Week 1: Chapters 3-6 Flashcards Preview

AP EURO EXAM > Week 1: Chapters 3-6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 1: Chapters 3-6 Deck (10):
0

Medici Family

-dominated Florence (1400s)
-banking family
-Cosimo
-Piero
-Lorenzo the Magnificent

1

Petrarch

-loved the classics
-rejected medical ideals and studied Greek and Roman literature, history, and rhetoric
-humanist

2

Machiavelli

-"The Prince"
-human nature = selfish, corrupt
-leader must be: strong as a lion, shrewd as a fox
-the end justifies the means
-pessimistic

3

Northern (Christian) Humanism

-Greco-Roman + Christianity
-calmness and patience + humility and love
-moral and institutional reform

4

Printing Press

-created (w/ movable type) by Johannes Gutenberg
-freedom of expression
-spread info
-harder to censor and control ideas

5

Martin Luther

-believed salvation = a gift from God
-opposed indulgences
-started Lutheranism

6

Anglicanism

-created when Henry VIII broke away from Catholic Church via THE ACT OF SUPREMACY which made the king (him) the head of church & clergy of England

7

The Council of Trent

-contradicted Luther's ideals
-salvation is not a privilege
-scriptures & traditional catholic teachings
-7 sacraments
-

8

Peace of Westphalia

-100s of reps met in Westphalia
-Calvinism became acceptable
-rulers could chose the religion of their territory
-Dutch Republic was officially recognized
-Switzerland = officially neutral

9

Calvinism

-created by John Calvin
-humans = weak & insignificant
-predestination = God chose everyone who will achieve salvation
-elect = special sinless people
-Geneva "City of Saints" = model Calvinist city