

couch
(couch)

synonyms: formulate, phrase, surround

94

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to give nervous energy to; to supply with nerves

innervate
(ih-nur-veyt)

synonyms: invigorate, evoke, stimulate

95

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. poor; without any money

impecunious
(im-puh-kyoo-nee-us)

synonyms: destitute, impoverished

96

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to behave in a servile manner
v. to indulge in unworthy pursuits

grovel
(gruhv-uhl)

synonyms: beg, serve

97

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. characterized by luxury (esp. in terms of food and drink) or by a propensity for indulging in luxury

epicurean
(ep-ih-kyoo-ree-uhn)

synonyms: gluttonous, libertine

98

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. hairy, shaggy

hirsute
(hur-soot)

synonyms: furry, wooly

99

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. appearance of a person's face
v. to permit, to allow

countenance
(koun-tuh-nunce)

synonyms: aspect, demeanor, expression, face

100

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. not admirable, despicable

scurvy
(skur-vee)

synonyms: abominable, low-down