Vocabulary List 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocabulary List 4 Deck (200):
1

Define the following:

Cultivated

(1 adjective, 2 verbs)

adj. refined and well-educated

v. try to acquire or develop (a skill, quality, or sentiment)

v. try to win the friendship or favor of (someone)

2

Define the following:

Impound

(1 verb)

v. seize and take legal custody of (something, especially a vehicle, goods, or documents) because of an infringement of a law or regulation

3

Define the following:

Racketeering

(1 noun)

n. the action of engaging in dishonest and fraudulent activities

4

Define the following:

Forbearance

(1 noun)

n. tolerance and restraint; patient self-control

5

Define the following:

Rotund

(3 adjectives)

adj. plump

adj. round or spherical

adj. (of speech or literary style) indulgent in grandiloquent expression

6

Define the following:

Seditious

(1 adjective)

adj. instigating rebellion against the authority of a state or monarch

7

Define the following:

Waxen

(1 adjective)

adj. having a pale, translucent, smooth surface or appearance like wax

8

Define the following:

Oblong

(1 adjective, 1 noun)

adj. having an elongated shape, as a rectangle or an oval

n. a flat figure or object in an elongated rectangle or oval shape

9

Define the following:

Oligarchy

(2 nouns)

n. a small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution

n. a country governed by an oligarchy

10

Define the following:

Deride

(1 verb)

v. flout, express contempt for

11

Define the following:

Duplicity

(1 noun)

n. deceitfulness, guile

12

Define the following:

Relate

(1 verb)

v. to give an account of a sequence of events

13

Define the following:

Solipsism

(1 noun)

n. the view or theory that the self is all that can be known to exist

14

Define the following:

Vitriol

(2 nouns)

n. sulfuric acid

n. cruel and acerbic criticism

15

Define the following:

Malignant

(2 adjectives)

adj. malevolent

adj. (of a disease) very virulent and infectious

16

Define the following:

Virulent

(2 adjectives)

adj. bitterly hostile

adj. (of a disease or poison) very severe or harmful in its effects

17

Define the following:

Diminution

(1 noun)

n. a reduction in size, quality, or importance of something

18

Define the following:

Preface

(1 noun, 1 verb)

n. an introduction to a book, speech, or event

v. (preface something with/by) introduce or begin with or by doing something

19

Define the following:

Corporeal

(2 adjectives)

adj. of or relating to a person's body, as opposed to their spirit

adj. having a body

20

Define the following:

Castrato

(1 adjective)

n. a male singer castrated in boyhood to retain a soprano or alto voice

21

Define the following:

Vocation

(2 nouns)

n. a strong feeling of suitability for a particular career or occupation

n. a trade or profession

22

Define the following:

Subjugate

(2 verbs)

v. bring under domination or control, especially by conquest

v. (subjugate someone/something to) make someone or something a vassal

23

Define the following:

Heterogenous

(1 adjective)

adj. diverse in character or content, sundry

24

Define the following:

Multiplicity

(2 nouns)

n. a large number (a multiplicity of money)

n. a large variety (a multiplicity of dog breeds)

25

Define the following:

Manifold

(1 adjective)

adj. many and various (the colors on the painting was manifold)

26

Define the following:

Preponderance

(1 noun)

n. the fact or quality of being greater in quality, number, or importance (a forest with a preponderance of Apache pines)

27

Define the following:

Advantageous

(1 adjective)

adj. conducive, efficacious, involving or creating favorable circumstances that increase the chance of success or effectiveness

28

Define the following:

Predominate

(2 verbs)

v. be the strongest or main element; be greater in number or amount (rabbits predominate the valley)

v. have or exert control or power (the king predominated over his vassals)

29

Define the following:

Ism

(1 noun)

n. a distinctive practice, system, or philosophy, typically an ideology or an artistic movement, e.g. monotheism, solipsism, illusionism

30

Define the following:

Congruous

(1 adjective)

adj. in agreement or harmony, jibing (the results are congruous with his hypothesis)

31

Define the following:

Highbrow

(1 adjective)

adj. scholarly or rarefied in taste

32

Define the following:

Provender

(1 noun)

n. food

33

Define the following:

Gait

(1 noun)

n. a person's manner of walking

34

Define the following:

Keynote

(1 noun)

n. a prevailing note or central theme, typically introduced at the beginning of a conference (keynote speech)

