Weeks 5: HEENOT Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Weeks 5: HEENOT Deck (53)
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1

diplopia

double vision

2

snellen chart

measures visual acuity

3

Hydrocephalus

excessive fluid in the brain

4

acromegaly

too much growth hormone so head is very long and big

5

Paget's disease

A disease that disrupts the replacement of old bone tissue with new bone tissue- large head

6

myxedema

swelling on skin from underlying tissues—gives a waxy appearance-often caused by hypothyroidism

7

ptosis

droopy upper eyelid

8

microtia

smaller ear than expected

9

macrotia

larger ear than expected

10

Weber's test

(tuning fork on top of head) tests for conductive or sensorineural (root cause is inner ear) hearing loss

differentiates unilateral hearing loss

Normal result: equal sound bilaterally

11

Rinne test

tuning fork next to ear, raise finger when sound stops. Air conduction should be twice as long as bone conduction

12

Grading of tonsils

1+: Visible
2+: Halfway to uvula
3+: Touching uvula
4+: Touching each other

13

tongue deviation could indicate

damage to cranial nerve 7

14

halitosis

bad breath

15

which cranial nerves are checked for PERRLA (eye movement)?

3, 4, 6

16

eyes in toddlers

20/30 vision is normal

17

pseudoptosis

relaxed upper eyelid, dropping over the eye lid

18

arcus senilis

("old people eyes") .

Not pathologic, a lighter ring around eyes

19

vision in elderly

20/30 is considered normal

color perception of blue, violet, green is impaired

presbyopia (farsighted)

20

presbyopia (farsightedness) occurs

commonly over age 40 and a decrease in vision overall happens after 70

21

edentulous

missing teeth

22

mini cog

3 word recall + clock drawing test

23

early childhood caries (ECC)

the most common chronic disease of childhood in 5-17 year olds

24

ECC is ____ more common than esthma

5 times

25

a bruit may be present with

hyperthyroidism or thyrotoxicosis.

26

While examining the patient’s neck, the nurse finds the trachea midline but has difficulty palpating the thyroid. What action would the nurse take next?

document the finding as normal

27

The lymph nodes that lie in front of the mastoid bone are the:

preauricular nodes

28

Which of the following descriptions is most consistent with a patient who has hypothyroidism?

Slightly obese female with periorbital edema and a flat facial expression, who complains of constipation, deceased appetite, and fatigue

29

The nurse can best evaluate the strength of the sternocleidomastoid muscle by having the patient

turn his or her head against resistance

30

Which of the following best describes the instructions the nurse should give a patient when assessing the thyroid from the posterior approach?

Please tilt your head slightly down and to one side.