Vocabulary List 20 Flashcards Preview

English Lexicon > Vocabulary List 20 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocabulary List 20 Deck (200):
1

Define the following:

Foyer

n. an entrance hall

2

Define the following:

Dais

n. a low platform for a lectern, seats of honor, or throne

3

Define the following:

Portico

n. a structure consisting of a roof buttressed by columns at regular intervals, typically attached as a porch to a building

4

Define the following:

Chaise

n. a horse-drawn carriage for one or two people, typically with an open top and two wheels
n. short for post chaise which is a horse-drawn carriage used for transporting passengers or mail in the 18th to early 19th century
n. short for chaise lounge which is a reclining chair with a lengthened seat for a leg rest

5

Define the following:

Parlor

n. a sitting room of a private house
n. a room in a public building for receiving guests
n. a room in a monastery or convent for conversation
n. [usu. with modifier] a shop or business providing specified goods or services: ice cream parlor, funeral parlor
n. (also milking parlor) a room or building equipped for milking cows
adj. denoting a person who professes but does not actively give support to a specific political view

6

Define the following:

Monastery

n. a building or building owned by monks living under religious vows

7

Define the following:

Convent

n. a Christian community under monastic rules, esp. one of nuns
n. (also convent school) a school, especially one for girls, attached to and run by convent
n. a building or buildings owned by a convent

8

Define the following:

Parapet

n. a low protective wall off the edge of a roof, bridge, or balcony
n. a protective wall or earth defense along the top of a trench or other place of concealment for troops

9

Define the following:

Gunwale

n. the upper portion of the side of a boat or ship

10

Define the following:

Gable

n. (also gable end) a wall topped with a gable
n. a raised wall that closes off a pitched roof

11

Define the following:

Chiffonier

n. a tall chest of drawers often with a mirror on top
n. a low cupboard, sometimes with a raised bookshelf on top

12

Define the following:

Parquet

n. (parquet flooring) flooring composed of wooden blocks in a geometric pattern
n. the ground floor of a theatre or auditorium

13

Define the following:

Plinth

n. a heavy base supporting a statue or base
n. the lower square slab at the base of a column

14

Define the following:

Threshold

n. the bottom of a doorway or entrance
n. the beginning of an airport runway on which an aircraft is attempting to land
n. the magnitude or intensity that must be exceeded for a certain reaction, phenomenon, result, or condition to occur or be manifested: threshold level
n. the maximum level of radiation nor a concentration of a substance considered to be acceptable or safe: their water should meet the safety threshold of 50 mG of nitrates per liter
n. a limit below which a stimulus causes no reaction
n. a level, rate, or amount at which something comes into effect: tax threshold

15

Define the following:

Rung

n. a horizontal support of a person's foot on a ladder
n. a strengthening cross piece in the structure of a chair

16

Define the following:

Belfry

n. a place for hanging bells in a church tower
n. a bell tower, or steeple housing bells, especially one that is part of a church

17

Define the following:

Hospice

n. a home providing care for the sick
n. a lodging for travelers

18

Define the following:

Transept

n. (a cross-shaped building) either of the two parts making up the arms of the cross shape, projecting at right angles from the nave

19

Define the following:

Nave

n. the central part of a church building, intended to accommodate most of the congregation. In traditional Western churches it is rectangular, separated from the chancel by a step or rail, and from adjacent aisles by pillars

20

Define the following:

Chancel

n. the part of a church near the altar, reserved for the clergy and choir, and typically separated from the nave by steps or a screen

21

Define the following:

Terminus

n. a final point in space or time; an end or extremity: the exhibition’s terminus is 1962
n. the end of a railroad or other transportation route or a station at such a point; a terminal
n. a figure of a human bust or an animal ending in a square pillar from which it appears to spring, originally used as a boundary marker in Ancient Rome

22

Define the following:

Canteen

n. a restaurant provided by a college, factory, military base, or company for its students, workers, soldiers, etc.

