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Flashcards in Weight loss Deck (11):
1

Due to decreased appetite

can't eat or won't eat
prehension difficulties
painful mouth
dysphagia
loss of smell (loss of appetite in cats)

2

anorexia - influenced by...

blood glucose
body temp
metabolic products
neural input from GIT
substances released by neoplasia
psychic factors
(direct CNS pathology)

3

anorexia - PE

pyrexia
masses
severe constipation
severe heart disease
anaemia
icterus

4

anorexia - causes

toxins - exogenous or endogenous
pyrexia
electrolyte disturbance
hepatic disease
neoplasia
psychic factors
primary CNS disease

5

maldigestion

exocrine pancreatic insufficiency - most common
secondary enzyme deficiency
deficiency of bile acid
loss of brush border enzymes

6

malabsorption

nutrients digested normally
absorption in SI impared
structural disease of SI - most common
metabolic disease making absorption harder

7

malabsorption - primary GI

infl bowl disease (IBD) - relatively common
lymphangiectasia (can be secondary to IBD)
gastrointestinal lymphoma
severe SI bacterial overgrowth
dry feline infectious peritonitis (FIP)

8

malabsorption - clinical signs

weight loss
diarrhoea
coprophagia

9

malabsorption - secondary GI

hepatic disease
right sided cardiac disease
hyperthyroidism - gut transit time increased + less time for absorption. weight loss also due to increased metabolic rate

10

malutilisation - normal or increased appetite

diarrhoea usually not significant feature
diabetes mellitus
congestive heart failure
dirofilariasis
neoplasia
hyperthyroidism
renal disease

11

malutilisation - increased appetite

diabetes mellitus
hyperthyroidism