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Flashcards in Week 2 Deck (5)
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1

Influence of writing systems

- Alphabetic writing generally learned early in life
- commonly relies on MODEL which can conceptually MERGE SOUND + GRAPHEME

- sounding out: ‘/k/-/æ/-/t/ spells cat.’
- spelling out: ‘c-a-t spells cat.’
‘The first letter is /k/.’
‘The first letter is c.’


Writing systems can interfere w/ phonetic awareness bc:
- letters/characters are not sounds
- sounds are not letters/characters
(how many sounds in THROUGH? how many letters?)

2

Phonetics

Phonetics is the study of the physical properties of speech

- ARTICULATION (action of body to prod. speech sound)
- ACOUSTIC properties of sound wave in air
- AUDITORY properties perceived by hearers

3

4 major parameters in Production of CONSONANTS

- AIRSTREAM MECHANISM (What makes the airstream? Which way is the air going?)

- ACTION OF VOCAL FOLDS (GLOTTIS) (Are vocal folds held open? or opening & closing rapidly?)

- PLACE OF ARTICULATION
(Where is the main constriction in the airflow?)

- MANNER OF ARTICULATION (What’s happening with the major constriction to the airflow? how affected?)

4

phonetic transcription

representing speech sounds in writing, ideally
using...
- standard symbol to rep each sound
- each symbol = shorthand for phonetic description of the sound

5

orthography

standard system of written representation of a language
BUT NOT NECESSARILY DIRECT REPRESENTATION OF SPEECH SOUNDS