23

Define the following:

Fief

n. an estate of land held under the condition of feudal service
n. a person’s sphere of operation or control

24

Define the following:

Partition

n. a structure dividing a space into two parts
v. divide into parts
v. divide (a room) into smaller rooms or areas by erecting partitions: the hall was partitioned to contain the noise of the computers
v. (partition something off) separate a part of a room from the rest by erecting a partition: partition off part of a large bedroom to create a small bathroom

25

Define the following:

Cabaret

n. a nightclub or restaurant where entertainment is performed
n. entertainment in nightclubs or restaurants while the audience eats or drinks at tables

26

Define the following:

Veneer

n. a thin decorative covering of fine wood over a coarser wood or other material
n. a layer of wood used to make plywood
n. an attractive appearance or facade used to mask one's true feelings or nature
v. cover or disguise (one's true nature) with an attractive appearance
v. cover (something) with a decorative layer of fine wood

27

Define the following:

Dike

n. a long wall or embankment used to prevent flooding
n. a low wall or earthwork used as a boundary or defense
n. a causeway, a raised road or track across low or wet ground
n. a ditch or watercourse
v. provide (land) with a wall or embankment to prevent flooding

28

Define the following:

Overlook

n. a commanding position or view
v. have a view of from above: the chateau overlooks fields of corn and olive trees

29

Define the following:

Bunting

n. a loosely woven fabric made for flags but can also be used as drapes before becoming a flag
n. flags and other colorful festive decorations

30

Define the following:

Stave

n. a vertical wooden post or plank in a building or other structure
n. a strong wooden stick or iron pole used as a weapon
n. one of the thin slats used to make the sides of a wooden bucket or barrel, a vertical wooden plank in a building or other structure
n. a staff used in sheet music
n. a verse or stanza of a poem
v. (stave something in) break something by forcing it inward or piercing it roughly: the door was staved in

31

Define the following:

Rampart

n. a defensive wall of a castle or a walled ceiling, having a broad top with a walkway and typically with a stone parapet
n. a defensive or protective barrier: the open Pacific broke on the far-off rampart of the reef

32

Define the following:

Obelisk

n. a stone pillar, typically having a square or rectangular cross section and a pyramidal top
n. a tree, mountain, or other object that resembles an obelisk

33

Define the following:

Monolith

n. a large, upright block of stone, especially one shaped into or serving as a monument or pillar
n. a very large and characterless building
n. a large block of concrete sunk in water, e.g., in the building of a dock

34

Define the following:

Withy

n. a tough, flexible branch used for tying, binding, or basketry

35

Define the following:

Bulwark

n. a defensive wall
n. a person, institution, or principle that acts as a defense: the security forces are a bulwark against the breakdown of society
n. (usu. bulwarks) an extension of a ship's sides above the level of the deck

36

Define the following:

Upholstery

n. soft, padded textile covering that is fixed to furniture such as arm chairs or sofas
n. the art of practice of fitting padded coverings to chairs or sofas

37

Define the following:

Pennant

n. a flag denoting a sports championship or other achievement
n. (also pennon) a tapering flag on a ship, especially one flown at the masthead of a vessel in commission
n. a long triangular or swallow-tailed flag, especially as a military ensign

38

Define the following:

Ensign

n. a flag or standard, especially a military or naval one indicating nationality
n. a commissioned officer of the lowest rank in the US Navy and Coast Guard, ranking above chief warrant officer and below lieutenant

39

Define the following:

Standard

n. a military or ceremonial flag carried on a pole or hoisted on a rope
n. a tree or shrub that grows on an erect stem of full height
n. a shrub grafted on an erect stem and trained in tree form
n. an upright water or gas pipe
n . a tune or song of established popularity
adj. (of a shrub) grafted on an erect stem and trained in tree form: standard roses

40

Define the following:

Cruciform

adj. having the shape of a cross
adj. of or denoting a church having a cross-shaped plan with a nave and transepts
n. a thing shaped like a cross

41

Define the following:

Chapel

n. a small building for Christian worship, typically one attached to an institution or private house
n. a part of a large church or cathedral with its own altar and dedication
n. a room or building in which funeral services are held

