vocabulary-female Flashcards Preview

MedTerm test3 > vocabulary-female > Flashcards

Flashcards in vocabulary-female Deck (106):
1

ovum

female sex cell

2

sperm

the male sex cell

3

gamete

a sex cell

4

amnion

innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus

5

areola

dark-pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple

6

Bartholin glands

small mucus-secreting exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice

7

cervix

lower, neck-like portion of the uterus

8

chorion

outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo; it forms the fetal part of the placenta

9

clitoris

organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female urethra

10

coitus

sexual intercourse; copulation

11

cul-de-sac

region in the lower abdomen, midway between the rectum and the uterus

12

embryo

stage in prenatal development from 2 to 8 weeks

13

endometrium

inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus

14

estrogen

hormone produced by the ovaries; promotes female secondary sex characteristics

15

fallopian tube

one of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus

16

fertilization

union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops

17

fetus

stage in prenatal development from 8 to 39 or 40 weeks

18

fimbrae (fimbria)

finger or fringe-like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes

19

genitalia

reproductive organs; also called genitals

20

gestation

period from fertilization of the ovum to birth

21

gonad

female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones

22

gynecology

study of the female reproductive organs including the breasts

23

mammary papilla

nipple of the breast

24

menarche

beginning of the first menstrual period and ability to reproduce

25

menopause

gradual ending of menstruation

26

myometrium

muscle layer of the uterus

27

neonatology

branch of medicine that studies the disorders and care of the newborn

28

obstetrics

branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth

29

orifice

an opening

30

ovary

one of a pair of female organs on each side of the pelvis. almond-shaped, about the size of large walnuts, and produce egg cells (ova) and hormones

31

ovulation

release of the ovum from the ovary

32

ovum (ova)

mature egg cell (female gamete). develops from immature egg cells called oocytes

33

parturition

act of giving birth

34

perineum

in females, the area between the anus and the vagina

35

placenta

vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy, it serves as communication between maternal and fetal bloodstreams

36

pregnancy

condition in a female of having a developing embryo and fetus in her uterus for about 40 weeks

37

progesterone

hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant women

38

puberty

point in the life cycle at which secondary sex characteristics appear and gametes are produced

39

uterus

hollow, pear-shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo and fetus develop, from which menstruation occurs. fundus, corpus, cervix

40

vagina

muscular mucosa-lined canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body

41

vuvla

external female genitalia; includes the labia, hymen, clitoris, and vaginal orifice

42

zygote

fertilized ovum (until 2 weeks)

43

utero-ovatian ligament

holds the ovary in place

44

adnexa

accessory structures. for the uterus, this includes: the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments

45

cilia

small hairs lining the fallopian tube

46

uterine serosa

outer, membranous tissue layer of the uterus

47

lactiferous ducts

milk-carrying

48

lactation

the secretion of milk

49

Days 1-5

menstrual period. discharge of bloody fluid containing disintegrated endometrial cells, glandular secretions, and blood cells

50

Days 6-12

after bleeding ceases, the endometrium begins the repair itself. the maturing follicle in the ovary releases estrogen, which aids in repair. the ovum grows in the follicle during this period

51

Days 13-14

ovulatory period. the follicle ruptures and the egg leaves the ovary, passing through the fallopian tube

52

Days 15-28

the empty follicle fills with a yellow material and becomes the corpus luteum. this fuctions as an endocrine organ and produces progesterone. this stimulates the building of the lining of the uterus in anticipation of fertilization of the egg and pregnancy

53

premenstrual syndrome

PMS. lowered levels of progesterone and estrogen are responsible for some women's symptoms of depression, breast tenderness, and irritability before menstruation

54

amniotic fluid

surrounds the fetus suspended

55

human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)

developed by the placenta. presence or absence of this confirms or denies that a woman is pregnant

