Week 3: Chapters 11-13 Flashcards Preview

AP EURO EXAM > Week 3: Chapters 11-13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 3: Chapters 11-13 Deck (10):
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Heliocentric

-sun at center of universe, earth revolves around sun

1

Geocentric

-Earth stands still at the center of the universe

2

Scientific Method

-patterns in nature -> controlled experiments, record facts, hypothesis -> math formula to describe the natural phenomena
-Ideas of Bacon + Descartes

3

Philosophes

-thinkers & writers who supported enlightened ideas
-republic of letters

4

Deism

-God made universe then left it alone and warhead and let it run in accordance with natural laws

5

Pietism

-faith, emotion
-"the religion of the heart"

6

Enlightened Despots

-wanted absolute rulers to help the people
-combat ignorance
-allow religious toleration
-support education

7

Enclosure Movement

-landowners had to consolidate lands that used to be scattered and they had to enclose them with fences/hedges
-landowners could quickly implement new agricultural innovations
-but made the poor move to the city for work in factories
-not in France and Germany only in the Low Countries and England

8

Jean-Jacques Rosseau

NATURAL EDUCATION
-freedom and happiness
-education must be individualized
-people develops though various stages
-children should draw conclusions from experience

-individuals enter into social contracts with each other which makes a community
-rulers should serve the people if they don't then rebel

9

Voltaire

-most influential philosophe
-critiqued the intolerance of organized Christianity
-wanted to crush religious intolerance
-thought religion fanaticism was an enemy of reason