Flashcards in Week 1- Imaging of UT Deck (13)
What are the disadvantages of USS?
-Highly operator dependant
Why can you visualise kidneys on a plain x-ray?
-Fat around the kidneys
When can you see the ureter?
-When it is calcified
Why do you use CT scan on kidneys?
-Identify stones in calyces
-Identify tumours and staging
When do you use MRI?
-Local staging of tumours
-To differentiate between fluids, solids and blood
What is the purpose of an MR angiogram?
-Identify Stenosis or aneurysm
What is an ectopic ureter?
-Ureter terminates at a site other than bladder eg urethra
What is a horseshoe kidney?
-Kidneys touch during ascent and join together then carry on ascending
-Get stuck underneath IMA
What is crossed renal ectopia?-
-Two kidneys on one side
What is the purpose of a micturating cystogram?
-Identify leaks and refluxes
What is the purpose of a urethrogram?
-Look for strictures
What is a DMSA Scan?
-Nucleotide marker used to visualise kidney -> linked to radioactive isotope
-Visualises function via clearance