35

Define the following:

Bewail

(2 verbs)

v. express great contrition, disappointment, or bitterness over something

v. to cry or wail about (something)

36

Define the following:

Deliberation

(2 nouns)

n. long and careful consideration of discussion

n. slow and careful movement or thought (he moved the fragile glass with deliberation)

37

Define the following:

Nutriment

(1 noun)

n. nourishment; sustenance

38

Define the following:

Obituary

(1 noun)

n. a notice of death

39

Define the following:

Eleemosynary

(1 adjective)

adj. relating to charity; dependent on charity

40

Define the following:

Myriad

(1 noun, 1 adjective)

n. a countless or extremely great number (a myriad of computers), a multitude, a multiplicity

adj. manifold, countless or great in number

41

Define the following:

Impart

(2 verbs)

v. promulgate, make openly known

v. bestow (a quality)

42

Define the following:

Clip

(3 verbs, 2 nouns)

v. speak in a quick, precise, staccato manner

v. strike briskly; strike with a glancing blow

v. move quickly in a specified direction

n. a specified speed or rate (ran at a fast clip)

n. a quick or glancing blow

43

Define the following:

Depose

(1 verb)

v. remove from office suddenly and forcefully

44

Define the following:

Porter

(2 nouns)

n. a person appropriated to carry a load

n. an employee in charge of the entrance of a apartment complex, hotel, or other large building

45

Define the following:

Moil

(2 verbs, 2 nouns)

v. work hard, toil

v. move around in confusion or agitation (the workers moiled around in the smokey haze

n. hard work, slog

n. turmoil; confusion (the moil of his bemused thoughts)

46

Define the following:

Harken

(1 verbs)

v. to listen (harken to the speech)

47

Define the following:

Pervade

(2 verbs)

v. (esp. of a smell) spread through and be perceived of fully (the smell of bacon pervaded the air)

v. (of an influence, feeling, or quality) be present and apparent throughout

48

Define the following:

Bray

(1 noun, 1 verb)

n. a sound, voice, or laugh resembling the cry of a donkey or mule

v. speak or laugh loudly or harshly

49

Define the following:

Prefatory

(1 adjective)

adj. introductory (a prefatory note before the first chapter)

50

Define the following:

Decrepit

(2 adjectives)

adj. (of a person) elderly and infirm

adj. dilapidated, derelict

51

Define the following:

Depreciation

(1 noun)

n. a reduction in the value of something due to wear and tear

52

Define the following:

Optimal

(1 adjective)

adj. best or most favorable, optimum

53

Define the following:

Bluster

(2 verbs, 1 noun)

v. talk in a loud, aggressive, or indignant way with little effect

v. (of a storm, wind, or rain) blow or beat fiercely and noisily (a blustering tempest)

n. loud, aggressive talk with no effect

54

Define the following:

Infirm

(2 adjectives)

adj. not physically or mentally strong, esp. due to illness or aging

adj. (of a person or their judgement) weak; irresolute

55

Define the following:

Despot

(1 noun)

n. a Svengali, puissant potentate, a ruler who holds absolute power and usually uses it for malevolent purposes

56

Define the following:

Supple

(2 adjectives)

adj. not stiff or hard, tractable

adj. flexible, bending and moving easily

57

Define the following:

Ample

(2 adjectives)

adj. enough or more than enough, plentiful

adj. used euphemistically to convey that someone is fat

58

Define the following:

Euphemism

(1 noun)

n. a mild or indirect word or expression used in lieu of a word with a harsher connotation when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing

59

Define the following:

Conniption

(1 noun)

n. a fit of rage or hysterics

60

Define the following:

Gamely

(1 adjective)

adj. in a game or plucky manner

61

Define the following:

Solicit

(2 verbs)

v. ask for or try to obtain (something) from someone (he called a meeting to solicit their views)

v. ask (someone) for something (historians and critics are solicited for their opinions of the artifact's verisimilitude)

62

Define the following:

Moll

(2 nouns)

n. a gangster's female companion

n. a prostitute

63

Define the following:

Ordinance

(1 noun)

n. an authoritative order; a decree

64

Define the following:

Municipal

(1 adjective)

adj. of or relating to a city or town or its governing body (municipal budgets, education, elections, etc.)

