Vocabulary Homework #2 Flashcards Preview

Ensemble > Vocabulary Homework #2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocabulary Homework #2 Deck (15):
1

Moderato

Moderate Speed - lead up to by a tempo marking, a direction specifying that the tempo
specified is to be used with restraint

2

Rallentando (Rall.)

Literal translation is: slowing down. It means a gradual decrease in speed similar to a ritardando, but is more of a rolling stop. It is the slowing of the tempo that seems to have less certainty and is less dramatic than a ritardando.

3

Crescendo

A gradual increase in loudness or intensity of a phrase, in music this marking looks like a open safety pin and it adds a dramatic effect.

4

Alla Breve

The contemporary usage of the word alla breve proposes a quick tempo. Therefore it is used quite frequently for military marches. The reason it is used is to refer to a musical meter notated by the time signature symbol, which looks like a C with a line through it.

5

A Tempo

This is the speed that a piece of music should/is be played. It is the rate, or the speed, of motion/activity/pace.

6

Maestoso

This is an Italian musical term and is used to direct performers to play a certain passage
of music in a stately, dignified and majestic fashion (sometimes march-like). The term is commonly used in relatively slow
pieces, can be played in such maestoso.

7

Poco a Poco

This is an Italian phrase. Its direct translation is: little by little. It is used with other musical
commands to make them have a slow, or gradual, effect.

8

Sempre Crescendo (Cresc.)

This word means “ever growing.” Sempre means: always, Crescendo suggests an increase in volume. Therefore, together they make up “always increasing in volume.

9

Tutti

This is an Italian word. It’s exact translation is: all or together. It is used as a musical term for the direction after a solo section. It is used in choral music when all the musicians are called to sing.

10

Double Bar

Double bar lines, or a double bar, can be composed of two single bar lines drawn close
together, that separate two sections within a piece. A bar line followed by a thicker bar
line (bolded), indicates the end of a piece of music.

11

V.S.

This can also be known as volti subito. This means to turn suddenly, turning the page fast.
Sometimes this indication is already printed in on the music, but it is mostly written in by
orchestral members in pencil as a reminder to quickly turn the page.

12

Vamp/Safety

A vamp is the repetition of a musical figure, such as a guitar riff. When it is in jazz, Latin jazz, or musical theatre it is often given to the accompaniment so that they can repeat when it is necessary during intros or solos. A safety is similar to a vamp, yet it is usually a shorter optional passage to help a musician if they mess up during a performance. Usually added in the score as optional repeats, safeties can sometimes be made up on the spot.

13

Ride-out/Out-tro

This is the opposite of an intro. The word outro is a blend as it replaces the component "in" of the "intro" with its opposite. It creates a new word. The term is usually used only in the realm of pop music. It refers to the end of a track of an album or to an outro-solo, an instrumental solo, most likely a guitar solo, played as the song fades out, until it comes to a final end.

14

Anacrusis/pick-up

One or more unstressed syllables at the beginning of a verse of a song, a note or series of notes that comes before the first complete measure of a composition. It prepares your ears for the next downbeat.

15

Subito

This is an Italian term. Direct translation is: quickly; suddenly. It is used alongside
other musical commands to make an immediate or abrupt effect.