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Flashcards in Week 11 Deck (21):
1

What are the general classifications of hyperkinetic dysarthria?

Quick
Slow
Tremors

2

What does hyperkinetic dysarthria result from?

Failure of the extrapyramidal level to inhibit the extra impulses from the cortex

3

What are the types of quick hyperkinesias?

myoclonus
tics
chorea

4

What is the fastest hyperkinetic disorder?

myoclonus

5

How do you describe myoclonus?

Sudden, shock like contraction
involuntary (can be postponed but not suppresed)

6

Are myoclonus rhythmical?

No

7

Where can myoclonus happen?

Anywhere in the body

8

What is the etiology of myoclonus?

Idiopathic
Brain or spinal cord injury
Infection
Kidney or live failure
Lipid storage disease
Chemical or drug poisoning
Prolonged O2 deprivation
Medication reaction
Autoimmune inflammatory conditions
Metabolic disorders

9

When do palatal myoclonus typically stop?

During sleep

10

What quick hyperkinesias are slighly slower than myclonic jerks?

Tics (Gilles de la Tourette)

11

What is the etiology of tics?

Unknown
Genetic disorder
Nongenetic
Environmental
Postinfectious (ex. meningitis)

12

What are the types of tics

Simple phonic tics (noises)
Complex phonic tics (linguistically meaningful)

13

What are examples of simple phonic tics?

sniffing (most common)
blowing
squeaking
screaming
barking
grunting
coughing

14

What are examples of complex phonic tics?

coprolalia (cursing)
echolalia
palilalia
loud talking

15

What quick hyperkinesias are slightly slower than tics?

chorea

16

What are the most common types of chorea?

Sydenham's chorea (childhood; infection, acute rheumatic fever) - can be treated/resolved

Huntington's chorea (progressive genetic with dementia)

17

How can you best describe chorea?

Involuntary
Dancelike
Erratic

18

Each child has a ___ chance of inheriting the Huntington's chorea gene if parent has it

50%

19

What are the types of slow hyperkinesias?


athetosis
dystonia

20

Etiology of athetosis?

Early onset
-trauma
-anoxia
-neonatal jaundice

Later onset
-encephalitis
-stroke
-tumor in basal ganglia

21

How can you best describe athetosis?

Repetitive
Slow
Twisting
Writhing
Fluctuating tone