65

Define the following:

Logophile

(1 noun)

n. a lover of words

66

Define the following:

Whinge

(1 verb, 1 noun)

v. complain persistently and in a peevish and irritating way
n. the act of complaining

67

Define the following:

Prerogative

(2 nouns)

n. a right or privilege exclusive to an individual or class (owning an automobile was still the prerogative of the rich)
n. a faculty or property distinguishing a person or class (it is not a female prerogative to feel insecure)

68

Define the following:

Duress

n. threats, violence, constraints, or other action brought to bear on someone to do something against their will or better judgement (confessions distracted under duress)

69

Define the following:

Gamine

n. a girl with mischievous or boyish charm

70

Define the following:

Chaff

n. worthless things; trash

71

Define the following:

Consignment

n. a batch of goods designated for or delivered to someone (a consignment of beef)

72

Define the following:

Jag

v. stab, pierce, or prick
n. a bout of unrestrained emotion or activity, especially drinking, crying, or laughing (a crying jag)

73

Define the following:

Splurge

n. an act of spending money freely or extravagantly
n. a large or excessive amount of something

74

Define the following:

Prop

n. a pole or beam— usually not connected— used to support or keep a structure in position

75

Define the following:

Tote

v. carry, wield, or convey

76

Define the following:

Hike

n. a sharp increase, especially in price (a hike in interest rates)
v. pull or lift up (something, especially clothing)

77

Define the following:

Dregs

n. the remnants of a liquid in a container, together with any sediments or grounds
n. the most worthless part or parts of something

78

Define the following:

Spritz

v. squirt or spray something at or onto (something) in quick, short bursts

79

Define the following:

Legion

adj. great in number

80

Define the following:

Hipshot

adj. having a posture with one hip lower than the other (always used as an adverb)

81

Define the following:

Rebuff

v. reject (someone or something) in an abrupt or ungracious manner

82

Define the following:

Dither

v. to be ambivalent
n. (singular) a state of agitation (buses are jammed and dirty and everyone is in a dither today)

83

Define the following:

Pepper

v. cover or fill with a liberal amount of scattered items
v. hit repeatedly with gunshots or missiles

84

Define the following:

Perforate

v. pierce or make a hole or holes
adj. another word for perforated; filled with holes

85

Define the following:

Noveau riche

n. people who have recently acquired wealth, typically those perceived as ostentatious or lacking in good taste

86

Define the following:

Ciserone

n. a guide who gives information about antiquities and places of interest for sightseers

87

Define the following:

Pestilence

n. a fatal epidemic disease

88

Define the following:

Agnostic

n. a person who believes that nothing is known or can be known of the existence or nature of God
adj. (in a non religious context) having a doubtful or noncommittal attitude toward something

89

Define the following:

Encapsulate

v. enclose (something) in or as if in a capsule
v. express the essential features of (someone or something) succinctly

90

Define the following:

Perpetrate

v. carry out or commit a harmful, illegal, or immoral action (a crime has perpetrated against a sovereign state)

91

Define the following:

Furbish

v. give a fresh look to something old or shabby

92

Define the following:

Fell

adj. of terrible evil or ferocity (sorcerers use spells to achieve their fell ends)

93

Define the following:

Flounce

v. go or move in an exaggeratedly impatient or angry manner
n. the action of flouncing

94

Define the following:

Salvo

n. a simultaneous discharge of artillery or guns in a battle
n. a sudden, vigorous, or aggressive act or series of acts (the pardons evoked a salvo of accusations)

95

Define the following:

Bedlam

n. a scene of uproar or confusion

96

Define the following:

Rollicking

adj. exuberantly lively and amusing
n. a severe reprimand

97

Define the following:

Bow

(4 nouns, 5 verbs)

n. The premiere or launch of a movie or product (the new big screen will make its bow at the game on Sunday)
n. a curved part of a letter (e.g., b or p)
n. a side piece or lens frame of a pair of glasses
n. the front end of a ship: water sprayed high over her bows
v. bend the body in order to see or concentrate
v. submit to pressure or demands (the mayor bowed to public remonstrations)
v. bend with age or under pressure: the vines were bowed down with flowers
v. bend in the shape of a bow: the sides were squeezed and bowed out
v. [with obj.] express (thanks, assent, or other sentiments) by ending one's head respectfully: he bowed grave thanks

