Week 3: Respiratory Disorders & Oxygen Needs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 3: Respiratory Disorders & Oxygen Needs Deck (31)
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1

True or False: If we stop breathing for a few minutes death could occur

Answer: True

2

True or false: When oxygen levels decrease in tissues in our body the cells begin to die right away

Answer: True

3

True or false: Personal support workers are not allowed to assist a client with oxygen needs

Answer: False

4

Which of the following is true about what affects oxygen needs?
a) Respiratory system function
b) Circulatory system function
c) Red blood cell count
d) All of the above

Answer: D (all of the above)

5

True or false: In order for the respiratory system to function airways must remain open and the number of alveoli must be adequate to aid in the absorption of oxygen and the excretion of carbon dioxide

Answer: True

6

Fill in the blank: Hemoglobin picks up and carries ___

Oxygen

7

True or false: Bone marrow produces RBC

Answer: True

8

List other factors that may affect our oxygen needs

1) Exercise (requires more oxygen)
2) Nervous system (diseases or injury)
3) Aging (loss of elasticity in our lungs)

9

True or false: Drugs depress the respiratory center and can cause respiratory arrest

Answer: True

10

Fill in the blank: Alcohol depresses the ____

Cough reflex

11

Which of the following is true about the three phases of respiratory function
a) Air moves in and out of the lungs
b) O2 and CO2 exchanged at the alveoli
c) The blood carries O2 to the cells and removes CO2 from them
d) All of the above

Answer: D (all of the above)

12

What does SOBE stand for

Shortness of breath on exertion

13

True or false: Orthopnea is the difficulty of breathing when laying flat

Answer: True

14

True or false: You should always turn up oxygen for a client

Answer: False (it would get rid of the hypoxic drive- affects their ability to breath)

15

What is the normal respiratory rate in adults?

12- 20 respirations per minute

16

True or false: The medical term for normal respirations is called eupnea

Answer: True

17

Which of the following is true about Tachypnea
a) Categorized of slow breathing (less than 12 resp. per minute)
b) Lack or absence of breathing
c) Rapid breathing (more than 24 rpm)

Answer: C (rapid breathing)

18

True or false: Kussmaul respirations are deep and rapid respirations characteristic of diabetic acidosis

Answer: True

19

True or False: Dyspnea is when the respirations are rapid and deep

False: Dyspnea is difficult and labored breathing, painful breathing

20

True or false: Cheyne Stroke is common when death is near

True

21

Fill in the blank: Hypoxia is the ___ of oxygen in the cells

Deficiency

22

List the common signs of hypoxia (there are 3)

1) Dizziness
2) Restlessness
3) Disorientation

23

True or false: Breathing is easier when in Fowlers or semi-fowlers position?

True

24

Fill in the blank: Coughing and deep breathing help prevent _____

Pneumonia and atelectasis (lung collapsing)

25

True or false: Lungs are spongy tissue filled with alveoli, blood vessels and nerves

True

26

True or false: The right lung has two lobes

False- the right lung has 3 lobes the left only has 2

27

Which of the following protect the lungs
a) Sternum
b) Ribs
c) Vertebra
d) All of the above

Answer: D (all of the above)

28

True or false: Asthma is a paroxysmal dyspnea (sudden difficulty in breathing) or intermittent spasms of SOB

Answer: True

29

Which of the following is true about pneumonia
a) Infection of lung tissue
b) Alveoli fill with pus, mucous or other fluid
c) Caused by viral bacterial, aspiration or immobility
d) All of the above

Answer: D (all of the above)

30

True or false: A patient with pneumonia produces a clear, yellow, green or rust coloured sputum (salvia or mucous)

Answer: True

31

Which of the following is true about emphysema
a) Alveoli enlarge and become less elastic
b) O2 and CO2 cannot exchanged in the affected alveoli
c) Breathing is easier when client is sitting up-right and slightly forward
d) All of the above

Answer: D (all of the above)