42

Define the following:

Xeriscape

n. a garden or landscape requiring little or no irrigation
n. a style of landscape design requiring little or no irrigation or other maintenance, used in arid regions
v. landscape (an area) in a style which requires little or no irrigations

43

Define the following:

Alcove

n. a recess, typically in the wall of a room or a garden

44

Define the following:

Doorjamb

n. each of the two upright parts of a doorframe, on one of which a door is hung

45

Define the following:

Garret

n. a top-floor or attic room

46

Define the following:

Tarpaulin

n. heavy-duty waterproof cloth, typically of tarred canvas
n. a sheet or covering of this

47

Define the following:

Cornice

n. an ornamental molding around a wall just below

48

Define the following:

Quarrel

n. a diamond-shaped pane of glass as used in lattice windows

49

Define the following:

Kiosk

n. a small open-fronted hut or cubicle from which newspapers, refreshments, etc. are sold
n. a small structure in a public area used for providing information or displaying advertisements, often incorporating an interactive display screen or screens

50

Define the following:

Orrery

n. a mechanical model of the solar system, or just of the sun, earth, and moon, used to represent their relative positions

51

Define the following:

Domicile

n. the country that a person treats as their permanent home, or lives in and has substantial connection with
n. a person's residence or home
v. treat a specified country as a permanent home: the tenant is domiciled in the US
v. reside; be based: he was domiciled in a frame house on the outskirts of town

52

Define the following:

Frame house

n. a house constructed with a skeleton framework of timber, as the ordinary wooden house

53

Define the following:

Effigy

n. a sculpture or model of a person
n. a roughly made model of a particular person, made in order to be damaged or destroyed as a protest or expression of anger: the senator was burned in effigy

54

Define the following:

Pulpit

n. a raised platform or lectern upon which a preacher delivers a sermon
n. (the pulpit) religious teaching expressed in sermons; preachers collectively: the movies could rival the pulpit as an agency of molding the ideas of the mass public

55

Define the following:

Pew

n. a long bench with a back, placed in rows
n. an enclosure or compartment containing a number of seats, used in some churches to seat a particular worshiper or group of worshipers
n. (the pews) the congregation of a church

56

Define the following:

Divan

n. a long low sofa without a back or arms, typically placed against a wall

57

Define the following:

Rise

n. an upward slope or hill
n. the vertical height of a step, arch, or incline
n. [in sing.] a source; an origin: it was here that the brooks had its rise
v. (rise to) (of a person) react with annoyance or argument to (a provocation): he didn’t rise to my teasing

58

Define the following:

Entablature

n. a long continuous lintel on a classical building supported by columns or a wall

59

Define the following:

Verdure

n. lush green vegetation
n. the fresh green color of vegetation
n. a condition of freshness

60

Define the following:

Frieze

n. a broad, horizontal band of sculpted or painted decoration, especially on a wall near the ceiling
n. the part of an entablature between the architrave and the cornice

61

Define the following:

Architrave

n. a main beam resting across the tops of columns, specifically the lower third of the entablature

62

Define the following:

Pediment

n. the triangular upper part of the front of a classical style building, typically surmounting a portico of columns

63

Define the following:

Casing

n. a frame around a door or window

64

Define the following:

Stile

n. an arrangement of steps that allows people but not animals to climb over a fence or a wall
n. a vertical piece in the frame of a paneled door or sash window

65

Define the following:

Sash window

n. a window with one or two sashes which can be slid vertically to make an opening

66

Define the following:

Transom

n. the flat surface forming the stern of a vessel
n. a horizontal beam forming the stern of a vessel
n. a strengthening crossbar, in particular, one set above a window or door

67

Define the following:

Transom door

n. a window set above the transom of a door or larger window; a fanlight

68

Define the following:

Sash

n. a frame holding the glass in a window, typically one of two sliding frames

69

Define the following:

Terra firma

n. dry land; the ground

70

Define the following:

