Flashcards in Week 11 Deck (21):
What are the general classifications of hyperkinetic dysarthria?
What does hyperkinetic dysarthria result from?
Failure of the extrapyramidal level to inhibit the extra impulses from the cortex
What are the types of quick hyperkinesias?
What is the fastest hyperkinetic disorder?
How do you describe myoclonus?
Sudden, shock like contraction
involuntary (can be postponed but not suppresed)
Are myoclonus rhythmical?
Where can myoclonus happen?
Anywhere in the body
What is the etiology of myoclonus?
Brain or spinal cord injury
Kidney or live failure
Lipid storage disease
Chemical or drug poisoning
Prolonged O2 deprivation
Autoimmune inflammatory conditions
When do palatal myoclonus typically stop?
What quick hyperkinesias are slighly slower than myclonic jerks?
Tics (Gilles de la Tourette)
What is the etiology of tics?
Postinfectious (ex. meningitis)
What are the types of tics
Simple phonic tics (noises)
Complex phonic tics (linguistically meaningful)
What are examples of simple phonic tics?
sniffing (most common)
What are examples of complex phonic tics?
What quick hyperkinesias are slightly slower than tics?
What are the most common types of chorea?
Sydenham's chorea (childhood; infection, acute rheumatic fever) - can be treated/resolved
Huntington's chorea (progressive genetic with dementia)
How can you best describe chorea?
Each child has a ___ chance of inheriting the Huntington's chorea gene if parent has it
What are the types of slow hyperkinesias?
Etiology of athetosis?
-tumor in basal ganglia