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LEED Green Associate > Water Efficiency > Flashcards

Flashcards in Water Efficiency Deck (65):
1

List some examples of efficient irrigation practices.

  • Water early or late in the day to minimize evaporation.
  • Develop and follow a seasonal maintenance schedule for a healthy and maintained landscape.
  • Commission irrigation systems and controllers.

2

List the two primary sources of potable water.

  • Municipal water systems
  • A private or public well

3

List some options for achieving the Water Efficient Landscaping credit.

  • capture rainwater, graywater, or public non-potable water.
  • use no potable water for irrigation.

4

_____ are subsets of washroom facilities used by different types of occupants.

Fixture usage groups

5

What type of plant reduces irrigation water demand?

Native species

6

Outdoor uses, primarily landscaping, account for __% of the 26 billion gallons of water consumed daily in the United States.

30

7

List the two most appropriate uses for graywater.

  • Toilet flushing
  • Drip irrigation

8

_____ is the type of water that is not allowed to be used for irrigation purposes.

Blackwater

9

What does a water analysis compare?

Water analyses compare the cost of adding rainwater cisterns, other storage for reclaimed water, or advanced irrigation technologies with the cost savings from reducing potable water use.

10

Describe xeriscaping as it applies to water efficiency.

A landscaping method that makes routine irrigation unnecessary. It uses drought-adaptable and low-water plants as well as soil amendments such as compost and mulches to reduce evaporation.

11

_____ plants can survive on natural rainfall quantities after initial planting.

climate-tolerant

12

List two benefits of using graywater for landscape irrigation.

  • Reduces stormwater runoff onsite
  • Reduces soil erosion from vegetation areas

13

_____ is necessary for projects using automatic sensors or flow valves.

Calibration

14

Describe hypertrophication as it applies to Water Efficiency.

Hypertrophication causes a reduction in overall water quality due to an increase in the concentration of chemical nutrients.

15

The standard LEED uses to establish baseline water use rates for plumbing fixtures is the _____.

Energy Policy Act

16

What should be performed to determine which plants will adapt best to the site and specify the most suitable plants?

Soil and climate analysis

17

What is the unit with which toilet and urinal water usage is measured?

gallons per flush (GPF)

18

Full Time Employees + Transients = _____

Peak building users

19

Which kind of roofing materials are ideal for rainwater harvest?

Metal, clay, or concrete-based roofing materials.

20

Which kind of roofing materials are NOT good for rainwater harvest?

Asphalt or lead-containing materials

21

Why are asphalt or lead-containing materials not recommendable for rainwater harvest?

Asphalt or lead-containing materials contaminate the harvested water.

22

Define Tertiary Treatment.

Tertiary treatment is the highest form of wastewater treatment. It includes removal of organics, solids, and nutrients, with biological or chemical polishing to effluent limits of biological oxygen demand (BOD) and suspended solids (TSS).

23

What is described below?

  • Addresses energy & water use in commercial, institutional, and recreational facilities
  • Sets baseline for building water fixtures
  • Doesn’t cover process water

Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992

24

Project-specific evapotranspiration rate =

_____ + transpiration from plant surfaces

evaporation from soil

25

Define density factor as it applies to water efficiency.

The density factor accounts for the number of plants and the total leaf area of a landscape.

26

Define scheduling as it relates to efficient irrigation practices.

Scheduling is watering the landscape during cooler, less windy parts of the day.

27

These are examples of what?

  • Water used in mechanical systems 
  • Water used in building systems: cooling towers, boilers & chillers
  • Car wash water

Process water

28

Define evapotranspiration rate.

The evapotranspiration rate is a measurement of the total amount of water needed to grow a reference plant (such as grass or alfalfa), expressed in millimeters or inches.

29

_____ remove heat from machinery via water circulation & steam.

Cooling towers

30

How is the design case annual water use determined?

It is determined by totaling the annual volume of each fixture type and subtracting any nonpotable water supply.

31

Define landscape coefficient.

The landscape coefficient indicates the volume of water lost via evapotranspiration and varies with plant species, microclimate, and planting density.

32

Define drip irrigation.

Drip irrigation delivers water at low pressure through buried mains and submains. From the submains, water is distributed to the soil from a network of perforated tubes or emitters.

33

Define baseline irrigation water use.

Baseline irrigation water use is the amount of water used by conventional irrigation in the region.