Aqueduct

n. an artificial channel for conveying water, typically in the form of a bridge supported by tall columns across a valley
n. (in anatomy) a small canal containing fluid

71

Define the following:

Hayloft

n. a loft over a stable or barn used for storing hay or straw

72

Define the following:

Settee

n. a long upholstered seat for more than one person, typically with a back and arms

73

Define the following:

Hutch

n. a box or cage, typically with a wire mesh front, for keeping rabbits, ferrets, or other small domesticated animals
n. a small storage chest
n. a cupboard or dresser typically with open shelves above

74

Define the following:

Atoll

n. a ring-shaped reef, island, or chain of islands formed of coral

75

Define the following:

Windlass

n. a type of winch used especially on ships to hoist anchors and haul on mooring lines and, especially formerly, to lower buckets into and hoist them up from wells
v. haul or lift (something) with a windlass

76

Define the following:

Handspike

n. a wooden rod with an iron tip, used as a lever on board ship and by artillery soldiers

77

Define the following:

Dive

n. (also dive bar) a shabby or sleazy bar or similar establishment: he got into a fight in some dive
n. a sudden and significant fall in prices or profits: an 11 percent dive in profits

78

Define the following:

Gully

n. a water-worn ravine
n. a deep artificial channel serving as a gutter or drain
v. erode gullies into (land) by water action: he began to pick away over the gullied landscape

79

Define the following:

Duplex

n. a house divided into two apartments, with a separate entrance for each
n. an apartment on two floors
adj. (of a house) consisting of two apartments
adj. (of an apartment) on two floors
adj. (of paper or board) having two differentl colored layers or sides
adj. (of a printer or its software) capable of printing on both sides of the paper

80

Define the following:

Penitentiary

n. a prison for people who have committed serious crimes

81

Define the following:

Parsonage

n. a church house provided for a member of the clergy

82

Define the following:

Tip

n. a place where trash is deposited; a dump

83

Define the following:

Chifforobe

n. a piece of furniture with drawers on one side and hanging space on the other

84

Define the following:

Calaboose

n. a prison

85

Define the following:

Wharf

n. a level quayside area to which a ship may be moored to load and unload

86

Define the following:

Outcrop

n. a rock formation that is visible on the surface: dramatic limestone outcrops

87

Define the following:

Promontory

n. a point of high land that juts out into a large body of water; a headland: a rocky promontory

88

Define the following:

Headland

n. a narrow piece of land that projects from a coastline into the sea
n. a strip of land left unplowed at the end of a field

89

Define the following:

Crag

n. a steep or rugged cliff or rock face

90

Define the following:

Estuary

n. the tidal mouth of a large river, where the tide meets the stream

91

Define the following:

Steeple

n. a church tower and spire
n. a spire on the top of a church tower or roof

92

Define the following:

Vestibule

n. an antechamber, hall, or lobby next to the outer door of a building
n. an enclosed entrance compartment in a railroad car

93

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. an entrance hall

Foyer

94

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a low platform for a lectern, seats of honor, or throne

Dais

95

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a structure consisting of a roof buttressed by columns at regular intervals, typically attached as a porch to a building

Portico

96

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a horse-drawn carriage for one or two people, typically with an open top and two wheels

Chaise

97

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. an establishment where a hairdresser, beautician, or couturier conducts business
n. a reception room in a large house
n. a meeting or regular social gathering at the house of a celebrity or socialite

Salon

98

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a sitting room of a private house
n. a room in a public building for receiving guests
n. a room in a monastery or convent for conversation

Parlor

99

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a building or building owned by monks living under religious vows

Monastery

100

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a Christian community under monastic rules, esp. one of nuns

Convent

101

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a raised wall that closes off a pitched roof

Gable

102

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a low protective wall off the edge of a roof, bridge, or balcony
n. a protective wall or earth defense along the top of a trench or other place of concealment for troops

Parapet

103

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. the upper portion of the side of a boat or ship

Gunwale

104

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a tall chest of drawers often with a mirror on top
n. a low cupboard, sometimes with a raised bookshelf on top