98

Define the following:

Constituency

n. a body of voters in a specified area who elect a representative to a legislative body

99

Define the following:

Subsidize

v. support (an organization or activity) financially
v. pay part of the cost of producing (something) to reduce prices for the buyer

100

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a Svengali, puissant potentate, a ruler who holds absolute power and usually uses it for malevolent purposes

Despot

101

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. refined and well-educated
v. try to acquire or develop
v. try to win the friendship or favor of

Cultivate

102

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. seize and take legal custody of (something, especially a vehicle, goods, or documents) because of an infringement of a law or regulation

Impound

103

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the action of engaging in dishonest and fraudulent activities

Racketeering

104

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. tolerance and restraint; patient self-control

Forbearance

105

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. plump
adj. round or spherical
adj. (of speech or literary style) indulgent in grandiloquent expression

Rotund

106

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. instigating rebellion against the authority of a state or monarch

Seditious

107

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. having a pale, translucent, smooth surface

Waxen

108

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. having an elongated shape, as a rectangle or an oval
n. a flat figure or object in an elongated rectangle or oval shape

Oblong

109

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution

Oligarchy

110

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. flout, express contempt for

Deride

111

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. deceitfulness, guile

Duplicity

112

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to give an account of a sequence of events

Relate

113

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the view or theory that the self is all that can be known to exist

Solipsism

114

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. sulfuric acid
n. cruel and acerbic criticism

Vitriol

115

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. malevolent
adj. (of a disease) very virulent and infectious

Malignant

116

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. bitterly hostile
adj. (of a disease or poison) very severe or harmful in its effects

Virulent

117

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a reduction in size, quality, or importance of something

Diminution

118

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an introduction to a book, speech, or event
v. introduce or begin with or by doing something

Preface

119

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. of or relating to a person's body, as opposed to their spirit
adj. having a body

Corporeal

120

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a male singer castrated in boyhood to retain a soprano or alto voice

Castrato

121

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a strong feeling of suitability for a particular career or occupation
n. a trade or profession

Vocation

122

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. bring under domination or control, especially by conquest
v. make someone or something a vassal

Subjugate

123

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. diverse in character or content, sundry

Heterogeneous

124

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a large number
n. a large variety

Multiplicity

125

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. many and various

Manifold

126

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the fact or quality of being greater in quality, number, or importance

Preponderance

127

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. conducive, efficacious, involving or creating favorable circumstances that increase the chance of success or effectiveness

Advantageous

128

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. be the strongest or main element; be greater in number or amount
v. have or exert control or power

Predominate

129

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a distinctive practice, system, or philosophy, typically an ideology or an artistic movement, e.g. monotheism, solipsism, illusionism

Ism

130

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. in agreement or harmony, jibing

Congruous

131

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. scholarly or rarefied in taste

Highbrow

132

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. food

Provender

133

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a person's manner of walking

Gait

134

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a prevailing note or central theme, typically introduced at the beginning of a conference

Keynote

135

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. express great contrition, disappointment, or bitterness over something
v. to cry or wail about (something)

Bewail

136

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. long and careful consideration of discussion
n. slow and careful movement or thought

Deliberation

137

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. nourishment; sustenance

Nutriment

138

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a notice of death

Obituary

139

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. relating to charity; dependent on charity

Eleemosynary

140

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a countless or extremely great number, a multitude, a multiplicity
adj. manifold, countless or great in number

Myriad

141

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. promulgate, make openly known
v. bestow (a quality)

Impart

142

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. speak in a quick, precise, staccato manner
v. strike briskly; strike with a glancing blow
v. move quickly in a specified direction
n. a specified speed or rate
n. a quick or glancing blow

Clip

143

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. remove from office suddenly and forcefully

Depose

144

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a person appropriated to carry a load
n. an employee in charge of the entrance of a apartment complex, hotel, or other large building

Porter

145

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. work hard, toil
v. move around in confusion or agitation
n. hard work, slog
n. turmoil; confusion

Moil

146

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to listen

Harken

147

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. (esp. of a smell) spread through and be perceived of fully
v. (of an influence, feeling, or quality) be present and apparent throughout

Pervade

148

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a sound, voice, or laugh resembling the cry of a donkey or mule
v. speak or laugh loudly or harshly

