Flashcards in week 2 Deck (10):
danger, stimulate, shout.
open airway, and check. not normal then 5 rescue breaths
No sign of life then 15:2. Call resuscitation team after 1 min if alone.
how to do paediatric chest compressions
two fingers = infant(<1)
one hand CPR = if older
how to do paediatric rescue breaths
infant=mouth over nose and mouth (no need for neck tilt as anterior trachea)
child= chin tilt and close nose.
how to deal with paediatric choking?
effective cough - encourage cough
conscious with weak/ineffective cough = 5 Back blows then 5 chest thrusts/abdo thrusts (<1/>1year).
unconcious = open airway, 5 rescue breaths, CPR
what are the rough functions of the outer, middle, inner ear?
what is usher syndrome
hearing loss with retinitis pigmentosa. AR, commonest cause of hearing and visual loss (reduced peripheral vision and profound hearing loss)
what is pendred syndrome
hearing loss with a goitre.
due to malformation of inner ear
what is alport syndrome
ear, eye and renal disease due to collagen IV abnormality.
AR or X-linked,
Haematuria, leads to ESRD (renal failure)
when should you start to become concerned about a child's speech?
delayed by >6months. (unless bilingual)