Chiffonier

105

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. flooring composed of wooden blocks in a geometric pattern
n. the ground floor of a theatre or auditorium

Parquet

106

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a heavy base supporting a statue or base
n. the lower square slab at the base of a column

Plinth

107

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a horizontal support of a person's foot on a ladder
n. a strengthening cross piece in the structure of a chair

Rung

108

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. the bottom of a doorway or entrance
n. the beginning of an airport runway on which an aircraft is attempting to land
n. the magnitude or intensity that must be exceeded for a certain reaction, phenomenon, result, or condition to occur or be manifested

Threshold

109

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a place for hanging bells in a church tower
n. a bell tower, or steeple housing bells, especially one that is part of a church

Belfry

110

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a home providing care for the sick
n. a lodging for travelers

Hospice

111

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. (a cross-shaped building) either of the two parts making up the arms of the cross shape, projecting at right angles from the nave

Transept

112

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. the central part of a church building, intended to accommodate most of the congregation. In traditional Western churches it is rectangular, separated from the chancel by a step or rail, and from adjacent aisles by pillars

Nave

113

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. the part of a church near the altar, reserved for the clergy and choir, and typically separated from the nave by steps or a screen

Chancel

114

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a final point in space or time; an end or extremity
n. the end of a railroad or other transportation route or a station at such a point; a terminal

Terminus

115

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a restaurant provided by a college, factory, military base, or company for its students, workers, soldiers, etc.

Canteen

116

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. an estate of land held under the condition of feudal service
n. a person’s sphere of operation or control

Fief

117

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a structure dividing a space into two parts
v. divide into parts

Partition

118

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a nightclub or restaurant where entertainment is performed
n. entertainment in nightclubs or restaurants while the audience eats or drinks at tables

Cabaret

119

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a thin decorative covering of fine wood over a coarser wood or other material
n. a layer of wood used to make plywood
n. an attractive appearance or facade used to mask one's true feelings or nature
v. cover or disguise (one's true nature) with an attractive appearance

Veneer

120

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a long wall or embankment used to prevent flooding
n. a low wall or earthwork used as a boundary or defense
n. a causeway, a raised road or track across low or wet ground
n. a ditch or watercourse
v. provide (land) with a wall or embankment to prevent flooding

Dike

121

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a commanding position or view
v. have a view of from above

Overlook

122

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a loosely woven fabric made for flags but can also be used as drapes before becoming a flag
n. flags and other colorful festive decorations

Bunting

123

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a vertical wooden post or plank in a building or other structure
n. a strong wooden stick or iron pole used as a weapon
n. one of the thin slats used to make the sides of a wooden bucket or barrel, a vertical wooden plank in a building or other structure
n. a staff used in sheet music
n. a verse or stanza of a poem

Stave

124

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a defensive wall of a castle or a walled ceiling, having a broad top with a walkway and typically with a stone parapet
n. a defensive or protective barrier

Rampart

125

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a stone pillar, typically having a square or rectangular cross section and a pyramidal top

Obelisk

126

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a large, upright block of stone, especially one shaped into or serving as a monument or pillar
n. a very large and characterless building
n. a large block of concrete sunk in water, e.g., in the building of a dock

Monolith

127

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a tough, flexible branch used for tying, binding, or basketry

Withy

128

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a defensive wall
n. a person, institution, or principle that acts as a defense

Bulwark

129

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. soft, padded textile covering that is fixed to furniture such as arm chairs or sofas
n. the art of practice of fitting padded coverings to chairs or sofas

Upholstery

130

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a flag denoting a sports championship or other achievement
n. (also pennon) a tapering flag on a ship, especially one flown at the masthead of a vessel in commission
n. a long triangular or swallow-tailed flag, especially as a military ensign

Pennant

131

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a flag or standard, especially a military or naval one indicating nationality
n. a commissioned officer of the lowest rank in the US Navy and Coast Guard, ranking above chief warrant officer and below lieutenant