Bray

149

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. introductory

Prefatory

150

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. (of a person) elderly and infirm
adj. dilapidated, derelict

Decrepit

151

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a reduction in the value of something due to wear and tear

Deprecation

152

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. best or most favorable, optimum

Optimal

153

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. talk in a loud, aggressive, or indignant way with little effect
v. (of a storm, wind, or rain) blow or beat fiercely and noisily
n. loud, aggressive talk with little affect

Bluster

154

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. not physically or mentally strong, esp. due to illness or aging
adj. (of a person or their judgement) weak; irresolute

Infirm

155

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. not stiff or hard, tractable
adj. flexible, bending and moving easily

Supple

156

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. enough or more than enough, plentiful
adj. used euphemistically to convey that someone is fat

Ample

157

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a mild or indirect word or expression used in lieu of a word with a harsher connotation when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing

Euphemism

158

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a fit of rage or hysterics

Conniption

159

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. in a game or plucky manner

Gamely

160

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. ask for or try to obtain (something) from someone
v. ask (someone) for something

Solicit

161

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a gangster's female companion
n. a prostitute

Moll

162

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an authoritative order; a decree

Ordinance

163

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. of or relating to a city or town or its governing body

Municipal

164

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a lover of words

Logophile

165

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. complain persistently and in a peevish and irritating way
n. the act of complaining

Whinge

166

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a right or privilege exclusive to an individual or class
n. a faculty or property distinguishing a person or class

Prerogative

167

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. threats, violence, constraints, or other action brought to bear on someone to do something against their will or better judgement

Duress

168

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a girl with mischievous or boyish charm

Gamine

169

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. worthless things; trash

Chaff

170

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a batch of goods designated for or delivered to someone

Consignment

171

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. stab, pierce, or prick
n. a bout of unrestrained emotion or activity, especially drinking, crying, or laughing

Jag

172

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an act of spending money freely or extravagantly
n. a large or excessive amount of something

Splurge

173

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a pole or beam— usually not connected— used to support or keep a structure in position

Prop

174

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. carry, wield, or convey

Tote

175

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a sharp increase, especially in price
v. pull or lift up (something, especially clothing)

Hike

176

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the remnants of a liquid in a container, together with any sediments or grounds
n. the most worthless part or parts of something

Dregs

177

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. squirt or spray something at or onto (something) in quick, short bursts

Spritz

178

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. great in number

Legion

179

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. having a posture with one hip lower than the other (always used as an adverb)

Hipshot

180

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. reject (someone or something) in an abrupt or ungracious manner

Rebuff

181

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to be ambivalent
n. (singular) a state of agitation

Dither

182

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. cover or fill with a liberal amount of scattered items
v. hit repeatedly with gunshots or missiles

Pepper

183

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. pierce or make a hole or holes

Perforate

184

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. people who have recently acquired wealth, typically those perceived as ostentatious or lacking in good taste

Nouveau riche

185

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a guide who gives information about antiquities and places of interest for sightseers

Ciserone

186

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a fatal epidemic disease

Pestilence

187

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a person who believes that nothing is known or can be known of the existence or nature of God
adj. (in a non religious context) having a doubtful or noncommittal attitude toward something

Agnostic

188

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. enclose (something) in or as if in a capsule
v. express the essential features of (someone or something) succinctly

Encapsulate

189

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. carry out or commit a harmful, illegal, or immoral action

Perpetrate

190

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. give a fresh look to something old or shabby

Furbish

191

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. of terrible evil or ferocity

Fell

192

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. go or move in an exaggeratedly impatient or angry manner

Flounce

193

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a simultaneous discharge of artillery or guns in a battle
n. a sudden, vigorous, or aggressive act or series of acts

Salvo

194

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a scene of uproar or confusion

Bedlam

195

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. exuberantly lively and amusing
n. a severe reprimand

Rollicking

196

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. The premiere or launch of a movie or product
v. bend the body in order to see or concentrate
v. submit to pressure or demands

Bow

197

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a body of voters in a specified area who elect a representative to a legislative body

Constituency

198

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. support (an organization or activity) financially
v. pay part of the cost of producing (something) to reduce prices for the buyer

Subsidize

199

Define the following:

Scroop

n. the back cover of a book

200

Which of your vocabulary words mean the following?

n. the back cover of a book

Scroop