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Flashcards in Week One Deck (19):
0

Theory

Provides a systematic view for explaining, predicting, and prescribing phenomena

A purposeful set of assumptions or propositions that identify the relationships between concepts

1

Nursing Theory

Is a conceptualization of some aspect of nursing

Communicates the purpose of describing, explaining, predicting and/or prescribing nursing care.

Aims to organize knowledge about nursing and enables nurses to use it in a professional and accountable manner

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Components of a Theory

Phenomenon

Concepts

Definitions

Assumptions

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Kinds of Nursing Theory

Grand theory

Middle-ranged theory

Descriptive theory

Prescriptive theory

4

Major Theoretical Models

Practice-based theories

Needs theories

Interactionist Theories

Systems Theories

Simultaneity Theories

5

Four Metaparadigm Concepts

Client and person

Environment

Health

Nursing

6

Practice-Based Theorists

Florence Nightengale

The McGill Model

7

Needs Theoriests

Virginia Henderson

Dorothea Orem

8

Interactions Theorists

Hildegard Peplau

Joyce Travelbee

Evelyn Adam

9

Systems Theorists

Dorothy Johnson

The University of British Columbia Model

Betty Neuman

Sister Callista Roy

10

Simultaneity Theorists

Martha Rogers

Rosemary Parse

Jean Watson

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First Bachelors of Nursing Program

University of British Columbia

12

First Laywoman to Nursing in New France

Marie Roller Hébert

13

Grey Nuns

First visiting nurses in Canada

Started as a group of women with charitable intentions

Les Soeurs Grises was a name with two meanings given to the nuns. The grey nuns after their robes with the double meaning of tipsy nuns

To meet expenses the nuns were innovative, running side businesses: making military uniforms and tents, a brewery, a tobacco plant, and a freight and cargo business

14

Florence Nightengale

Nurses during Crimean war

Had reductions in morbidity and mortality using cleanliness and comfort nursing.

Was first medical statistician, collecting and analyzing health data

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Nursing Science

A unique body of knowledge about the practice of nursing

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Dorothea Orem

Theory of Self-Care

Needs theorist

17

Virginia Henderson

Defined 14 basic needs

Needs theorist

Explain how a person's biological, psychological, social, and spiritual component combined influence the way illness is experienced and health can be regained

18

Hildegard Peplau

An interactionist theorist

Talks about therapeutic use of self