56

afterbirth

expelled placenta

57

climcteric

menstration

58

change of life

menstruation

59

primigravida

a woman during her first pregnancy

60

primiparous

an adjective describing a woman who has given birth to at least one child

61

carcinoma of the cervix (cervical cancer)

malignant cells within the cervix

62

cervicitis

inflammation of the cervix

63

carcinoma of the endometrium (endometrial cancer)

malignant tumor of the uterus

64

endometriosis

endometrial tissue located outside of the uterus

65

fibroids

benign tumors in the uterus

66

ovarian carcinoma

malignant tumor of the ovary

67

ovarian cysts

collections of fluid within a sac in the ovary

68

dermoid cysts

lined with a variety of cell types, including skin, hair, teeth, and cartilage and rise from immature egg cells in the ovary. usually called benign cystic teratoma or a mature teratoma

69

pelvic inflammatory disease

inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region; salpingitis, oorphoritis, endometritis, endocervicitis

70

carcinoma of the breast

malignant tumor of the breast (arising from milk glands and ducts)

71

lumpectomy

removal of the lump with immediately surrounding tissue

72

sentinal node biopsy (SNB)

to determine whether the tumor has spread to lymph

73

mastectomy

removal of the breast

74

fibrocystic disease

numerous small sacs of fibrous connective tissue and fluid in the breast

75

abruptio placentae

premature separation of the implanted placenta

76

choriocarcinoma

malignant tumor of the placenta

77

ectopic pregnancy

implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than the normal uterine location. occurs in 15% of pregnancies and 90% of these occur in the fallopian tubes

78

multiple gestation

more than one fetus inside the uterus

79

placenta previa

implantation of the placenta over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterus

80

preeclampsia

abnormal condition associated with pregnancy; marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, edema, and headache

81

Apgar score

a system of scoring an infant;s physical condition 1 and 5 minutes after birth. heart rate, respiration, color, muscle tine, and response to stimuli are each rated 0, 1, or 2

82

down syndrome

chromosomal abnormality (trisomy 21) results in mental retardation, retarded grown, a flat face with a short nose, low-set ears, and slanted eyes

83

erythrobalstosis fetalis

hemolytic disease commonly seen in the premature newborn

84

hydrocephalus

accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain

85

meconium aspiration syndrome

abnormal inhalation of meconium (first stool) produced by a fetus or newborn

86

pyloric stenosis

narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum

87

Pap test

microscopic examination of stained cells removed from the vagina and cervix

88

pregnancy test

blood or urine test to detect the presence of hCG

89

hysterosalpingography (HSG)

x-ray imagining of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material

90

mammography

x-ray imaging of the breast

91

breast ultrasound imaging and breast MRI

technologies using sound waves and magnetic waves to create images of breast tissue

92

pelvic ultrasonography

recording images of sound waves as they bounce off organs in the pelvic region

93

aspiration

withdrawal of fluid from a cavity of sac within and instrument using suction

94

cauterization

destruction of tissue by burning

95

colposcopy

visual examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope

96

conization

removal of a cone-shaped section (cone biopsy) of the cervix

97

cryosurgery

use of cold temperatures to destroy tissue

98

culdocentesis

needle aspiration of fluid from the cul-de-sac

99

dilation (dilatation) and curettage (D&C)

widening of the cervix and scraping off the endometrial lining of the uterus

100

laparoscopy

visual examination of the abdominal cavity using an endoscope

101

tubal ligation

blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization from occuring

102

abortion (AB)

spontaneous or induced termination of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus can exist on its own

103

amniocentesis

needle puncture of the amniotic sac to withdraw amniotic fluid or analysis

104

cesarean section

surgical incision of the abdominal wall and uterus to deliver a fetus

105

fetal monitoring

continuous recording of the fetal heart rate and maternal uterine contractions to reduce fetal distress during labor

106

in vitro fertilization (IVF)

egg and sperm cells are combined outside the body in a laboratory dish (in vitro) to facilitate fertilization