Ensign

132

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a military or ceremonial flag carried on a pole or hoisted on a rope
n. a tree or shrub that grows on an erect stem of full height
n. a shrub grafted on an erect stem and trained in tree form

Standard

133

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

adj. having the shape of a cross
adj. of or denoting a church having a cross-shaped plan with a nave and transepts
n. a thing shaped like a cross

Cruciform

134

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a small building for Christian worship, typically one attached to an institution or private house
n. a part of a large church or cathedral with its own altar and dedication
n. a room or building in which funeral services are held

Chapel

135

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a garden or landscape requiring little or no irrigation
n. a style of landscape design requiring little or no irrigation or other maintenance, used in arid regions
v. landscape (an area) in a style which requires little or no irrigations

Xeriscape

136

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a recess, typically in the wall of a room or a garden

Alcove

137

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. each of the two upright parts of a doorframe, on one of which a door is hung

Doorjamb

138

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a top-floor or attic room

Garret

139

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. heavy-duty waterproof cloth, typically of tarred canvas
n. a sheet or covering of this

Tarpaulin

140

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a top-floor or attic room

Garret

141

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. an ornamental molding around a wall just below the ceiling
n. a horizontal molded projection crowning a building or structure, the uppermost third of the entablature, surmounting the frieze
n. an overhanging mass of hardened snow at the edge of a mountain precipice

Cornice

142

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a small open-fronted hut or cubicle from which newspapers, refreshments, etc. are sold
n. a small structure in a public area used for providing information or displaying advertisements, often incorporating an interactive display screen or screens

Kiosk

143

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a mechanical model of the solar system, or just of the sun, earth, and moon, used to represent their relative positions

Orrery

144

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. the country that a person treats as their permanent home, or lives in and has substantial connection with
n. a person's residence or home
v. treat a specified country as a permanent home

Domicile

145

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a house constructed with a skeleton framework of timber, as the ordinary wooden house

Frame house

146

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a sculpture or model of a person
n. a roughly made model of a particular person, made in order to be damaged or destroyed as a protest or expression of anger

Effigy

147

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a raised platform or lectern upon which a preacher delivers a sermon

Pulpit

148

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a long bench with a back, placed in rows
n. an enclosure or compartment containing a number of seats, used in some churches to seat a particular worshiper or group of worshipers

Pew

149

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a long low sofa without a back or arms, typically placed against a wall

Divan

150

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. an upward slope or hill
n. the vertical height of a step, arch, or incline
n. [in sing.] a source; an origin

Rise

151

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. lush green vegetation
n. the fresh green color of vegetation
n. a condition of freshness

Verdure

152

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a long continuous lintel on a classical building supported by columns or a wall

Entablature

153

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a broad, horizontal band of sculpted or painted decoration, especially on a wall near the ceiling
n. the part of an entablature between the architrave and the cornice

Frieze

154

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a main beam resting across the tops of columns, specifically the lower third of the entablature

Architrave

155

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. the triangular upper part of the front of a classical style building, typically surmounting a portico of columns

Pediment

156

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a frame around a door or window

Casing

157

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. an arrangement of steps that allows people but not animals to climb over a fence or a wall
n. a vertical piece in the frame of a paneled door or sash window

Stile

158

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a window with one or two sashes which can be slid vertically to make an opening

Sash window

159

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. the flat surface forming the stern of a vessel
n. a horizontal beam forming the stern of a vessel
n. a strengthening crossbar, in particular, one set above a window or door

Transom

160

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a window set above the transom of a door or larger window; a fanlight

Transom door

161

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a vertical bar between the panes of glass in a window or between the panels of a door, also muntin

Mullion

162

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a frame holding the glass in a window, typically one of two sliding frames

Sash

163

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. dry land; the ground

Terra firma

164

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. an artificial channel for conveying water, typically in the form of a bridge supported by tall columns across a valley

Aqueduct

165

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a loft over a stable or barn used for storing hay or straw

Hayloft

166

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a long upholstered seat for more than one person, typically with a back and arms