34

_____ are motion detectors that automatically turn lavatories, sinks, water closets, and urinals on and turn off.

Automatic fixture sensors

35

Define nonwater toilet systems.

Nonwater (or composting) toilet systems are dry plumbing fixtures and fittings that contain and treat human waste via a microbiological process.

36

In general, what are ecologically appropriate features?

Ecologically appropriate features are natural, inanimate elements of the landscape.

37

What is the intent of water use reduction?

To increase water efficiency within buildings, and to reduce the burden on municipal water supply and wastewater systems.

38

_____ transforms waste into resources that can be used on the building site.

On-site biological treatment

39

A _____ must be developed for the cooling tower that addresses chemical treatment, bleed-off, biological control, and staff training.

water management plan

40

A _____ enables comparison of trade-offs for water conservation strategies and evaluation of the impact of water infrastructure on other systems.

Water budget

41

List some examples of effective methods for reducing potable water use for sewage conveyance.

  • install high-efficiency and nonwater flush fixtures
  • collect rainwater
  • reuse graywater

42

The _____ defines maximum flow rates and consumption for plumbing fixtures and fittings, including public and private lavatories, showerheads, sink faucets, urinals, and water closets.

International Plumbing Code

43

List some advantages of collecting rainwater.

  • reduces the need for runoff devices
  • minimizes the need for municipal water
  • decreases operating costs

44

List some examples of high-efficiency irrigation.

  • use of microirrigation systems
  • moisture sensors
  • rain shut-offs
  • weather-based evapotranspiration controllers

45

What is WaterSense?

WaterSense is a product label that certifies that a product performs efficiently and helps save money.

46

The total allowable flow rate from all flowing showerheads at any given time must be limited to _____ gpm per shower compartment

• 2.5 gpm

47

These are examples of what?

  • Water early or late in the day to minimize evaporation.
  • Develop and follow a seasonal maintenance schedule for a healthy and maintained landscape.
  • Commission irrigation systems and controllers.

Efficient Irrigation Practices

48

How do native species affect water efficient irrigation?

Native species may reduce irrigation water demand.

49

_____ is a system by which water falls drop by drop at the position of the plants' roots. 

Drip Irrigation

50

_____ is a reduction in overall water quality due to an increase in the concentration of chemical nutrients.

Hypertrophication

51

_____ is the highest form of wastewater treatment. It includes removal of organics, solids, and nutrients, with biological or chemical polishing to effluent limits of biological oxygen demand (BOD) and suspended solids (TSS).

Tertiary treatment

52

The _____ is determined by totaling the annual volume of each fixture type and subtracting any nonpotable water supply.

Design case annual water use

53

The _____ indicates the volume of water lost via evapotranspiration and varies with plant species, microclimate, and planting density.

Landscape coefficient

54

_____ delivers water at low pressure through buried mains and submains. From the submains, water is distributed to the soil from a network of perforated tubes or emitters.

Drip irrigation

55

Define automatic fixture sensors as they apply to water efficiency.

Automatic fixture sensors are motion detectors that automatically turn lavatories, sinks, water closets, and urinals on and turn off.

56

These all help reduce what?

  • installing high-efficiency and nonwater flush fixtures
  • collecting rainwater
  • reusing graywater

The use of potable water for sewage conveyance

57

What does the International Plumbing Code define?

The maximum flow rates and consumption for plumbing fixtures and fittings, including public and private lavatories, showerheads, sink faucets, urinals, and water closets.

58

These are examples of what?

  • use of microirrigation systems
  • moisture sensors
  • rain shut-offs
  • weather-based evapotranspiration controllers

High-efficiency irrigation

59

_____ is a product label that certifies that a water product performs efficienctly and helps save money.

WaterSense

60

Why should soil and climate analysis be performed?

To determine which plants will adapt best to the site and specify the most suitable plants.

61

The _____ accounts for the number of plants and the total leaf area of a landscape.

density factor

62

The _____ is a measurement of the total amount of water needed to grow a reference plant (such as grass or alfalfa), expressed in millimeters or inches.

evapotranspiration rate

63

_____ is the amount of water used by conventional irrigation in the region.

Baseline irrigation water use

64

_____ are natural, inanimate elements of the landscape.

Ecologically appropriate features

65

The water management plan that has to be developed for the cooling tower must address what issues?

  • chemical treatment
  • bleed-off
  • biological control
  • staff training