Settee

167

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a box or cage, typically with a wire mesh front, for keeping rabbits, ferrets, or other small domesticated animals
n. a small storage chest
n. a cupboard or dresser typically with open shelves above

Hutch

168

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a ring-shaped reef, island, or chain of islands formed of coral

Atoll

169

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a type of winch used especially on ships to hoist anchors and haul on mooring lines and, especially formerly, to lower buckets into and hoist them up from wells

Windlass

170

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a wooden rod with an iron tip, used as a lever on board ship and by artillery soldiers

Handspike

171

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a shabby or sleazy bar or similar establishment

Dive

172

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a water-worn ravine
n. a deep artificial channel serving as a gutter or drain

Gully

173

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a house divided into two apartments, with a separate entrance for each
n. an apartment on two floors
adj. (of a house) consisting of two apartments
adj. (of an apartment) on two floors
adj. (of paper or board) having two differentl colored layers or sides
adj. (of a printer or its software) capable of printing on both sides of the paper

Duplex

174

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a prison for people who have committed serious crimes

Penitentiary

175

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a church house provided for a member of the clergy

Parsonage

176

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a place where trash is deposited; a dump

Tip

177

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a piece of furniture with drawers on one side and hanging space on one side and hanging space on the other

Chifforobe

178

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a prison

Calaboose

179

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a rock formation that is visible on the surface

Outcrop

180

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a point of high land that juts out into a large body of water; a headland

Promontory

181

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a narrow piece of land that projects from a coastline into the sea
n. a strip of land left unplowed at the end of a field

Headland

182

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a steep or rugged cliff or rock face

Crag

183

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. the tidal mouth of a large river, where the tide meets the stream

Estuary

184

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a church tower and spire
n. a spire on the top of a church tower or roof

Steeple

185

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. an antechamber, hall, or lobby next to the outer door of a building
n. an enclosed entrance compartment in a railroad car

Vestibule

186

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a small room leading to a larger one

Antechamber

187

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a cavity in the ground. especially in limestone bedrock, caused by water erosion and providing a route for surface water to disappear underground

Sinkhole

188

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a main rafter supporting purlins

Principal

189

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a horizontal beam along the length of a roof, resting on a main rafter and supporting the common rafters or boards

Purlin

190

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a fence of wooden stakes or iron railing fixed in the ground, forming an enclosure or defense

Palisade

191

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. a level paved area or platform next to a building; a patio or veranda
n. each of a series of flat areas made on a slope, used for cultivation
n. a row house, one of a row of houses built so as to share a wall and to conserve space
v. make or form (sloping land) into a number of level flat areas resembling a series of steps

Terrace

192

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. an axle or spindle on which something revolves
n. a device holding a tool in a lathe
n. a shady garden alcove with sides and a roof formed by trees or climbing plants trained over a wooden framework

Arbor

193

Define the following:

Vestibule

n. an antechamber, hall, or lobby next to the outer door of a building
n. an enclosed entrance compartment in a railroad car

194

Define the following:

Antechamber

n. a small room leading to a larger one

195

Define the following:

Sinkhole

n. a cavity in the ground
especially in limestone bedrock, caused by water erosion and providing a route for surface water to disappear underground

196

Define the following:

Principal (architecture only)

n. a main rafter supporting purlins

197

Define the following:

Purlin

n. a horizontal beam along the length of a roof, resting on a main rafter and supporting the common rafters or boards

198

Define the following:

Palisade

n. a fence of wooden stakes or iron railing fixed in the ground, forming an enclosure or defense
n. (palisades) a line of high cliffs

199

Define the following:

Terrace

n. a level paved area or platform next to a building; a patio or veranda
n. each of a series of flat areas made on a slope, used for cultivation
n. a row house, one of a row of houses built so as to share a wall and to conserve space
v. make or form (sloping land) into a number of level flat areas resembling a series of steps

200

Define the following:

Arbor

n. an axle or spindle on which something revolves
n. a device holding a tool in a lathe
n. a shady garden alcove with sides and a roof formed by trees or climbing plants trained over a wooden framework